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1. Behavioral Risk Assessment for Infectious Diseases (BRAID)

Year: 2016

Dunn, Kelly E.; Barrett, Frederick S.; Herrmann, Evan S.; Plebani, Jennifer G.; Sigmon, Stacey C.; Johnson, Matthew W.

This measure was developed to assess infectious disease risk behaviors among alcohol and other drug users. It is a self-report measure with 14 items measuring past 6 month noninjection and injection risk behaviors. The BRAID has 5 factors: Unprotected Sex with Risky Partners, Injection Use, Sex on Cocaine/Crack, Condom Availability, and Intranasal Drug Use. Users answer yes/no to behaviors in each category that they have engaged in over the previous 6 months. Items include behaviors such as, "Unprotected one-night stand(s)," "Shared an injection needled," "Marathon sex on cocaine/crack," "Provided with condoms," and "Shared straw(s)." The BRAID has the potential to contribute an update measure to research on infectious disease risk among alcohol and other drug users.

Instrument Use & Availability

Copyright information unavailable. A list of the scale's 14 items can be found in Table 3 of the source reference.

For more information, contact:
Kelly E. Dunn, PhD
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Instrument Details:

Source Reference:Dunn KE, Barrett FS, Herrmann ES, Plebani JG, Sigmon SC, Johnson MW. Behavioral Risk Assessment for Infectious Diseases (BRAID): Self-report instrument to assess injection and noninjection risk behaviors in substance users. Drug Alcohol Depend 2016;168:69-75. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.07.032
Population studied:Adults
Instrument Type:Self-administered questionnaire; Assessment
Validity/Reliability:The source study provided initial internal validation of the BRAID; additional external (convergent/divergent) validation is needed. (Dunn KE et al, 2016).

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