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1. Brief Screener for Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drugs (BSTAD)

Year: 2014

Developers:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Description:
Clinicians need a substance use screening measure for youth that is brief, reliable, and practical. This short screening instrument for youth was developed by NIAAA, based on epidemiologic data, and includes questions about alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Items cover any use in the past year, as well as use in the past 30 and 90 days. The version of the scale for 12-14 year olds starts by asking questions about friends' use first, as a less-threatening way to approach the topic of substance use, followed by personal use questions; in 15-17 year olds, this order is reversed, as per NIAAA's conventions. Participants who endorse any personal use are asked additional questions to gauge frequency of use during the past 30, 90, and 365 days.


Instrument Use & Availability

The scale is available in the source reference for free from NIAAA: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/YouthGuide/YouthGuide.pdf.

Permanent URL for this page:
http://bit.ly/BSTAD_inst

Instrument Details:

Source Reference:National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: A Practitioner's Guide (NIH Publication No. 11-7805). Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health, 2011. Free online: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/YouthGuide/YouthGuide.pdf.
Population studied:Adolescents
Instrument Type:Clinician-administered interview; Self-administered questionnaire
Administration/Scoring:The measure can be administered in a self-report or clinician interview format, and has been tested for effective self-administration on an iPad/tablet device, which was found to be preferable to the study population compared to the interviewer administration (Kelly, et al. 2014).
Validity/Reliability:The BSTAD has been found to be a valid, accurate, useful measure of past-year frequency as use (Kelly, et al., 2014).

Supporting References:

  • Kelly SM, Gryczynski J, Mitchell SG, et al. Validity of brief screening instrument for adolescent tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. Pediatrics 2014;133(5):819-826. [doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2346] Free in PMC





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