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1. Brief Opioid Overdose Knowledge (BOOK)

Year: 2016

Dunn, Kelly E.; Barrett, Frederick S.; Yepez-Laubach, Claudia; Meyer, Andrew C.; Hruska, Bryce J.; Sigmon, Stacey C.; Fingerhood, Michael; Bigelow, George E.

This brief, 12-item scale assesses patient knowledge gaps related to opioid overdose risks. The scale uses 3 factors: Opioid Knowledge (4 items), Opioid Overdose Knowledge (4 items), and Opioid Overdose Response Knowledge (4 items). Items are rated true/false/I don't know, and include statements like, "Methadone is a long-acting opioid," "Trouble breathing is not related to opioid overdose," and "A sternal rub helps you evaluate whether someone is unconscious." The BOOK questionnaire provides a brief and easy-to-administer method for quickly assessing patient knowledge of opioids, and can be used to complement existing naloxone interventions or in settings for which naloxone training may not yet be available.

Instrument Use & Availability

Copyright information unavailable. A copy of the scale's 12 items can be found in Table 2 of the source reference.

For more information, contact:
Kelly E. Dunn, PhD
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

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Instrument Details:

Source Reference:Dunn KE, et al. Brief Opioid Overdose Knowledge (BOOK): A questionnaire to assess overdose knowledge in individuals who use illicit or prescribed opioids. J Addict Med 2016;10(5):314-323. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000235
Population studied:Adults; Young adults
Instrument Type:Assessment; Self-administered questionnaire
Administration/Scoring:Responses are dichotomized as correct or incorrect, with items marked as "I don't know" categorized as incorrect.
Validity/Reliability:The scale demonstrated strong internal and face validity (Dunn KE, et al, 2016).

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