AccessNo
1
Name
Addiction Admission Scale
Acronym
AAS
Developer
Weed, Nathan C.
Butcher, James N.
McKenna, Thomas
Ben-Povath, Yossef S.
Description
The AAS is an MMPI-2 scale that detects alcohol/drug abuse problems in the context of a clinical personality assessment. The AAS consists of 13 items and is available in either pencil-and-paper self-administered or computer self-administered format. It is especially helpful for literate, adult subjects with at least a sixth-grade reading level. The AAS is useful in clinical settings because can be scored from MMPI-2 and detects acknowledgement of alcohol/drug problems. It is also useful for researchers because it has a substantial normative base.
Availability
Copyright for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is held by the Regents of the University of Minnesota 1942, 1943, 1951, 1967 (renewed 1970), 1989.
Contact
Pearson Assessments<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55440<br>
Tel: 800-627-7271<br>
<a href=mailto:pearsonassessments@pearson.com">pearsonassessments@pearson.com</a><br>
<a href="http://pearsonassessments.com">http://pearsonassessments.com</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Addiction Admission Scale 1.pdf
[NIAAA version]
SourceRef
Weed NC, Butcher JN, McKenna T, Ben-Povath YS. New measures for assessing alcohol and drug abuse problems with the MMPI-2: The APS and AAS. Journal of Personality Assessment 1992;58:389-404.
OtherRef
Megargee EI, Mercer SJ, Carbonell JL. MMPI-2 with male and female state and federal prison inmates. Psychological Assessment 1999;11(2): 177-185.
Sirigatti S, Stefanile C. New measure for the study of substance dependency with the MMPI-2: AAS, APS, and MAC-R scales. [Italian]. Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata 1996;217: 17-25.
Svanum S, McGruew J, Ehrmann L. Validity of the substance abuse scales of the MMPI-2 in a college student sample. Journal of Personality Assessment 1994;62(3):427-439.
Greene RC, Weed N, Butcher S, et a. A cross-validation of MMPI-2 substance abuse scales. Journal of Personality Assessment 1992;58:405-410.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20AAS%20/%20Addiction%20Admission%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Addiction Admission Scale (AAS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/02_AAS.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%203%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Addiction Potential Scale (AAS)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1989
Notes
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
This instrument should be administered and scored/interpreted by trained practitioners. Scoring can be done quickly by a clinician (using a scoring key) or a computer. Norms are available for this instrument, and it has also been normed on the following subgroups: normals, substance abusers, and psychiatric patients.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AAS_inst

AccessNo
3
Name
Addiction Potential Scale
Acronym
APS
Developer
Weed, Nathan C.
Butcher, James N.
McKenna, Thomas
Ben-Povath, Yossef S.
Description
The APS is an MMPI-2-based measure of the personality factors underlying the development of addictive disorders. The scale was empirically derived by selecting MMPI-2 items that differentiated alcoholics and drug abusers from psychiatric patients and normals. Scale development procedures followed those used by MacAndrew (1965) in developing the MAC scale except that the MMPI-2 item pool, which incorporated more relevant item content, was used. The APS consists of 39 items and is available in self-administered pencil-and-paper or computer formats. It has a substantial normative base. In clinical settings, the Addiction Potential Scale is commonly used with the Addiction Admission Scale. The APS may also be used in personnel settings to screen job candidates.
Availability
Copyright for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is held by the Regents of the University of Minnesota 1942, 1943, 1951, 1967 (renewed 1970), 1989.
Contact
Pearson Assessments<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55440<br>
Tel: 800-627-7271<br>
<a href=mailto:pearsonassessments@pearson.com">pearsonassessments@pearson.com</a><br>
<a href="http://pearsonassessments.com">http://pearsonassessments.com</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Addiction Potential Scale 3.pdf
[NIAAA version]
SourceRef
Weed NC, Butcher JN, McKenna T, Ben-Povath YS. New measures for assessing alcohol and drug abuse problems with the MMPI-2: The APS and AAS. Journal of Personality Assessment 1992;58:389-404.
OtherRef
Clements R, Heintz JM. Diagnostic accuracy and factor structure of the AAS and APS scales of MMPI-2. J Pers Assess 2002;79(3):564-82.
Greene RL, Weed N, Butcher JN, et al. A cross-validation of MMPI-2 substance abuse scales. Journal of Personality Assessment 1992;58:405-410.
Rouse SV, Butcher JN, Miller KB. Assessment of substance abuse in psychotherapy clients: The effectiveness of the MMPI-2 substance abuse scales. Psychological Assessment 1999;11(1):101-107.
Svanum S, McGrew J, Ehrmann L. Validity of the substance abuse scales of the MMPI-2 in a college student sample. Journal of Personality Assessment 1994;62(3):427-439.
Weed NC, Butcher JN, Williams CL. Development of MMPI-A alcohol/drug problem scales. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1994;55(3):296-302.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20APS%20/%20Addiction%20Potential%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Addiction Potential Scale (APS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/03_APS.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%201%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Addiction Admission Scale (AAS)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
Notes
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
This instrument should be administered by trained practitioners.
Scoring can be done quickly by a clinician (with a scoring key) or a computer. Norms are available for this instrument, and it has also been normed on the following subgroups: normals, alcohol/drug abusers, psychiatric cases.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/APS_inst

AccessNo
11
Name
Adolescent Drug Involvement Scale
Acronym
ADIS
Developer
Moberg, D. Paul
Hahn, Lori
Description
The ADIS is a 13-item self-report instrument designed to differentiate between heavier, more problematic drug users and users less involved in drug use and experiencing fewer problems related to their use. It is essentially a modified version of the Adolescent Alcohol Involvement Scale (AAIS), and is designed to measure drug involvement along a continuum, ranging from no use to severe dependence. It takes approximately five minutes to score and is written at an eighth grade reading level.
Availability
The ADIS is in the public domain. The complete scale and scoring details are available in the source document, Moberg DP and Hahn L (1991).
Contact
D. Paul Moberg, Ph.D.<br>
Center for Health Policy and Program Evaluation<br>
University of Wisconsin at Madison<br>
2710 Marshall Ct.<br>
Madison, WI 53705-2279<br>
tel: 608-263-1304<br>
<a href="mailto:dpmoberg@facstaff.wisc.edu">dpmoberg@facstaff.wisc.edu</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Adolescent_Drug_Involvement_Scale_11.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Adolescent_Drug_Involvement_Scale_11.pdf
SourceRef
Moberg DP, Hahn L. The adolescent drug involvement scale. Journal of Adolescent Chemical Dependency 1991;2(1):75-88.
OtherRef
Winters KC, Stinchfield RD. Current issues and future needs in the assessment of adolescent drug abuse. NIDA Research Monograph 1995;156:146-71. [<a href="http://archives.drugabuse.gov/pdf/monographs/download156.html">free online</a>]
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20ADIS%20/%20Adolescent%20Drug%20Involvement%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Adolescent Drug Involvement Scale (ADIS)</a>
SourceInfo
DrugStrategies.com
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
EIB
TIP 31
EnteredBy
pm
EntryDate
200501
Year
1991
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
ValidRely
In a study of 453 adolescents, results demonstrated that the ADIS has acceptable internal consistency (alpha = 0.85) and provided preliminary evidence of validity. This scale was also shown to correlate (.72) with drug use frequency and (.75) with independent rating by clinical staff. When matched up with the frequency of drug use and the ratings that clinical staff gave, the scale correlates with their findings, therefore providing evidence of the validity of this test. See source reference for more details on these psychometric evaluations.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ADIS_inst

AccessNo
18
Name
Alcohol Clinical Index
Acronym
ACI
Developer
Skinner, Harvey A.
Holt, Stephen
Addiction Research Foundation (Ontario)
Description
The ACI is a versatile instrument for use by physicians, nurses and other health professionals to identify alcohol problems among patients (clients). It is composed of four parts: clinical signs (17 items) that are elicited by a physician or nurse; medical history (13 items) that can be completed by the patient; alcohol questionnaire (10 items) that includes a history of drinking during a typical 4-week period in the past 6 months as well as the CAGE screening items; and early indicators and risk factors (14 items). Separate forms are used for recording data for each component.

<p>The ACI is designed to detect varying degrees of alcohol problems (harmful use, abuse, and dependence). A distinct advantage of this instrument is that it combines information from a variety of sources in a practical strategy that increases the accuracy of detection over use of a single source.
Availability
Copyright 1986, Harvey A. Skinner, Stephen Holt, and the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario (now Centre for Addiction & Mental Health (CAMH)). The manual for the ACI is out of print and no longer available for purchase from CAMH (11/2012). <p>ADAI does not have a copy of this scale.
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcohol Clinical Index SAMPLE QUESTIONS 18.pdf [NIAAA - SAMPLE QUESTIONS ONLY]
SourceRef
Skinner HA ; Holt S ; Sheu WJ ; Israel Y. Clinical versus laboratory detection of alcohol abuse: The Alcohol Clinical Index. British Medical Journal 1986;292:1703-1708.
Skinner HA ; Holt S. The Alcohol Clinical Index: Strategies for Identifying Patients With Alcohol Problems. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1987.
OtherRef
Escobar F ; Espi F ; Canteras M. Diagnostic tests for alcoholism in primary health care: compared efficacy of different instruments. Drug Alcohol Depend 1995 Dec;40(2):151-8.
Alterman AI; Gelfand LA; Sweeney KK. The Alcohol Clinical Index in lower socioeconomic alcohol-dependent men. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1992;16(5):960-3.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Alcohol%20Clinical%20Index%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol Clinical Index (ACI)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Alcohol+Clinical+Index%22">PubMed Search: Alcohol Clinical Index (ACI)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (no longer included)
InstrumentType
Assessment
Clinician administered interview
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
METRIC
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1986
Notes
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ACI_inst

AccessNo
21
Name
Alcohol Dependence Scale
Acronym
ADS
Developer
Horn, John L.
Skinner, Harvey A.
Wanberg, Kenneth W.
Foster, F. Mark
Description
The ADS provides a quantitative measure of the severity of alcohol dependence consistent with the concept of the alcohol dependence syndrome. The 25 items cover alcohol withdrawal symptoms, impaired control over drinking, awareness of a compulsion to drink, increased tolerance to alcohol, and salience of drink-seeking behavior. It is widely used as a research and clinical tool, and studies have found the instrument to be reliable and valid. Use of the ADS has been reported mostly for clinical adult samples; however, studies have also used the instrument in general population and correctional settings, as well as with adolescents.<br>
The ADS is available in three formats: pencil-and-paper self-administered, interview, or computer self-administered. Since it can be completed in approximately 5-10 minutes, it is particularly useful in clinical settings for screening and case finding in a variety of settings including health care, corrections, general population surveys, workplace, and education. Moreover, the ADS yields a measure of the severity of dependence that is important for treatment planning, especially with respect to the intensity of treatment. Guidelines are given for using the ADS with respect to treatment planning, especially with respect to the level of intervention (e.g. American Society of Addiction Medicine Placement Criteria). The ADS can also be used for basic research studies where a quantitative index is required regarding the severity of alcohol dependence. For clinical research, the ADS is a useful screening and case-finding tool. It is also of value with respect to matching clients with the appropriate intensity of treatment, and for treatment outcome evaluations. The ADS has been found to have excellent predictive value with respect to a DSM diagnosis.
Availability
Copyright 1984, J.L. Horn, H.A. Skinner, K. Wanberg, and F.M. Foster and the Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Research Foundation. A kit with users guide and questionnaires is available for purchase from the <a href="http://www.camh.net/Publications/CAMH_Publications/alcohol_dependence_scale.html">Centre for Addiction and Mental Health</a>. This instrument is also available in French. A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers / 2nd edition," p. 285-286.
Contact
Harvey Skinner<br>
Department of Public Health Sciences<br>
McMurrich Building<br>
University of Toronto<br>
Toronto, ON Canada M5S 1A8<br>
tel: 416-978-8989<br>
<a href="mailto:harvey.skinner@utoronto.ca">harvey.skinner@utoronto.ca </a>
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcohol Dependence Scale 21.pdf
[NIAAA version]
SourceRef
Skinner HA ; Allen BA. Alcohol dependence syndrome: Measurement and validation. J Abnorm Psychol 1982;91:199-209.
Skinner HA ; Horn JL. Alcohol Dependence Scale: Users Guide. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1984.
OtherRef
Conway KP; Levy J; Vanyukov M; Chandler R; Rutter J; Swan GE; Neale M. Measuring addiction propensity and severity: the need for a new instrument. [Review] Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010;111(1-2):4-12.
Doyle SR, Donovan DM. A validation study of the Alcohol Dependence Scale. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2009;70(5):689-699.
Saxon AF; Kivlahan DR; Doyle S;Donovan DM. Further validation of the Alcohol Dependence Scale as an index of severity. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2007;68(1):149-156.
Zywiak, William H; Stout, Robert L; Trefry, Winston B; Glasser, Irene; Connors, Gerard J; Maisto, Stephen A; Westerberg, Verner S. Alcohol relapse repetition, gender, and predictive validity. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2006;30(4):349-353.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Alcohol%20Dependence%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol Dependence Scale (ADS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/10_ADS.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Alcohol+Dependence+Scale%22">PubMed search: Alcohol Dependence Scale</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Assessment
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Screening
Treatment planning
Outcome evaluation
Recommended
NIAAA
APA
EIB
CAMH
METRIC
TIP 16
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1984
Notes
Detailed psychometric information can be found in the APA book. Used in the COMBINE study.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
Only basic training is needed to administer this instrument.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done, using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive"), and construct. Factor analysis has also been done on the ADS.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Offenders
MatrixRecd
Rotgers article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ADS_inst

AccessNo
28
Name
Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test
Acronym
ASSIST
Developer
Henry-Edwards, Sue
Humeniuk, Rachel
Ali, Robert
Poznyak, Vladimir
Monteiro, Maristela
World Health Organization
Description
The ASSIST is an 8-item questionnaire developed by an international group of substance abuse researchers for the World Health Organization. It's purpose is to detect psychoactive substance use and related problems among primary care patients. The ASSIST provides information about: the substances people have ever used in their lifetime; the substances they have used in the past three months; problems related to substance use; risk of current or future harm; level of dependence; and injecting drug use. Substances addressed include: tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamine type stimulants, sedatives, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, and other drugs.
<p>
The ASSIST is especially designed for international use by health care workers in a range of health care settings. It may also be useful for professionals who work with people at high risk of problems related to substance use. It can be linked to a brief intervention to help high-risk substance users to cut down or stop their drug use and so avoid the harmful consequences of their substance use. The ASSIST extends the WHO efforts that led to development of the AUDIT, with a focus on drugs other than alcohol.
<p>The NIDA-Modified ASSIST is a Web-based interactive tool that guides clinicians through a short series of screening questions and, based on the patient's responses, generates a substance involvement score that suggests the level of intervention needed. The tool also provides links to resources for conducting a brief intervention and treatment referral, if warranted: <a href="http://www.nida.nih.gov/nidamed/screening/">http://www.nida.nih.gov/nidamed/screening/</a>.
Availability
Copyright 2000, World Health Organization. The document may be freely reviewed, abstracted, reproduced, and translated, in part or in whole but it may not be sold or used in conjunction with commercial purposes.
Contact
The ASSIST Project - World Health Organization<br>
1211 Geneva, Switzerland<br>
<a href="http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/activities/assist/en/">http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/activities/assist/en/</a><br>
<a href="mailto:msb@who.int">msb@who.int</a>
InstURL
http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/activities/en/ASSIST%20V.3-%20Guidelines%20for%20use%20in%20primary%20care_TEST.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test 28.pdf [downloaded from WHO site]
SourceRef
WHO ASSIST Working Group. The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST): development, reliability and feasibility. Addiction 2002;97:1183-1194.
OtherRef
McNeely J, et al. Validation of an audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) version of the alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST) in primary care patients. Addiction 2016;111(2):233-44. doi: 10.1111/add.13165
Spear SE, et al. Feasibility and acceptability of an audio computer-assisted self-interview version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in primary care patients. Subst Abuse 2016;37(2):299-305. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2015.1062460
O'Grady KE, Gryczynski J, Mitchell SG, Ondersma SJ, Schwartz RP. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in community health center patients. Am J Addict 2016;25(4):259-63. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12360
McNeely J, Strauss SM, Wright S, et al. Test-retest reliability of a self-administered Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in primary care patients. J Subst Abuse Treat 2014;47(1):93-101. [doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2014.01.007]
Ali R, Meena S, Eastwood B, et al. Ultra-rapid screening for substance-use disorders: the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST-Lite). Drug Alcohol Depend 2013;132(1-2):352-61. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.001
Hides L; Cotton SM; Berger G; et al. The reliability and validity of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in first-episode psychosis. Addict Behav 2009;34(10):821-5.
Humeniuk R, Ali R, Babor TF, Farrell M, Formigoni ML, Jittiwutikam J, de Lacerda RB, Ling W, Marsden J, Monteiro M, Nhiwatiwa S, Pal H, Poznyak V, Simon S. Validation of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST). Addiction 2008;103(6):1039-47.
Newcombe DL, Humeniuk RE, Ali R. Validation of the World Health Organization Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST): report of results from the Australian site. Drug Alcohol Review May 2005;24:217-226.
Henry-Edwards S, Humeniuk R, Ali R, Poznyak V, Monteiro M. <a href="http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/activities/en/Draft_The_ASSIST_Guidelines.pdf"> The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST): Guidelines for Use in Primary Care (Draft Version 1.1 for Field Testing). </a>Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003. Formal publication expected in 2005.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20ASSIST%20/%20Alcohol%20Smoking%20%26%20Substance%20Involvement%20Screening%20Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Alcohol%2C+Smoking%2C+and+Substance+Involvement+Screening+Test%22">PubMed search: Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2032%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20714%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">NIDA-Modified Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (NIDA-Modified ASSIST)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference, guidelines
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
WHO
EnteredBy
ns, pm
EntryDate
200505, 200904
Year
2000
InstURLHost
WHO, ASSIST v.3
Notes
From the Guidelines: A companion document “Brief Intervention for Problematic Substance Abuse. A Manual for Use in Primary Care” explains how to link the ASSIST to a brief intervention to help clients reduce or stop their substance use. --- WHERE IS THIS?
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
Scoring instructions can be found in the Guidelines/Manual from WHO (see Availability information, above). This instrument should be administered and scored/interpreted by trained practitioners.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Strong overall results in the reliability and validity studies suggest that the ASSIST is a valid screening test for both males and females, and is valid for cross-cultural use.
RELIABILITY: Test-retest reliability studies were performed in nine countries to assure a culturally diverse pool of participants with different use patterns.
VALIDITY: Results of a study in 7 countries indicate that the ASSIST provides a valid measure of risk for individual substances and for total substance involvement. Scores on the ASSIST were significantly correlated with the MINI-Plus (r=0.76, p<0.01) and the ASI (r=0.84, p<0.01). Discriminative analysis found that the ASSIST could distinguish between those who were low risk substance users or abstainers; those whose patterns of substance use put them at risk of problems, or had already developed problems related to their substance use, or were at risk of developing dependence, and those who were dependent on a substance.
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Dennis
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ASSIST_adai_inst

AccessNo
32
Name
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
Acronym
AUDIT
Developer
Babor, Thomas F.
de la Fuente, J.R.
Saunders, J.
Grant, Marcus
World Health Organization
Description
The AUDIT was developed by Tom Babor and others for the World Health Organization to identify persons whose alcohol consumption has become hazardous or harmful to their health. It is a 10-item screening questionnaire with 3 questions on the amount and frequency of drinking, 3 questions on alcohol dependence, and 4 on problems caused by alcohol. All of the questions are scored using a 5-point Likert scale. The AUDIT takes under 2 minutes to administer.
The AUDIT screening procedure in clinical settings is linked to a decision process that includes brief intervention with heavy drinkers, or referral to specialized treatment for patients who show evidence of more serious alcohol involvement. Populations appropriate for a screening program using the AUDIT include primary care, emergency room, surgery, and psychiatric patients; DWI offenders, criminals in court, jail and prison; enlisted men in the Armed Forces; workers encountered in employee assistance programs and industrial settings; and college students.
Another feature of the AUDIT is the optional Clinical Screening Procedure, which consists of two questions about traumatic injury, five items on clinical examination, and a blood test (the serum GGT). The Clinical Screening Procedure does not refer directly to problems with alcohol and may be particularly relevant for defensive patients in situations where alcohol-specific questions cannot be asked with confidence.
The AUDIT is currently being used in a variety of research projects and epidemiological studies. Research guidelines incorporated into the AUDIT manual suggest further research using this instrument.
Availability
Copyright 1992 Thomas Babor and the World Health Organization. The core questionnaire can be reproduced without permission. The AUDIT has been translated into numerous languages, including Japanese, French, Norwegian, Rumanian, Slavic, Spanish, Arabic, and Swahili. The manual (link below) includes detailed administration guidelines, scoring instructions, and a copy of the scale.
Contact
World Health Organization<br>
Division of Mental Health & Prevention of Substance Abuse<br>
CH-1211 <br>
Geneva 27, Switzerland<br>
<a href="mailto:Publications@who.int">Publications@who.int</a>
InstURL
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2001/WHO_MSD_MSB_01.6a.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Alcohol_Use_Disorders_Identification_Test_32.pdf [formatted for SDS]
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Manual and Test 32.pdf [downloaded from WHO]
SourceRef
Babor TF ; de la Fuente JR ; Saunders J ; Grant M. AUDIT: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Guidelines for use in primary health care. Geneva : World Health Organization, 1992.
Saunders JB ; Aasland OG ; Babor TF ; de la Fuente JR ; Grant M. Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Screening Test (AUDIT). WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption. II. Addiction 1993;88:791-804.
OtherRef
Cortes-Tomas MT, et al. Different versions of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as screening instruments for underage binge drinking. Drug Alcohol Depend 2016;158:52-9. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.10.033
Celio MA, Vetter-O'Hagen CS, Lisman SA, et al. Integrating field methodology and web-based data collection to assess the reliability of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Drug Alcohol Depend 2011;119(1-2):142-4.
Olthuis JV, Zamboanga BL, Ham LS, Van Tyne K. The utility of a gender-specific definition of binge drinking on the AUDIT. J Am Coll Health 2011;59(4):239-45
Murphy P, Garavan H. Cognitive predictors of problem drinking and AUDIT scores among college students. Drug Alcohol Depend 2011;115(1-2):94-100.
Rist F, Glockner-Risk A, Demmel R. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test revisited: Establishing its structure using nonlinear factor analysis and identifying subgroups of respondents using latent class factor analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2009;100(1-2):71-82.
Aalto M, Alho H, Halme JT, Seppa K. AUDIT and its abbreviated versions in detecting heavy and binge drinking in a general population survey. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2009;103(1-2):25-9.
Fairlie, Anne M; Sindelar, Holly A; Eaton, Cheryl A; Spirito, Anthony. Utility of the AUDIT for screening adolescents for problematic alcohol use in the emergency department. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 2006;18(1):115-122.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20AUDIT%20/%20Alcohol%20Use%20Disorders%20Identification%20Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/14_AUDIT.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Alcohol+Use+Disorders+Identification+Test%22">PubMed search: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Name%20ct%20Alcohol+Use+Disorders+Identification+Test+Consumption+Items%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) - Consumption Items</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2028%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Treatment Test (ASSIST)</a>
AUDIT-WR (Wife's Report): see Other Ref (Satyanarayana VA, 2010). The items used in the AUDIT-WR are exactly the same as the AUDIT, except that all items refer to the husband.
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
WHO
TIP 16
TIP 42
METRIC
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
InstURLHost
WHO
Notes
Detailed psychometric information is available in the APA book.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
This instrument should be administered by trained health professionals or paraprofessionals. There is a detailed user's manual (see Availability section, above) and a videotape training module that explains proper administration procedures, scoring, interpretation, and clinical management. The Clinical Screening Procedure is meant to be used by medically trained professionals and it takes 10 minutes to complete when incorporated into other aspects of a medical evaluation. Norms are available for this instrument, and it has also been normed on the subgroups of heavy drinkers and alcoholics.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the AUDIT using measures of test-retest and internal consistency. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
African Americans
Hispanics
Offenders
College students
DUI/DWI drivers
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AUDIT_adai_inst

AccessNo
33
Name
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption Items
Acronym
AUDIT-C
AUDIT-3
AUDIT-QF
Developer
Bush, Kristen R.
Kivlahan, Daniel R.
McDonell, Mary B.
Fihn, Stephan D.
Bradley, Katherine A.
Description
The AUDIT-C is an alcohol screening instrument consisting of the first three questions of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test -- those that focus on alcohol consumption. The items ask about frequency of drinking, quantity consumed at a typical occasion, and frequency of heavy episodic drinking (six standard drinks or more on a single occasion). The AUDIT-C is scored on a scale of 0-12 (scores of 0 reflect no alcohol use). In men, a score of 4 or more is considered positive; in women, a score of 3 or more is considered positive. Generally, the higher the score, the more likely it is that the patient’s drinking is affecting his/her health and safety. Most patients who screen positive on the AUDIT-C will be hazardous drinkers who are not alcohol dependent. By using both the AUDIT-C score, and the patient’s history of alcohol treatment, it is possible to identify those most likely to be alcohol dependent.
<p>

In a general population study (Dawson et al, 2005), the AUDIT-C performed best in screening for risk drinking, next best in screening for dependence, and least well in screening for any AUD, both among past-year drinkers and within the total adult population. It may be particularly useful in screening for risk drinking to determine eligibility criterion for Brief Intervention, for which the CAGE, TWEAK, and RAPS4 were not designed. The AUDIT-C is currently used by the US Veterans Administration to detect hazardous drinking.
Short questionnaires perform almost as well as the whole AUDIT when screening risky drinking among men and women. They are recommended for clinical use in busy settings. The AUDIT-QF uses only the first two questions of the AUDIT, and the AUDIT-3 uses the third question of the AUDIT. The AUDIT-C screens well with both genders and the AUDIT-3 performed better with men than women. Cut-off scores need to be tailored based on gender and culture.
Availability
The three AUDIT-C items can be found in the source reference, or extrapolated from a copy of the AUDIT (the AUDIT-C is the first three items of the original AUDIT).
InstURL
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2001/WHO_MSD_MSB_01.6a.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Alcohol_Use_Disorders_Identification_Test_Consumption_Items_33.pdf [formatted for SDS]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Manual and Test 32.pdf
[WHO manual & test for the AUDIT -- use first three items for AUDIT-C]
SourceRef
Bush K, Kihlavan DR, McConell MB, Fihn SD, Bradley KA. The AUDIT alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C): An effective brief screening test for problem drinking. Arch Intern Med 1998;158(16):1789–1795.
OtherRef
Dawson DA, Smith SM, Saha TD, Rubinsky AD, Grant BF. Comparative performance of the AUDIT-C in screening for DSM-IV and DSM-5 alcohol use disorders. Drug Alcohol Depend 2012;126(3):384-8.
Broyles LM, Gordon AJ, Sereika SM, Ryan CM, Erlen JA. Do words matter? Incongruent responses to inconsistently worded AUDIT-C alcohol screening instruments. Subst Abus. 2011 Oct;32(4):202-9. [<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22014250">Free online</a>]
Meneses-Gaya C; Zuardi AW; Loureiro SR; Crippa JAS. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): an updated systematic review of psychometric properties. Psychol Neurosci 2009; 2:83-97.
Frank D, DeBenedetti AF, Volk RJ, et al. Effectiveness of the AUDIT-C as a screening test for alcohol misuse in three race/ethnic groups. J Gen Intern Med 2008;23(6):781-787. [<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2517893/">Free online</a>]
Bradley KA; DeBenedetti AF; Volk RJ; Williams EC; Frank D; Kivlahan DR. AUDIT-C as a brief screen for alcohol misuse in primary care. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2007; 31(7):1208-1217.
Dawson, Deborah A; Grant, Bridget F; Stinson, Frederick S. The AUDIT-C: screening for alcohol use disorders and risk drinking in the presence of other psychiatric disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2005;46(6):405-416.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20AUDIT+C%20/%20Alcohol%20Use%20Disorders%20Identification%20Test+-+Consumption*%20C%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption Items (AUDIT-C)</a>
<a href="http://www.queri.research.va.gov/tools/alcohol-misuse/alcohol-faqs.cfm">FAQs about the AUDIT-C for Clinicians</a> (VA Quality Enhancement Research Initiative)
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Alcohol+Use+Disorders+Identification+Test+Consumption+Items%22">PubMed Search: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption Items (AUDIT-C)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2032%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)</a>
SourceInfo
FAQ and Dawson and Karne articles.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
METRIC
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200505
Year
1998
InstURLHost
WHO (for AUDIT-C, use first three items only)
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Reviewed/updated 201211 (MB)
AdminScoring
AUDIT-C is a self-administered scale, but has also been administered over the telephone and on computer.
ValidRely
The short versions of the AUDIT have satisfactory psychometric properties, sometimes with sensitivity values higher than those of the AUDIT itself (Aalto, 2009). These versions are of great value because they allow for faster screening of alcohol use disorders. For screening of alcohol dependence, better results were found with the adoption of higher cut-off scores.
The AUDIT-3 provided excellent results with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values above 0.83, adequate to screen for alcohol abuse and dependence with the adoption of different cut-off points.
The evaluation of the internal consistency of the AUDIT and its abbreviated versions resulted in excellent alpha values.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AUDIT-C_inst

AccessNo
51
Name
Drug Use Disorders Identification Test
Acronym
DUDIT
Developer
Berman, Anne H.
Bergman Hans
Palmstierna, Tom
Schlyter, Fran
Description
The DUDIT is an 11-item self-administered screening instrument for drug-related problems, giving information on the level of drug intake and selected criteria for substance abuse / harmful use and dependence according to the ICD-10 and DSM-4 diagnostic systems. It was developed to complement the AUDIT; both instruments yield scores on a continuous interval scale and can easily be used in criminal justice, addiction treatment, and psychiatric settings.
<p>
A 54-item version of the DUDIT, the DUDIT-Extended or DUDIT-E, was developed in 2007 and contains additional questions about drug-related consequences for individuals who have been identified by the DUDIT as possibly having a drug problem (<a href="http://bit.ly/DUDIT-E_inst">click here</a> to view the record for the DUDIT-E).
Availability
Copyright Anne H. Berman, Hans Bergman, Tom Palmstierna & Frans Schlyter, Europe English version 1. It is available in English, Norwegian, Portuguese, and Swedish. The DUDIT is in the public domain, but its user-friendly layout is an important part of its integrity and forms the basis for the evaluation of its psychometric properties. Researchers and clinicians interested in translating the DUDIT into other languages are asked to contact the developer for a template. A manual is available from the developer to accompany the clinical use of the DUDIT.<p>

Contact
Anne H. Berman<br>Center for Health Equity Studies (CHESS) <br>Stockholm University<br>Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden <br>tel: +46 8 517 74869. <br> <a href="mailto:anne.h.berman@chess.su.se">anne.h.berman@chess.su.se</a>
InstURL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=RedirectURL&_method=externObjLink&_locator=url&_issn=03064603&_origin=article&_zone=art_page&_plusSign=%2B&_targetURL=http%253A%252F%252Fwww.emcdda.europa.eu%252Fattachements.cfm%252Fatt_10455_EN_DUDIT.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drug_Use_Disorders_Identification_Test_51.pdf [from source reference]
Print copy in instrument binder.
SourceRef
Berman AH; Bergman H; Palmstierna T; Schlyter F. Evaluation of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) in criminal justice and detoxification settings in a Swedish population sample. European Addiction Research 2005;11(10):22-31.
OtherRef
Voluse AC, Gioia CJ, Sobell LC, Dum M, Sobell MB, Simco ER. Psychometric properties of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) with substance abusers in outpatient and residential treatment. Addict Behav 2012;37(1):36-41.
Berman AH; Palmstierna T; Kallmen H; Bergman H. The self-report Drug Use Disorders Identification Test-Extended (DUDIT-E): Reliability, validity, and motivational index. J Subst Abuse Treat 2007; 32(4):357-369.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DUDIT%20/%20Drug+Use+Disorders+Identification+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://bit.ly/DUDIT-E_inst">Drug Use Disorders Identification Test--Extended (DUDIT-E)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
EIB
EnteredBy
ns,PM
EntryDate
200503
200705
Year
2002, 2005
InstURLHost
EMCDDA
Notes
Reviewed/Updated 201301 (MB)
AdminScoring
The DUDIT is user-friendly and can easily be used in criminal justice, addiction treatment, and psychiatric settings. Nine questions are scored on 5-point scales ranging from 0-4 and two are scored on 3-point scales with values of 0, 2, and 4. Total scores range from 0-44, with higher scores suggestive of a more severe drug problem.
ValidRely
The DUDIT has been found to be a psychometrically sound drug abuse screening measure with high convergent validity when compared to similar measures (like the DAST-10), and to have a Cronbach's alpha of .94, with good sensitivity and specificity.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DUDIT_inst

AccessNo
55
Name
Brief Symptom Inventory
Acronym
BSI
Developer
Derogatis, Leonard R.
Melisaratos, Nick
Description
The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) is a multidimensional symptom inventory designed to reflect psychological symptom patterns of psychiatric and medical patients. This 53-item self-report is the short form of the SCL-90-R instrument. Like the SCL-90-R instrument, the BSI can be useful in initial evaluation of patients at intake as an objective method of screening for psychological problems. It is especially appropriate in clinical situations where debilitation results in reduced attention and endurance, in research with limited interview schedules, and in outpatient clinics where testing procedures demand brevity. The BSI instrument is also frequently used in measuring patient progress during treatment or in the assessment of treatment outcomes. <p>
This instrument is useful in tracking changes in reported psychopathology over time. It gives specific indicators of a variety of forms of psychopathology and overall relative severity of psychopathology.<p>
The BSI 18 (Derogatis, 2000) is a brief, easy-to-administer, abbreviated version of the BSI and the SCL. It takes 4 minutes to administer and complete, and measures somatization, depression, and anxiety in both inpatient and community settings. It is used primarily to monitor mental health status during hospitalization and aftercare for patients with chronic conditions.
Availability
Use of this instrument is regulated by <a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com">Pearson Assessments</a>. It is available in Spanish and French for Canada, and in other languages. See web site for pricing.
Contact
Pearson Assessments
<a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/bsi.htm">http://www.pearsonassessments.com</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Brief Symptom Inventory 55.pdf
[formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Derogatis LR ; Melisaratos N. The Brief Symptom Inventory: An introductory report. Psychological Medicine 1983;13(3):595-605.
Derogatis, L.R. (2000). Brief Symptom Inventory 18 (BSI 18). San Antonio, TX: Pearson.
OtherRef
Thomas ML. Rewards of bridging the divide between measurement and clinical theory: demonstration of a bifactor model for the Brief Symptom Inventory. Psychol Assess 2012;24(1):101-13.
Wiesner M, Chen V, Windle M, Elliott MN, Grunbaum JA, Kanouse DE, Schuster MA. Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 in women: A MACS approach to testing for invariance across racial/ethnic groups. Psychol Assess 2010;22(4):912-22
Long CG; Hollin CR. Assessing comorbid substance use in detained psychiatric patients: issues and instruments for evaluating treatment outcome. Substance Use and Misuse 2009; 44(11):1602-1641.
Long JD, Harring JR, Brekke JS, Test MA, Greenberg J. Longitudinal construct validity of Brief Symptom Inventory subscales in schizophrenia. Psychol Assess 2007;19(3):298-308.
Asner-Self KK; Schreiber JB; Marotta SA. A cross-cultural analysis of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology 2006;12(2):367-375.
Royse D, Druge K. Screening drug abuse clients with the Brief Symptom Inventory. International Journal of the Addictions 1984;19:849-857.




Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20BSI%20/%20Brief%20Symptom%20Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)</a>
<a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/bsi.htm">Pearson Assessments' BSI page</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Brief+Symptom+Inventory%22">PubMed search: Brief Symptom Inventory</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://bit.ly/SCL-90-R_inst">Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R)</a>
SourceInfo
Pearson Assessments
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Outcome evaluation
Psychological assessment
Recommended
APA
NIDA-CTN-CAB
EIB
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503, 201105
Year
1983
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
WSIPP discussed this measure (BSI-18) as one which may assist a clinician in the investigation process for involuntary treatment.
http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/11-01-3402.pdf
Reviewed/Updated 201301 (MB)
AdminScoring
The BSI requires only a brief introduction and a minimal amount of instruction to ensure validity. Completion time is 8-10 minutes.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Validity is supported by high correlation with parent instrument (SCL-90).
Status
public
Population
Adults
College students
MatrixRecd
Megan
Rotgers article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/BSI_inst

AccessNo
58
Name
CAGE
Acronym
CAGE
Developer
Ewing, John A.
Description
The CAGE is a 4-item, relatively nonconfrontational questionnaire for detection of alcoholism, usually phrased as "have you ever" but may be focused to delineate past or present alcohol problems. Because it requires less than one minute for administration, it is a useful bedside clinical desk instrument and has become the favorite of family practice physicians, general internists, and nurses. The CAGE has much less potential for most research uses than for clinical use.
<ul>
1. Have you felt the need to <b>C</b>ut down on your drinking?<br>
2. Do you feel <b>A</b>nnoyed by people complaining about your drinking?<br>
3. Do you ever feel <b>G</b>uilty about your drinking?<br>
4. Do you ever drink an <b>E</b>ye-opener in the morning to relive the shakes?
</ul>
A common criticism of the CAGE is that is not gender-sensitive, and women who are problem drinkers are less likely to screen positive than men. Also, it identifies alcohol-dependent persons, but may not identify binge drinkers. Finally, the CAGE asks about "lifetime" experience rather than current drinking, so a person who no longer drinks may screen positive unless the clinician directs the questions to focus on a more current timeframe.
<p>
The CAGE is available in the following formats: pencil-and-paper self-administered, interview, and computer self-administered. It is easy to learn, easy to remember, and easy to replicate.
Availability
This instrument is in the public domain. No permission is necessary unless used in a profit-making endeavor. The CAGE has been translated into Flemish, French, Hebrew, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, and Spanish. A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers / 2nd edition," p.332-334.
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/inscage.htm
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\CAGE 58.pdf
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/CAGE_58.pdf [formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Ewing JA. Detecting alcoholism: The CAGE questionnaire. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association 1984;252:1905-1907. [contains a copy of the instrument]
OtherRef
Geneste J, Pereira B, Arnaud B, et al. CAGE, RAPS4, RAPS4-QF and AUDIT screening tests for men and women admitted for acute alcohol intoxication to an emergency department: Are standard thresholds appropriate? Alcohol Alcoholism 2012;47(3):273-81
Skogen JC, Overland S, Knudsen AK, Mykletun A. Concurrent validity of the CAGE questionnaire. The Nord-Trondelag Health Study. Addict Behav 2011;36(4):302-7.
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
Dhalla S, Kopec JA. The CAGE questionnaire for alcohol misuse: A review of reliability and validity studies. Clin Invest Med 2007;30(1):33-41.
Bradley KA, Bush KR, McDonell MB, Malone T, Fihn SD, the Ambulatory Care Quality Improvement Project (ACQUIP). Screening for problem drinking: Comparison of CAGE and AUDIT. J Gen Intern Med 1998;13(6):379-88.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CAGE%20/%20CAGE%20Questionnaire%20!%20home%20cage%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: CAGE</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/16_CAGE.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=CAGE+AND+(screen*+%2F+question*+%2F+alcohol*)">PubMed search: CAGE</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20321%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">CAGE - Adapted to Include Drugs (CAGE-AID)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20379%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Reduce Annoyed Guilty Start (RAGS)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
APA
TIP 16
TIP 42
METRIC
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1984
InstURLHost
NIAAA
Notes
Detailed psychometric information can be found in the APA book.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Reviewed/Updated 201301 (MB)
AdminScoring
No training is required for the administration of this instrument. It should be administered by a professional or technician.
Scoring of the CAGE is instantaneous. Each yes response is scored as 1. A score of 2 of higher is considered clinically significant and should raise the clinician's index of suspicion that the individual has an alcohol-related problem or diagnosis. A cut point of 1 detects approximately 90% of those with an alcohol-related disorder, with 48% false-positive diagnoses. Norms are available for this instrument.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on this instrument using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
College students
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAGE_inst

AccessNo
59
Name
Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test
Acronym
CUDIT
CUDIT-R
Developer
Adamson, Simon J.
Sellman, J. Douglas
Description
The CUDlT is a 10-question, self-report screening instrument employing a 5-point Likert Scale. It is a modification of the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). The instrument was recently developed and its ability to accurately assess cannabis abuse or dependence was tested on a sample of alcohol-dependent out-patients (n=53) who reported some use of cannabis in the past 6 months. The first 2 questions ask about current use while the other 8 refer to the past 6 months. The maximum score possible is 40 with a cut-off of 8 demonstrating a positive predictive value of 81.8% and sensitivity of 73.3 %.<p>

The CUDIT-R (Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test-Revised) is an eight-item refinement, comprising 4 items from the original 10-item CUDIT and 4 new items. It may also have potential as a brief routine outcome measure.

The original CUDIT and CUDIT-R have been validated for use among both psychiatric populations and non-clinical samples of cannabis using adults, with good validity and reliability. The CUDIT-R exhibits improved psychometric properties (Adamson, 2010) over the original scale and appears to be a suitable screening tool for poblematic cannabis use. However, Loflin et al (2017) found that the CUBIT-R may not retain the same structural characteristics when applied to veterans who use medicinal cannabis.
Availability
The CUDIT and CUDIT-R are in the public domain and may be used and reproduced without charge.
Contact
Mr. Simon Adamson<br>
National Addiction Centre (formerly NCTD)<br>
Department of Psychological Medicine<br>
Christchurch School of Medicine & Health Sciences<br>
University of Otago<br>
4 Oxford Terrace, PO Box 4345<br>
Christchurch New Zealand<br>
tel: 64-3-364-0480<br>
<a href="mailto:simon.adamson@otago.ac.nz">simon.adamson@otago.ac.nz</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test Revised 59.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Cannabis_Use_Disorders_Identification_Test_59.pdf (Original CUDIT)

http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test Revised 59.pdf (CUDIT-R)
SourceRef
Adamson SJ ; Sellman JD. A prototype screening instrument for cannabis use disorder: the Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test (CUDIT) in an alcohol-dependent clinical sample. Drug and Alcohol Review 22, 309-315, 2003.
Annaheim B, Rehm J, Gmel G. How to screen for problematic cannabis use in population surveys: An evaluaiton of the Cannabis Use Disorders Test (CUDIT) in a Swiss sample of adolescents and young adults. European Addiction Research 14(4):190-197, 2008.
Adamson SJ; Kay-Lambkin FJ; Baker AL; Lewin TJ; Thornton L; Kelly BJ; Sellman JD. An improved brief measure of cannabis misuse: The Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test-Revised (CUDIT-R). Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010 110(1-2):137-143.
OtherRef
Piontek D; Kraus L; Klempova D. Short scales to assess cannabis-related problems: a review of psychometric properties. Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy 2008;3:25.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CUDIT%20/%20Cannabis+Use+Disorders+Identification+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test (CUDIT)</a>
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2003
2009
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Updated as per email from Simon Adamson, 20100311
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CUDIT_inst

AccessNo
63
Name
Client Substance Index
Acronym
CSI
Developer
Moore, David D.
Description
This 113-item test is based on Jellinek's 28 symptoms of drug dependence. Scores on the CSI reflect the degree of drug dependence, ranging from no problem, to misuse of substances, to chemical dependency. CSI scores have been shown to discriminate normal from drug treatment samples.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. Information on obtaining a copy of this scale unavailable.
SourceRef
Moore DD. A psychometric study of adolescent substance abuse: internal consistency and validity studies of the Client Substance Index. Dissertation Abstracts International 1992;53(1-B):569-570.
OtherRef
James WH; Moore DD. Screening for substance use in adolescents: Outcomes of assessments with alternative school students. Subst Abuse 1995;16(1):21-29.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Client+Substance+Index%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Client Substance Index (CSI)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2064%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Client Substance Index-Short Form (CSI-S)</a>
SourceInfo
DrugStrategies.com
InstrumentType
Assessment
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CSI_inst

AccessNo
64
Name
Client Substance Index - Short Form
Acronym
CSI-S
Developer
Thomas, D.W.
Description
The CSI-S was developed and evaluated as part of a larger Substance Abuse Screening Protocol through the National Center for Juvenile Justice. This tool is a 15-item, yes/no self-report instrument that was adapted from Moore's multi-scale Client Substance Index. The objective of this brief screen is to identify juveniles within the court system who are in need of additional drug abuse assessment. When tested again and again, the results are comparable (coefficient alpha =.84-.87). The test also has the ability to discriminate groups defined according to the severity of their criminal offenses.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. The CSI-S instrument and manual can be downloaded for free from the NCJJ.
InstURL
http://www.ncjj.org/pdf/SubstanceAbuseScreening.pdf
SourceRef
Thomas DW. Substance Abuse Screening Protocol for the Juvenile Courts. Pittsburgh: National Center for Juvenile Justice, 1990.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CSI%20/%20Client+Substance+Index%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Client Substance Index (CSI)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2063%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Client Substance Index (CSI)</a>
SourceInfo
DrugStrategies.com
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1990
InstURLHost
National Center for Juvenile Justice
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CSI-S_inst

AccessNo
70
Name
Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-IV
Acronym
CAPS
Developer
Blake, Dudley D.
Description
Developed at the National Center for PTSD, the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) has become the “gold standard” for assessing posttraumatic stress disorder in individuals over age 15. This user-friendly structured interview is ideal for screening, differential diagnosis, confirmation of a PTSD diagnosis, or identifying Acute Stress Disorder. Completion time for the full CAPS interview is 45-60 minutes.
The CAPS consists of 30 carefully worded interview questions that target DSM-IV criteria for PTSD without leading the respondent. The interview gives a clear picture of symptom severity and sufficient information to determine whether a current or lifetime diagnosis of PTSD is indicated. In addition, the CAPS includes a protocol for assessing Criterion A, a diagnostic requirement that the patient has experienced at least one traumatic event involving both life threat or serious injury and an overwhelming emotional response. The scale also offers an optional Life Events Checklist, with just 17 items, that can be completed by the patient to help identify precipitating traumatic events.
Although initially developed with combat veterans, the CAPS has been successfully used with many veteran, civilian and refugee trauma populations, including victims of rape, car accidents, incest, torture, cancer, and the Holocaust. It has gained international acceptance because it is psychometrically sound and because it is flexible and easy to use. Supported by 10 years of research, the CAPS is a highly useful and flexible tool for evaluating PTSD.
Availability
The CAPS is in the public domain. However, because of the American Psychological Association's ethical guidelines on psychological testing, a master's degree in a clinical discipline is required for use. <a href="http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/assessments/ncptsd-instrument-request-form.asp">Register to obtain a copy here</a>.Training workshops are available by contacting the National Center for PTSD. The CAPS has been translated into Dutch, French, German, Japanese, and other languages.
Contact
National Center for PTSD (116D)<br>
VA Medical Center and Regional Office Center<br>
215 North Main St.<br>
White River Junction, VT 05009<br>
<a href="mailto:ptsd@dartmouth.edu">ptsd@dartmouth.edu</a>
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Clinician_Administered_PTSD_Scale_for_DSM_IV_70.pdf [formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Blake DD, Weathers FW, Nagy LN et.al. A clinician rating scale for assessing current and lifetime PTSD: the CAPS-1. Behavior Therapist 1990;18:187-188.
OtherRef
Pupo MC, Jorge MR, Schoedl AF, Bressan RA, Andreoli SB, Mello MF, de Jesus Mari J. The accuracy of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) to identify PTSD cases in victims of urban violence. Psychiatry Res 2011;185(1-2):157-60
Harrington T ; Newman E. The psychometric utility of two self-report measures of PTSD among women substance users. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(12):2788-2798.
Weathers FW ; Keane TM ; Davidson JR. Clinician-administered PTSD scale : a review of the first ten years of research. Depress Anxiety 2001;13(3):132-56.
Blake DD ; Weathers FW ; Nagy LM ; Kaloupek DG ; Gusman FD ; Charney DS ; Keane TM. The development of a Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. J Trauma Stress 1995;8(1):75-90.
Blanchard EB ; Hickling EJ ; Taylor AE ; Forneris CA ; Loos W ; Jaccard J. Effects of varying scoring rules of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) for the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims. Behav Res Ther 1995;33(4):471-5.
Hoven JE ; van der Ploeg HM ; Klaarenbeek MT ; Bramsen I ; Schreuder JN ; Rivero VV. The assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder: with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale : Dutch results. J Clin Psychol 1994;50(3):325-340.
Resources
<a href="http://www.wpspublish.com/Inetpub4/w01.htm">Western Psychological Services</a>
<a href="http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pages/assessments/caps.asp">National Center for PTSD page about the CAPS</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Clinician-Administered+PTSD+Scale%22">PubMed search: Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20403%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents (CAPS-CA)</a>
SourceInfo
Western Psychological Services
APA
National Center for PTSD
InstrumentType
Screening
Diagnostic test
Clinician-administered interview
Psychological assessment
Recommended
APA
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1990
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
Clinician administered.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAPS_inst

AccessNo
76
Name
College Alcohol Problems Scale - Revised
Acronym
CAPS-r
Developer
O'Hare, Tom
Description
The CAPS-r is an 8-item self-report scale (the original CAPS had 10 items). In clinical settings, the CAPS-r can be used as an initial screen to estimate the relative frequency with which clients experience drinking-related personal and social problems. As part of a survey or evaluation instrument battery, the CAPS-r can provide a brief, valid, reliable, and useful way to capture the relative frequency of personal and social consequences of drinking in college students. It takes approximately 2-3 minutes to administer this instrument and it can be scored immediately. The CAPS-r is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered and interview formats.
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted. There is no cost for use. A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers / 2nd edition," p.340-342.
Contact
Tom O'Hare, Ph.D.<br>
Boston College GSSW<br>
202 McGuinn Hall<br>
Chestnut Hill, MA 02167-3807<br>
<a href="mailto:oharet@bc.edu">oharet@bc.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\College Alcohol Problems Scale 76.pdf
SourceRef
Maddock JE ; Laforge RG ; Rossi JS ; O'Hare T. The College Alcohol Problems Scale. Addictive Behaviors 2001;26: 385-398.
OtherRef
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
O'Hare T. Measuring problem drinking in first time offenders: development and validation of the College Alcohol Problem Scale (CAPS). Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1997;14: 383-387.
O'Hare T. Replicating the College Alcohol Problem Scale (CAPS) with college first offenders. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 1998;43: 75-82.
O'Hare T ; Sherrer MV. Drinking problems, alcohol expectancies and drinking contexts in college first offenders. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 1998;43: 31-45.
Talbott LL; Umstattd MR; Usdan SL; Martin RR; Geiger BF. Validation of the College Alcohol Problem Scale-revised (CAPS-r) for use with non-adjudicated first-year students. Addictive Behaviors 2009; 34(5):471-473.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CAPS%20/%20College%20Alcohol%20Problem*%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: College Alcohol Problems Scale (CAPS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/19_CAPSr.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1997
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Norms are available for this instrument -- it was normed on general college populations. The original CAPS (10 items) was normed on college first offenders. Distributions are based on limited college studies and data can be used to tentatively benchmark "average" problems.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the CAPS-r using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAPS-r_inst

AccessNo
77
Name
Common Alcohol Logistics Scale
Acronym
CAL
Developer
Davis, Leo J.
Offord, Kenneth P.
Colligan, Robert C.
Morse, Robert M.
Description
The CAL was developed from 33 items embedded in the item pool of the original MMPI. It was developed specifically for alcoholism screening among both female and male medical patients. Items were selected by logistic regression and have various item-weights attached to scorable responses.
Availability
This instrument is no longer available.
SourceRef
Davis LJ; Offord KP; Colligan RC; Morse RM. The CAL: An MMPI alcoholism scale for general medical patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1991; 47(5): 632-646.
OtherRef
Colligan RC; Davis LJ; Morse RM; Offord KP. Screening medical patients for alcoholism with the MMPI: A comparison of seven scales. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1988;4: 582-592.
Colligan RC; Offord KP; Morse RM; Davis LJ. Alcoholism screening with direct and indirect measured, the combined use of the CAL scale and the SAAST. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 1997;12(4): 300-301.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CAL%20/%20Common+Alcohol+Logistics+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Common Alcohol Logistics Scale (CAL)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (no longer included)
InstrumentType
Screening
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1991
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAL_inst

AccessNo
80
Name
Composite Quantity Frequency Index
Acronym
CQF
Developer
Polich, J.M.
Orvis, B.R.
Description
QF methods, such as the Composite Quantity Frequency Index, are among the earliest measures to assess alcohol consumption. These methods, of which there are many variants, are known as estimation formulae because they ask people to report their "average" consumption pattern -- to estimate (i.e. average) on how many days per week they drank, and how much they typically consumed on a given drinking day. Drinking parameters (e.g. total amount consumed, mean number of drinks per day) are calculated based on the aggregate questions (e.g. "How many days on average -- in a specified time interval -- did you drink beer, and when you drank beer, on average how many beers did you drink?"). Such methods usually do not inquire about occasional high- and low-drinking days, and many do not correct for days when more than one type of alcoholic beverage was consumed (e.g. three beers and two glasses of wine on the same day). QF methods are most useful when time is limited and information about atypical drinking is not required. Although variants of QF methods have been designed to have more clinical utility (i.e. to include questions addressing multiple beverage use and extremes of drinking), these modified QF procedures can take 10 to 15 minutes to collect drinking information over the past 90 days. This negates the major advantage of QF methods -- their brevity.
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted and can be used freely. ADAI does not have a complete copy of this scale; the link below is for a sample question version only.
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/cqfi.pdf
ADAI
Sample questions: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Composite Quantity Frequency Index SAMPLE QUESTIONS 80.pdf [NIAAA version]
SourceRef
Polich JM; Orvis BR. Alcohol Problems: Patterns and Prevalence in the U.S. Air Force. Santa Monica, CA : The Rand Corporation, 1979.
OtherRef
Lemmens P; Tan ES; Knibbe RA. Measuring quantity and frequency of drinking in a general population survey: A comparison of 5 indices. J Stud Alcohol 1992;53:476-486.
Midanik LT. Comparing usual quantity/frequency and graduated frequency scales to assess yearly alcohol consumption: Results from the 1990 United States National Alcohol Survey. Addiction 1994;89:407-412.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CQF%20/%20Composite+Quantity+Frequency+Index%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Composite Quantity Frequency Index (CQF)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/52A_QF.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Assessment
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1979
InstURLHost
NIAAA (sample questions only)
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CQF_inst

AccessNo
91
Name
Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Inventory
Acronym
DALI
Developer
Rosenberg, Stanley D.
Drake, Robert E.
Wolford, George L.
Mueser, Kim T.
Oxman, Thomas E.
Vidaver, Robert M.
Carrieri, Karen L.
Luckoor, Ravindra
Description
The Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Instrument (DALI), is a brief, easy to use, 18-item screening tool designed to assess substance abuse among individuals with mental illness. Items in the scale cover alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use, and ask questions such as "how much money have you spent on [drug] in the last 6 months?" or "how long was your last period of voluntary abstinence from [drug]?" The instrument takes about six minutes to administer and is tailored for psychiatric patients in acute-care settings. The DALI exhibits high classification accuracy for both alcohol and drug (cannabis and cocaine) use disorders. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that the DALI functioned significantly better than traditional instruments for both alcohol and drug use disorders.
This instrument is satisfactory for use with detained psychiatric patients.
Availability
This instrument is in the public domain.
Contact
Stanley D. Rosenberg <br>
<a href="mailto:Stanley.D.Rosenberg@Dartmouth.edu">Stanley.D.Rosenberg@Dartmouth.edu</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Dartmouth_Assessment_of_Lifestyle_Inventory_91.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Dartmouth_Assessment_of_Lifestyle_Inventory_91.pdf
Print copy in instrument binder.
SourceRef
Rosenberg SD; Drake RE; Wolford GL; et al. Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Instrument (DALI): A substance use disorder screen for people with severe mental illness. Am J Psychiatry 1998; 155(2):232-238. <a href="http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/155/2/232">Download article free online</a>.
OtherRef
Deady M. A Review of Screening, Assessment and Outcome Measures for Drug and Alcohol Settings. NSW Health Department, 2009, 225p. Free online: <a href="http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=172701">http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=172701</a>.
Ford P. An evaluation of the Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Inventory and the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire for use among detained psychiatric inpatients. Addiction 2003;98(1):111-118.
Osher FC, Goldberg RW, Goodman LA, Rosenberg SD. Hepatitis C and individuals with serious mental illnesses. Psychiatric Annals 2003;33(6):394-400.
Long CG; Hollin CR. Assessing comorbid substance use in detained psychiatric patients: issues and instruments for evaluating treatment outcome. Substance Use and Misuse 2009; 44(11):1602-1641.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DALI%20/%20Dartmouth%20Assessment%20Of%20Lifestyle%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Inventory (DALI)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference and a copy of the instrument itself
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Assessment
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1998
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
name changed from Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Instrument to Inventory
AdminScoring
There are 10 questions on alcohol use disorder and 8 questions on drug use disorder. A high positive score in the DALI gives a high probabliity that the patient meets DSM-IV cirteria for recent substance use disorder. Scores on alcohol scale range from -4 to +6. Cut off score = 2. Alcohol use disorders scores on drug scale range -4 to +4. Cut off score= -1 or above. The test takes less than 5 minutes to complete. The DALI is sensitive to missing data.
ValidRely
Valid and reliable
Status
public
Population
Adults
Co-occurring clients
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DALI_inst

AccessNo
99
Name
Drinking Context Scale
Acronym
DCS
Developer
O'Hare, Tom
Description
The DCS measures the self-reported likelihood of drinking excessively in three contexts: convivial circumstances, intimate circumstances, and coping with negative emotion. In clinical settings, the DCS can be used as an initial screen to estimate the likelihood of young persons drinking excessively in certain circumstances, an important consideration since the consequences of youthful problem drinking are highly dependent on contest. Researchers will find the DCS suitable for testing hypotheses about drinking behavior and drinking context. As part of a survey or evaluation instrument battery, the DCS-23 and DCS-9 both provide a brief, valid, reliable, and useful way to capture high-risk drinking in college-age young people.
The original version has 23 items; there is also a 9-item version. This instrument takes approximately 5-10 minutes to administer and is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered or interview format.
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted.
Contact
Tom O'Hare, Ph.D.<br>
Boston College GSSW<br>
202 McGuinn Hall<br>
Chestnut Hill, MA 02167-3807<br>
<a href="mailto:oharet@bc.edu">oharet@bc.edu</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drinking_Context_Scale_99.pdf
ADAI
A complete copy of this instrument (both the 23-item and 9-item versions) can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems" (HV 5279 N38 A8 2003 REF INST), p. 361-362.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drinking_Context_Scale_99.pdf
[from NIAAA, 23- and 9-item versions]
SourceRef
O'Hare T. Measuring excessive alcohol use in college drinking contexts : the Drinking Context Scale. Addictive Behaviors 1997;22:469-477.
OtherRef
O'Hare T. The Drinking Context Scale : a confirmatory analysis. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2001;20:129-136.
O'Hare T. Alcohol expectancies and excessive drinking contexts in young adults. Social Work Research 1998;22:44-50.
O'Hare T ; Sherrer MV. Drinking problems, alcohol expectancies and drinking contexts in college first offenders. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 1997;43:31-45.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DCS%20/%20Drinking+Context+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drinking Context Scale (DCS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/25_DCS.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1997
InstURLHost
ADAI (23- and 9-item versions)
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument. Any professional can administer the DCS.
Scoring can be done immediately by either the respondent or a professional. Norms are not available for this instrument. It has been used primarily with college students. Subscale means can provide a benchmark for comparison. See source reference for subscales.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the DCS using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DCS_inst

AccessNo
105
Name
Drug Abuse Screening Test
Acronym
DAST
Developer
Skinner, Harvey A.
Description
The Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST) was designed to provide a brief instrument for clinical and non-clinical screening to detect drug abuse or dependence disorders. It is most useful in settings in which seeking treatment for drug use problems is not the patient's stated goal. The DAST provides a quantitative index of the severity of problems related to drug abuse other than alcohol. DAST scores are highly diagnostic with respect to a DSM diagnosis of psychoactive drug dependence. The DAST is available in both 20-item and 10-item formats; an Adolescent version is also available.

<p>In addition, the DAST provides a general measure of lifetime problem severity that can be used to guide further inquiry into drug-related problems and to help determine treatment intensity. It takes about 5 minutes to administer the DAST-20 and 2 minutes to score the DAST-10.

<p>NOTE re: history and alternate names: The orginal measure had 28 items and was adapted from the MAST. The 20-item version of the DAST was found to have psychometric properties comparable with the 28-item version, and is now commonly referred to as the DAST, or DAST-20. The DAST is also known as the Drug Use Questionnaire (DUQ) (DUQ-20 and DUQ-10).

<p>The DAST-10 was selected in 2012 by a group of researchers from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN) to serve as the recommended assessment tool for use in general medical settings. For more information, see <a href="http://ctndisseminationlibrary.org/display/819.htm">http://ctndisseminationlibrary.org/display/819.htm</a>.
Availability
© Copyright 1982 by Harvey A. Skinner, PhD, and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada. You may reproduce this instrument for non-commercial use (clinical, research, training purposes) as long as you credit the author Dr. Harvey A. Skinner, Dean, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Canada. Email: <a href="mailto:harvey.skinner@yorku.ca">harvey.skinner@yorku.ca</a>
Contact
Dr. Harvey A. Skinner, Dean, Faculty of Health, York University, Toronto, Canada. <a href="mailto:harvey.skinner@yorku.ca">harvey.skinner@yorku.ca</a>.
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drug_Abuse_Screening_Test_105.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drug_Abuse_Screening_Test_105.pdf [DAST-20]
Print copy in binders (source reference with scale items).
SourceRef
Skinner HA. The Drug Abuse Screening Test. Addict Behav 1982;7(4):363-367.
OtherRef
Giguere CE, Potvin S. The Drug Abuse Screening Test preserves its excellent psychometric properties in psychiatric patients evaluated in an emergency setting. Addict Behav 2016;64:165-170. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.042
Sakai LM, Esposito TJ, Ton-That HH, et al. Comparison of objective screening and self-report for alcohol and drug use in traumatically injured patients. Alcohol Treat Q 2012;30:433-442. [DAST is the self-report tool used for comparison]
Grekin ER, Svikis DS, Lam P, Connors V, LeBreton JM, et al. Drug use during pregnancy: Validating the Drug Abuse Screening Test against physiological measures. Psychol Addict Behav 2010;24(4):719-723. [about the DAST-10]
Cassidy CM, Schmitz N, Malla A. Validation of the alcohol use disorders identification test and the drug abuse screening test in first episode psychosis. Can J Psychiatry 2008;53(1):26-33.
Yudko E; Lozhkina O; Fouts A. A comprehensive reivew of the psychometric properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test. J Subst Abuse Treat 2007;32(2):189-198.
Staley D, El-Guebaly N. Psychometric properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test in a psychiatric patient population. Addict Behav 1990;15:257-264.



Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Drug+Abuse+Screening+Test%20/%20DAST%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Drug+Abuse+Screening+Test%22">PubMed search: Drug Abuse Screening Test</a>
RelatedInst
Drug Abuse Screening Test, Short Form (DAST-10)
SourceInfo
source reference
APA, p. 464-5
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
APA
EIB
TIP 16
TIP 42
CAMH
EnteredBy
MB, PM, NS
EntryDate
200503
Year
1982
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Not on APA CD-ROM. Detailed psychometric information can be found in the APA book.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
CONFIRMED copyright info from Harvey Skinner, April 2011.
AdminScoring
No special training is required for administration of this instrument. (APA)
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
The DAST appears to be a useful instrument for measuring drug involvement and problems associated with the abuse of drugs other than alcohol. It evidenced high internal consistency reliability and good item-total scale correlations in a diverse psychiatric patient population. A diagnostic validity analysis of the DAST indicated that it attained a maximum overall accuracy of 89% in classifying patients according to DSM-III Substance Abuse diagnosis. It also has high sensitivity and specificity. Details on these psychometric measures can be found in the Staley, el-Guebaly 1990 article.
Status
public
Population
Adults
College students
Pregnant women
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DAST_inst

AccessNo
106
Name
Drug and Alcohol Problem Quick Screen
Acronym
DAP Quick Screen
Developer
Schwartz, Richard H.
Wirtz, Philip W.
Description
This 30-item screening questionnaire, written at the sixth grade reading level, has a yes/no/uncertain response format. The DAP was tested in a pediatric setting (Schwartz & Wirtz, 1990), in which the authors report that about 15% of the respondents said yes to 6 or more items. From this, they determine the cut-off score for "problem" drug use to be inclusive of 6 or more responses of yes to the items on the scale. The items contribute to the score, however the validity and reliability of this test are not available.
Availability
This measure is in the public domain.
Contact
Richard H. Schwartz, M.D.<br>
410 Maple Avenue West<br>
Vienna, VA 22180<br>
tel: 703-338-2244
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drug_and_Alcohol_Problem_Quick_Screen_106.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Drug_and_Alcohol_Problem_Quick_Screen_106.pdf
SourceRef
Schwartz RH; Wirtz PW. Potential substance abuse detection among adolescent patients. Using the Drug and Alcohol Problem (DAP) Quick Screen, a 30-item questionnaire. Clinical Pediatrics 1990;29:38-43.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DAP+Quick+Screen%20/%20Drug+%26+ Alcohol+Problem+%26+Quick+Screen%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug and Alcohol Problem Quick Screen (DAP Quick Screen)</a>
SourceInfo
DrugStrategies.org; EIB
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
EIB
TIP 31
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1990
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
See EIB record
AdminScoring
10 minutes to complete and score.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DAP-Quick_inst

AccessNo
110
Name
Drug Use Screening Inventory - Revised
Acronym
DUSI-R
Developer
Tarter, Ralph E.
Description
The DUSI-R measures severity of problems in 10 domains : (1) substance abuse, (2) psychiatric disorder, (3) behavior problems, (4) school adjustment, (5) health status, (6) work adjustment, (7) peer relations, (8) social competency, (9) family adjustment, and (10) leisure/recreation. It documents drug and alcohol use, preferred substance, and substance with which users report the greatest problem. The DUSI-R also contains a "lie scale," used for reliability purposes to ensure honesty in the respondents or identify inconsistencies within the responses.
The output is in the form of two profiles: (1) a profile indexing absolute severity of disorder (0 to 100 percent); and (2) a relative problem index ranking the order of severity in the 10 domains. An overall problem density score, ranging from 0 to 100 percent, documents severity of maladjustment. The DUSI-R is used for measuring current status, identifying areas in need of prevention, and evaluating the magnitude of change after a treatment intervention. It is particularly useful for evaluating known or suspected alcohol/drug users, matching specific treatments to specific problems, and identifying youth in need of prevention.
In clinical settings, the DUSI-R can be used for case identification, diagnosis in the ten areas, treatment monitoring for change, and follow-up assessment. Researchers can apply the DUSI-R to obtain quantification of severity in the ten domains and in studies of heterogeneity of subtypes, patient-treatment matching, epidemiological surveys, and needs assessments.
The DUSI-R is available in three formats: pencil-and-paper self-administered; interview; and computer-based self-administered. The self-administered versions require at least a fifth-grade reading level. The DUSI-R has 159 items and takes approximately 20-40 minutes to administer.
Availability
The DUSI-R is copyrighted. Cost for use is $5 each for paper or online questionnaires. The online version automates scoring and provides access to reports for monitoring client progress over time (software license $250/year). Purchase from eCenter Research <a href="http://www.yourhealthcheck.org/">http://www.yourhealthcheck.org/</a>.
Contact
Dr. Steve Weatherbee<br>
eCenter Research<br>
<a href="mailto:steve@ecenterresearch.com">steve@ecenterresearch.com</a><br>
866-480-2716 ext. 201
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder (of the original DUSI).
Original DUSI: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Drug Use Screening Inventory 110.pdf
SourceRef
Tarter R. Evaluation and treatment of adolescent substance abuse : A decision tree method. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 1990;16:1-46.
OtherRef
Conway KP; Levy J; Vanyukov M; Chandler R; Rutter J; Swan GE; Neale M. Measuring addiction propensity and severity: the need for a new instrument. [Review] Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010;111(1-2):4-12.
Kirisci L; Tarter R; Reynold M. The "Violence Proneness Scale" of the DUSI-R predicts adverse outcomes associated with substance abuse. American Journal on Addictions 2009;18(2):173-177.
Tarter RE; Kirisci L. Validity of the Drug Use Screening Inventory for predicting DSM-III-R substance use disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 2001;10(4):45-53.
De Micheli D; Formigoni M. Screening of drug use in a teenage Brazilian sample using the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI). Addictive Behaviors 2000;25(5):683-691.
Tarter R; Kirisci L. The Drug Use Screening Inventory for adults : psychometric structure and discriminative sensitivity. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 1997;23:207-219.
Kirisci L; Mezzich A; Tarter R. Norms and sensitivity of the adolescent version of the Drug Use Screening Inventory. Addictive Behaviors 1995;20:149-157.
Tarter R; Hegedus AM. The Drug Use Screening Inventory: Its applications in the evaluation and treatment of alcohol and other drug abuse. Alcohol Health & Research World 1991;15(1):65-75. [Contains a copy of the scale.]
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DUSI%20/%20Drug+Use+Screening+Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug Use Screening Inventory-Revised (DUSI)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/32_DUSI-R.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="http://www.dusi.com/">Official Drug Use Screening Inventory-Revised web site</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Drug+Use+Screening+Inventory%22">PubMed search: Drug Use Screening Inventory</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
Chinet
TIP 31
InstrumentType
Screening
Assessment
Treatment planning
Outcome evaluation
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 31
NFATTC
NIDA SI
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1990
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
<p>
Scoring can be done manually by examiner (paper version), or fully automated in real time (online version). Norms are available (on adolescents) and the instrument has been normed on subgroups using two profiles: (1) absolute problem severity in 10 domains, and (2) relative problem severity in which each person's unique configuration is ranked. Overall problem density index is also obtained. Ranking severity of problems from 0 to 100 percent enables identifying and prioritizing intervention and resources.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the DUSI-R using test-retest, split half, and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”), and constructs.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Bukstein article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DUSI-R_inst

AccessNo
114
Name
Exercise Addiction Inventory
Acronym
EAI
Developer
Terry, Annabel
Szabo, Attila
Griffiths, Mark D.
Description
The Exercise Addiction Inventory is a short form inventory that was developed to quickly and easily identify people at risk from exercise addiction. The EAI Short Form consists of six items ranked on a scale of 1 to 5 (where 1 is "strongly disagree" and 5 is "strongly agree"). Items include "Exercise is the most important thing in my life" and "If I have to miss an exercise session, I feel moody and irritable." The instrument has been demonstrated to be psychometrically sound, with good internal reliability, content validity, concurrent validity, and construct validity. The scale has been found useful in a variety of settings, including as a self-assessment.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. The instrument is printed in the source article.
Contact
Mark Griffiths<br>
International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division<br>
Nottingham Trent University<br>
Burton Street<br>
Nottingham NG1 4BU, United Kingdom<br>
<a href="mailto:mark.griffiths@ntu.ac.uk">mark.griffiths@ntu.ac.uk</a>
ADAI
Copy of instrument is in source article (ADAI jl).
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Exercise Addiction Inventory 114.pdf
[from source reference]
SourceRef
Terry A; Szabo A; Griffiths M. The Exercise Addiction Inventory: A new brief screening tool. Addiction Research and Theory 2004;12(5):489-499. [includes a copy of the instrument]
OtherRef
Lichetenstein MB, Jensen TT. Exercise addiction in CrossFit: Prevalence and psychometric properties of the Exercise Addiction Inventory. Addict Behav Rep 2016;3:33-37.
Griffiths MD; Szabo A; Terry A. The exercise addiction inventory: a quick and easy screening tool for health practitioners. Br J Sports Med 2005;39(6):e30.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20EAI%20/%20Exercise+Addiction+Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2004
AdminScoring
The EAI takes about a minute to complete and is easy to score. A score of 0-12 suggests an asymptomatic individual, 13-23 a symptomatic one, and 24 or greater, an individual at ris.
ValidRely
Reliability was found to have a Cronbach's alpha of 0.84, with good test-retest reliability at two weeks. The scale was also found to have strong concurrent validity with the Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire and the Exercise Dependence Scale. For more psychometric information, see Terry et al 2004 and Griffiths et al 2005.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/EAI_inst

AccessNo
115
Name
Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence
Acronym
FTND
FTN
FTQ
mFTQ
FTCD
Developer
Fagerstrom, Karl-Olov
Heatherton, Todd F.
Kozlowski, Lynn T.
Frecker, Richard C.
Description
The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence was designed to provide an ordinal measure of nicotine dependence related to cigarette smoking. It contains six items that evaluate the quantity of cigarette consumption, the compulsion to use, and dependence. It is useful as a screen for nicotine dependence and as a severity rating that can be used for treatment planning and prognostic judgments. The brevity and easy scoring of the FTND make it an efficient way to obtain clinically meaningful information. It can also be incorporated into general health and lifestyle screening questionnaires in clinical and nonclinical settings. This instrument is a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ). It takes 2 minutes or less to administer the FTND and 2 minutes or less to score it.
The Modified Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (mFTQ; Prokhorov et al., 1998) is an adapted version of a scale originally designed to assess behavioral indicators of physical dependence on nicotine among adult smokers (FTQ). It includes a modified set of adult symptoms for adolescents to address graded levels of smoking behavior, avoidance of the physiological effects of nicotine deprivation, and perceived difficulty refraining when prevented from smoking. It has been shown to predict continued smoking, quantity and frequencey of tobacco use, and shorter periods of abstinence from smoking over time.
The FTND is sometimes also called the FTCD -- Fagerstrom Test for Cigarette Dependence.
Availability
Copyright 1991, Taylor & Francis Ltd. The FTN is copyrighted but can be reproduced without permission and is available in the Source Reference (Heatherton et.al. 1991). A French translation is available, and administration by telephone has been reported (Pomerleau et.al. 1994). Chinese (Yamada H, 2009) and Italian version have also been studied.
Contact
Taylor & Francis Ltd.<br>
Main Headquarters<br>
11 New Fetter Lane<br>
London, Ec4P 4EE United Kingdom<br>
<a href="http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals">http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Fagerstrom_Test_for_Nicotine_Dependence_115.pdf
ADAI
Source reference.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Fagerstrom_Test_for_Nicotine_Dependence_115.pdf [formatted for SDS]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence 115.pdf [from source reference]
SourceRef
Heatherton TF; Kozlowski LT; Frecker RC; Fagerstrom KO. The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence : a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict 1991;86(9):1119-1127.
OtherRef
Carpenter MJ; Baker NL; Gray KM; Upadhyaya HP. Assessment of nicotine dependence among adolescent and young adult smokers: a comparison of measures. Addictive Behaviors 2010;35(11):977-982.
Courvoisier DS; Etter J. Comparing the predictive validity of five cigarette dependence questionnaires. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010; 107(2-3):128-133.
Courvoisier D; Etter J. Using item response theory to study the convergent and discriminant validity of three questionnaires measuring cigarette dependence. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):391-401.
Rios-Bedoya CF, Snedecor SM, Pomerleau CS, Pomerleau OF. Association of withdrawal features with nicotine dependence as measured by the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Addict Behav 2008;33(8):1086-9.
Kleinjan M; van den Eijnden RJJM; van Leeuwe J; Otten R; Brug J; Engels RCME. Factorial and convergent validity of nicotine dependence measures in adolescents: Toward a multidimensional approach. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2007;9(11):1109-1118.
Pomerleau CS, Carton SM, Lutzke ML, et.al. Reliability of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. Addict Behav 1994;19(1):33-39.
Piper ME; McCarthy DE; Baker TB. Assessing tobacco dependence : a guide to measure evaluation and selection. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2006;8(3):339-351.
Prokhorov AV; Koehly LM; Pallonen UE; Hudmon KS. Adolescent nicotine dependence measured by the modified Fagerstrom tolerance questionnaire at two time points. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 1998;7(4):35-47.

Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20FTND%20/%20%28Fagerstrom%20Test%20%26%20Nicotine%20Dependence%29%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Fagerstrom+Test+for+Nicotine+Dependence%22">PubMed Search: Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20418%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence - Smokeless Tobacco</a>
SourceInfo
Source reference
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
APA
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1991
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No training is required to administer and score the instrument.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
The FTND has good test–retest reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Internal consistency was better for the FTND than for the FTQ. Detailed psychometric information can be found in the Supporting References below.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Smokers
Adolescents
College students
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/FTND_inst

AccessNo
119
Name
Fast Alcohol Screening Test
Acronym
FAST
Developer
Hodgson, Ray J.
John, Bev
Abbasi, Tina
Hodgson, Rachel C.
Waller, Seta
Thom, Betsy
Newcombe, Robert G.
Description
The FAST is a 4-question screening instrument designed for use in busy medical centers, though it has been shown to be reliable in other settings as well. It was developed from the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). A significant feature is the ability of the first question to identify 50% of patients as either alcohol abusers or not. The total test takes approximately 12 seconds to administer and was consistently reliable when sensitivity and specificity were tested against AUDIT as the gold standard.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. The FAST manual (which includes the FAST and scoring sheets) can be found at: <a href="http://alcoholresearchuk.org/downloads/finalReports/AERC_FinalReport_0005.pdf">http://alcoholresearchuk.org/downloads/finalReports/AERC_FinalReport_0005.pdf</a>.
Contact
Ray Hodgson<br>
<a href="mailto:ray@southerns.net">ray@southerns.net</a>
InstURL
http://alcoholresearchuk.org/downloads/finalReports/AERC_FinalReport_0005.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Fast Alcohol Screening Test 119.pdf
[manual and test, downloaded from AERC site]
SourceRef
Hodgson RJ; Alwyn T; John B; Thom B; Smith A. The Fast Alcohol Screening Test. Alcohol & Alcoholism 2002;37(1):61-66.
OtherRef
Meneses-Gaya C, Crippa JA, Zuardi AW, Loureiro SR, Hallak JE, Trzesniak C, Machado de Sousa JP, Chagas MH, Souza RM, Martín-Santos R. The Fast Alcohol Screening Test (FAST) is as good as the AUDIT to screen alcohol use disorders.
Substance Use & Misuse 2010;45(10):1542-57.
Aalto M; Tuunanen M; Sillanaukee P; Seppa K. Effectiveness of structured questionnaires for screening heavy drinking in middle-aged women. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2006;30(11):1884-1888.
Hodgson RJ; John B; Abbasi T; et al. Fast screening for alcohol misuse. Addictive Behaviors 2003;28:1453-1463.
Linke S; Harrison R; Wallace P. A web-based intervention used in general practice for people with excessive alcohol consumption. J Telemed Telecare 2005; 11(Suppl 1):39-41.
Linke S; Brown A; Wallace P. Down your drink: A web-based intervention for people with excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol Alcohol 2004;39(1):29-32.
Meneses-Gaya C; Zuardi AW; Loureiro SR; Hallak JEC; Trzesniak C; de Azevedo Marques JM; Machado-de-Sousa JP; Chagas MHN; Souza RM; Crippa JAS. Is the full version of the AUDIT really necessary? Study of the validity and internal construct of its abbreviated versions. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2010;34(8):1417-1424.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Fast+Screening+for+Alcohol+Misuse%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Fast Alcohol Screening Test (FAST)</a>
RelatedInst
AUDIT
CAGE
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2003
InstURLHost
Alcohol Education and Research Council (AERC)
AdminScoring
The FAST has high sensitivity and specificity even though it is very quick to administer, and therefore cheap. It is especially useful in clinics with a high prevalence of alcohol misusers, such as emergency rooms.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/FAST_inst

AccessNo
120
Name
Mother-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test
Acronym
M-SMAST
Developer
Crews, Timothy M.
Sher, Kenneth J.
Description
This 13-question variations on the Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST) assess an individual's mother's lifetime alcohol abuse and can be used to identify children of alcoholics for both clinical and research purposes. The M-SMAST has strong psychometric properties. it is a pencil-and-paper self-administered questionnaire and takes under 10 minutes total to administer and score and interpret.
Availability
This instrument is in the public domain.
Contact
Kenneth J. Sher, Ph.D<br>
Department of Psychological Sciences<br>
University of Missouri-Columbia<br>
200 South 7th St.<br>
Columbia, MO 65211
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Mother_Father_Short_Michigan_Alcoholism_Screening_Test_120_294.pdf
ADAI
A complete is available in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems" (HV 5279 N38 A8 2003 REF INST), p. 239-240.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Mother_Father_Short_Michigan_Alcoholism_Screening_Test_120_294.pdf [from NIAAA, both Mother and Father versions]
SourceRef
Crews TM ; Sher KJ. Using adapted short MASTs for assessing parental alcoholism: Reliability and validity. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 16, 576-584, 1992.
OtherRef
Cummings SF ; Griffin JA. Identifying offspring of problem-drinking parents: Comparison of five self-report measures. Substance Use & Misuse 1999; 34(13): 1817-1836.
Hodgins DC ; Shimp L. Identifying adult children of alcoholics - Methodological review and comparison of the CAST-6 with other methods. Addiction 1995; 90(2): 255-267.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20M+SMAST%20/%20Mother+Short+Michigan%20Alcoholism%20Screening%20Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Mother-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (M-SMAST)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/01_ASMAST.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20226%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20156%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20294%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Father-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
InstURLHost
ADAI (Mother- and Father- versions)
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring is done by hand. A SAS program is available to provide further scoring information. Norms are not available and the instrument has not been normed on subgroups.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done, using test-retest, split half, and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct. Both the F-SMAST and the M-SMAST have demonstrated high reliability and validity. Detailed psychometric information is available in the Source Reference above.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/M-SMAST_inst

AccessNo
121
Name
Five-Shot Questionnaire
Developer
Seppa, Kaija
Lepisto, Jaana
Sillanaukee, Pekka
Description
This 5-item, self-administered questionnaire was developed to recognize heavy alcohol drinking in its early phase. A combination of AUDIT and CAGE questions, Five-Shot only takes 1 minute to fill in. It has only been studied among male early-phase heavy drinkers in Finland and among men and women in Belgium.
In clinical settings, the Five-Shot is useful because it is short and easy to fill in. It is recommended especially for use by primary health care GPs and family physicians. More studies are needed to find out its validity and reliability especially among women and in different cultures. This instrument is not applicable for research purposes as a "gold standard."
Availability
This instrument is copyrighted. There is no charge for use. It is available in English, Belgian, and Finnish.
Contact
Kaija Seppa<br>
Medical School<br>
Department of General Practice<br>
FIN-33014 University of Tampere<br>
Finland<br>
tel: 358 50 3739818
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Five_Shot_Questionnaire_121.pdf
ADAI
A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems" (HV 5279 N38 A8 2003 REF INST), p. 413.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Five_Shot_Questionnaire_121.pdf [from NIAAA]
A complete copy of this instrument can be found in (De Rick, 2007). (See Other refs)
SourceRef
Seppa K, Lepisto J, Sillanaukee P. Five-Shot Questionnaire on heavy drinking. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1998;22(8):1788-1791
OtherRef
De Rick A, Vanheule S. Pilot study: Does the Five Shot Questionnaire give an indication of the severity of alcohol use-related problems? Subst Use Misuse 2007; 42(10):1593 - 1601.
Seppa K, Makela R, Sillanaukee P. Effectiveness of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test in occupational health screenings. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1995: 19(4):999-1003.
Meneses-Gaya C; Zuardi AW; Loureiro SR; Hallak JEC; Trzesniak C; de Azevedo Marques JM; Machado-de-Sousa JP; Chagas MHN; Souza RM; Crippa JAS. Is the full version of the AUDIT really necessary? Study of the validity and internal construct of its abbreviated versions. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2010;34(8):1417-1424.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Five+Shot+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Five-Shot Questionnaire</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/34_Five-Shot.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</A>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1998
InstURLHost
ADAI
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
The Five-Shot can be scored by a nurse or physician in about a minute. Norms are available and the instrument has also been normed on the following subgroups: moderate and heavy drinkers, and alcoholics.
ValidRely
Some validity and reliability studies have been done.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/Five-Shot_inst

AccessNo
150
Name
MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale
Acronym
MAC / MAC-R
Developer
MacAndrew, Craig
Description
The MAC is designed to screen for alcoholism using "covert content items," i.e., items which do not directly mention drinking. Instead, the scale items tap personality traits and attitudinal characteristics frequently associated with substance abuse, while not asking about alcohol (or drug use) itself. The scale is embedded in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), but it can also be administered separately. MAC scores do not change significantly with addiction treatment (Gallucci et al, 1989).<p>
A review by Craig (2005) concludes that the MAC/MAC-R does well in distriminating persons who abuse substances from non-clinical, non-abusing groups. However, it appears to lose diagnositic efficacy with psychiatric patients or medical patients with seizure disorders. The MAC could also be used in research on personality characteristics of alcoholics.
The MAC consists of 49 items in self-administered pencil-and-paper or computerized format. Administering the test takes approximately 10 minutes and can be done by a nonprofessional.
<p>NOTE re: MAC-R: When the MMPI was re-standardized, four of the original items in the MAC were eliminated due to objectionable religious content; they were replaced with four new items which differentiated persons who abused alcohol from nonalcohol-abusing men and women.
Availability
Copyright 1989 by the University of Minnesota Press. Copies of the <a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/mmpi_2.htm">MMPI-2</a> or the <a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/mmpia.htm">MMPI-A</a>, which include the MAC-R as a supplementary scale, can be purchased from Pearson Assessments.
Contact
Pearson Assessments<br>
tel: 800-627-7271 (assessment instruments sales number)
<a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/index.htm">http://www.pearsonassessments.com/index.htm</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale 150.pdf [from NIAAA book]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale 150 SDS.pdf [SDS formatted version -- SDS is not currently offering this scale]
SourceRef
MacAndrew C. The differentiation of male alcoholic outpatients from non-alcoholic psychiatric outpatients by means of the MMPI. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol 26:238-246, 1965.
OtherRef
Craig RJ. Assessing contemporary substance aubsers with the MMPI MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale: A review. Substance Use & Misuse 2005; 40(4):427-450.
Cooper-Hakim A. A meta-analytic review of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale. Educational & Psychological Measurement 2002;62(5):818-829.
Smith SR, Hilsenroth MJ. Discriminative validity of the MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale with Cluster B personality disorders. J Clin Psychol 2001;57(6):801-13.
Gallucci NT ; Kay DC ; Thornby JI. The sensitivity of 11 substance abuse scales from the MMPI to change in clinical status. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 1989;3(1):29-33.
Gottesman LI ; Prescott CA. Abuses of the MacAndrew MMPI Alcoholism Scale : A critical review. Clinical Psychology Review 1989;9:223-242.
Preng KW ; Clopton JR. The MacAndrew Scale : Clinical application and theoretical issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1986;47:1090-1095.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20MacAndrew%20Alcoholism%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale (MAC)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/41_MAC.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22MacAndrew+Alcoholism+Scale%22">PubMed search: MacAndrew Alcoholism Scale</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1989
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by a nonprofessional in approximately 2-3 minutes. Norms are available and the instrument has been normed on subgroups of women and alcoholics with collateral drug problems.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the MAC using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”) and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
CESAR - DUI
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MAC_inst

AccessNo
151
Name
Marijuana Screening Inventory
Acronym
MSI
Developer
Alexander, Dale
Description
The Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI) is a cannabis-specific screening instrument. It was developed as a psychometrically reliable and valid tool for clinical use in general mental health and primary care settings. This self-report inventory takes approximately ten minutes to complete and consists of 31 Yes/No questions, which are scored, and eight additional items, which are not included in the total score. The instrument is now considered in its final form, with reliability and validity established in multiple studies with over 600 subjects. The MSI has been confirmed as reliable and valid, with an empirically determined scoring cut-off, using receiver operator curve analyses studies to validate the scoring system. The MSI has been employed in multiple settings and found to have clinical utility as a quick screen for assessing if client(s) have a problematic relationship with cannabis use. The MSI has been used for research with a general population sample, and within substance abuse specialty, mental health outpatient, and primary care settings. It is undergoing evaluation for translation and use in European countries.
Availability
Copyright 2003 by the Haworth Press, Inc. A copy of the instrument, with scoring instructions, is printed in the source document (Alexander, 2003).
Contact
Dale Alexander PhD, Associate Professor<br>
Graduate School of Social Work, University of Houston<br>
Houston, TX, 77204-4013<br>
<a href="mailto:dalexander@uh.edu">dalexander@uh.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Marijuana Screening Inventory 151.pdf [from source reference]
SourceRef
Alexander D. Clinical Pilot Experiences Using the Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI-X): Screening Guidelines and Case Illustrations. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions 2003;3(4), 29-51. [includes a copy of the scale]
OtherRef
Alexander D. A marijuana screening inventory (experimental version): Description and preliminary psychometric properties. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2003;29(3):619-646.
Alexander DE ; Leung P. The Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI-X): Reliability, factor structure, and scoring criteria with a clinical sample. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2004;30(2):321-351.
Alexander DE ; Leung P. The Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI-X): Concurrent, convergent and discriminant validity with multiple measures. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2006;32(3):351-378
Alexander D; Leung P. The Marijuana Screening Inventory (Experimental Version): Reliability Factor Structure, and Scoring Criterion with a Clinical Sample. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 2004;30(4):321-351.
Alexander, D. Marijuana Assessment Dilemmas: Time for Marijuana Specific Screening Methods? Social Work Practice in Addictions 2003; 3(4): 5-28.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20MSI%20/%20Marijuana+Screening+Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Marijuana Screening Inventory (MSI)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference & author corrections sent 6/7/08
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB, NS
EntryDate
200501
Year
2003
Notes
References and Valid/Rely field updated in Jan 2008 after an email from Dale Alexander (developer).
ValidRely
Research on the psychometrics of this cannabis screen has established the reliability, factor structure, discriminant, convergent and concurrent validities, with multiple samples, as well as empirical cut offs, sensitivity, specificity via ROC analysis, and concurrent validities. For details, see Alexander & Leung, 2006, and Alexander and Leung, 2004 in Supporting References below.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MSI_inst

AccessNo
152
Name
Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics
Marin Short Scale
Acronym
SASH
Developer
Marin, Gerardo
Sabogal, Fabio
Marin, Barbara V.
Description
This 12 item, 5 minute scale was developed to compensate for limitations of other acculturation measures by measuring acculturation specifically among Hispanic populations. It is a self-administered, self-report measure with five key variables: generation, length of residence, self-evaluation, acculturative index, and age of arrival. The SASH and the Marin Short Scale are the same instrument.
Availability
This scale is not copyrighted and can be used freely.
InstURL
http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/MARIN%20Short%20Scale.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Marin Short Scale 152.pdf [downloaded from CASAA site]
SourceRef
Marin G; Sabogal F; Marin BV. Development of a short acculturation scale for Hispanics. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 1987;9(2):183-205.
SourceInfo
George Warren Brown School of Social Work
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1987
InstURLHost
CASAA
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/Marin-Short-Scale_inst

AccessNo
156
Name
Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test
Acronym
MAST
Developer
Selzer, Melvin L.
Description
The MAST is one of the most widely used measures for assessing alcohol abuse. The measure is a 25-item questionnaire designed to provide a rapid and effective screening for lifetime alcohol-related problems and alcoholism. It is also useful in assessing the extent of lifetime alcohol-related consequences. Although not intended to be a complete measure of alcohol-related problems, the MAST provides a gross, general measure of lifetime problem severity that can be used for choosing treatment intensity and guiding further inquiry into alcohol-related problems. The MAST, which can be used in either a paper-and-pencil self-administered or interview format, has been productively used in a variety of settings, both research and clinical, with varied populations.
<p> The MAST can be administered in approximately 8 minutes and scored in 5 minutes.
Availability
This instrument is in the public domain. There is no fee for use. Also available are briefer versions of the MAST, including the 10-item Brief MAST (Pokorny et al., Am J Psychiatry, 1972;129:342-345), the 13-item Short MAST (SMAST), and a 9-item modified version called the Malmo modification (Mm-MAST) (Kristenson & Trell, Brit J Addict 1982;77:297-304).
Contact
Melvin L. Selzer, M.D.<br>
6967 Paseo Laredo<br>
LaJolla, CA 92037<br>
<a href="mailto:jmslzr@aol.com">jmslzr@aol.com</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Michigan_Alcoholism_Screening_Test_156.pdf
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Michigan_Alcoholism_Screening_Test_156.pdf [formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Selzer ML. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument. Am J Psychiatry 1971;127:1653-1658. [contains a copy of the instrument and scoring instructions]
OtherRef
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
Shields AL, Howell RT, Potter JS, Weiss RD. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test and its shortened form: a meta-analytic inquiry into score reliability. Subst Use Misuse 2007;42(11):1783-800.
Cavaiola AA, Strohmetz DB, Wolf JM, Lavender NJ. Comparison of DWI offenders with non-DWI individuals on the MMPI-2 and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test. Addict Behav 2003;28(5):971-7.
Easton CJ ; Swan S ; Sinha R. Prevalence of family violence in clients entering substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2000;18(1):23-28.
Lapham SC; Skipper BJ; Simpson GL. A prospective study of the utility of standardized instruments in predicting recidivism among first DWI offenders. J Stud Alcohol 1997; 58(5):524-30.
Maisto SA ; Connors GJ ; Allen JP. Contrasting self-report screens for alcohol problems : A review. Alcoholism : Clinical and Experimental Research 1995;19(6):1510-1516.
Zung BJ. Psychometric properties of the MAST and two briefer versions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1979;40(9):845-859.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Michigan%20Alcoholism%20Screening%20Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/42_MAST.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Michigan+Alcoholism+Screening+Test%22">PubMed search: Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20226%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (SMAST)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20294%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Father-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (F-SMAST)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20120%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Mother-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (M-SMAST)</a>
Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (Brief MAST)
Malmo-modification Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (Mm-MAST)
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 16
TIP 42
METRIC
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1971
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Detailed psychometric information can be found in the APA book.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by staff in approximately 5 minutes. Scoring instructions can be found in the source article (along with a copy of the scale).
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the MAST using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content and criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
DUI/DWI drivers
MatrixRecd
Dennis/Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MAST_inst

AccessNo
159
Name
Michigan Assessment Screening Test for Alcohol and Drugs
Acronym
MAST/AD
Developer
Westermeyer, Joseph
Yargic, Ilhan
Thuras, Paul
Description
The MAST/AD is a modification of the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test designed to include problems associated with other drug abuse/dependence besides alcohol. It consists of 24 questions, each taken directly from the MAST but edited to include a reference to drug use as well. For example, "Do you enjoy a drink now and then?" was changed to "Do you enjoy a drink or drug use now and then?" Answers are assigned a number of points, which are then tallied up at the end and compared to a scale. The lifetime MAST/AD demonstrates reliability as a severity measure for alcohol and/or drug abuse.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. A copy of the scale can be found in Appendix I of the source reference.
Contact
Dr. Joseph Westermeyer, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D.<br>
Department of Psychiatry, VAMC<br>
1 Veterans Dr.<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55417<br>
<a href="mailto:weste010@umn.edu">weste010@umn.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Michigan Assessment Screening Test for Alcohol and Drugs 159.pdf [from source reference]
SourceRef
Westermeyer J; Yargic I; Thuras P. Michigan Assessment-Screening Test for Alcohol and Drugs (MAST/AD): Evaluation in a clinical sample. American Journal on Addictions 2004;13:151-162. [includes a copy of the scale]
OtherRef
Westermeyer J, Canive J, Thuras P, et al. A comparison of substance use disorder severity and course in American Indian males and female veterans. Am J Addict 2009;18(1):87-92.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20MAST+AD%20/%20Michigan+Assessment+Screening+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Michigan Assessment Screening Test for Alcohol and Drugs (MAST/AD)</a>
Jones HE, Kaltenbach K. Treating Women with Substance Use Disorders During Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Approach to Caring for Mother and Child. Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 57.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20156%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20226%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20294%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Father-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%202120%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Mother-Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2004
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MAST-AD_inst

AccessNo
161
Name
Mini-Mental State Examination
Acronym
MMSE
Developer
Folstein, Marshal F.
Folstein, Susan E.
McHugh, P.R.
Description
The MMSE is a brief, easily administered, quantitative measure of cognitive status in adults. It can be used to screen for cognitive impairment (such as Alzheimer's disease), to estimate the severity of cognitive impairment at a given point in time, to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time, and to document an individual's response to treatment. The MMSE has demonstrated validity and reliability in psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations. It is a fully structured scale that consists of 30 points grouped into 7 categories: orientation to place and to time, registration, attention and concentration, recall language, and visual construction. It is scored in terms of the number of correctly completed items. The test takes about 5-10 minutes to administer.
The test has been used as the primary cognitive screening instrument in several large-scale epidemiolgical studies of dementia. It is also widely used in clinical practice and is often reported in research studies as a benchmark of the severity of dementia that can be used to compare patient cohorts across studies.
The MMSE is insensitive to mild cognitive impairment, lacks diagnostic specificity, and may not be sensitive to education, literacy, or visual problems.
The 3MS (Modified Mini- Mental State Exam) tests for both dementia and cognitive impairment. It is a 27-item questionnaire (19 MMSE plus 8 additional) that tests orientation to time and place, attention, concentration, long- and short-term memory, language, and abstract thinking. It takes 5-15 minutes to complete, is well-validated and is used in a variety of settings (Teng, 1987).
Availability
The copyright for the MMSE is wholly owned by Mini Mental LLC. Published by Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR), Inc. Cost for a Standard Version Kit (user manual, forms, pocket norms guide) is $155 (2013). Order online at <a href="http://www4.parinc.com/Products/Product.aspx?ProductID=MMSE-2#Items">http://www4.parinc.com/Products/Product.aspx?ProductID=MMSE-2#Items</a>.
Contact
Mini-Mental State Examination web site<br>
<a href="http://www.minimental.com/">http://www.minimental.com/</a>
ADAI
The MMSE is included on the CD-ROM that accompanies the APA Handbook.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Mini Mental State Examination 161.pdf [formatted for CTN use]
SourceRef
Folstein MF; Folstein SE; McHugh PR. Mini-Mental State: A practical method for grading the state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 1975;12:189-198.
OtherRef
Burns RA, Butterworth P, Kiely KM, Bielak AA, Luszcz MA, Mitchell P, Christensen H, Von Sanden C, Anstey KJ. Multiple imputation was an efficient method for harmonizing the Mini-Mental State Examination with missing item-level data. J Clin Epidemiol 2011;64(7):787-93.
Smith KL; Horton NJ; Saitz R; Samet JH. The use of the mini-mental state examination in recruitment for substance abuse research studies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2006;82(3):231-237.
Crum RM; Anthony JC; Bassett SS; Folstein MF. Population-based norms for the mini-mental state examination by age and educational level. JAMA 1993;18:2386-2391.
Cockrell JR; Folstein MF. Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Psychopharmacology 1988;24:689-692.
Teng, E.L. & Chui, H.C. (1987). A Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) Examination. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 48: 314-318.
Anthony JC; LeResche L; Niaz U; et al. Limits of the mini-mental state as a screening test for dementia and delirium among hospital patients. Psychological Medicine 1982;12:397-408.
Resources
<a href="http://www.minimental.com/">MiniMental.com</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20MMSE%20/%20Mini+Mental+State+Examination%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Mini-Mental+State+Examination%22">PubMed search: Mini-Mental State Examination</a>
RelatedInst
Telephone-Assessed Mental State (TAMS)
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20405%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS)</a>
Modified Mini-Mental State Exam (3MS)
SourceInfo
MiniMental.com
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Psychological assessment
Recommended
APA
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503, 201105
Year
1975
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
CTN Copy retrieved from CTN Livelink Jan 2010
WSIPP discussed this measure as one which may assist a clinician in the investigation process for involuntary treatment.
http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/11-01-3402.pdf
AdminScoring
The test is desinged to be easily administered by any health care professional or trained technician who has received minimal instruction in its use. It takes 5-15 minutes to complete.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
Status
public
Population
Adults
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MMSE_inst

AccessNo
163
Name
Munich Alcoholism Test
Acronym
MALT
Developer
Feuerlein, W.
Ringer, C.
Kofner, H.
Antons, K.
Description
The MALT is an alcoholism screening test that aims to identify alcoholics in an unselected population of patients. The test consists of two parts: a self-rating questionnaire (24 items) and a physician rate part (7 items). In clinical settings, the MALT can be used in the early (motivation or "contact") phase of management/help to identify alcoholics and to motivate them to undergo treatment. In terms of research applicability, the MALT can be used for identification of alcoholics (confirmation of the diagnosis) in clinical studies. It should be administered by a medical doctor.
Availability
Copyrighted by Prof. Dr. med. Wilh. Feuerlein.
Contact
Prof. Dr. med. Wilh. Feuerlein<br>
Max-Plank-Institut fur Psychiatrie<br>
Kraepellnstr. 10<br>
D 80804<br>
Munchen
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Munich Alcoholism Test 163.pdf
SourceRef
Feuerlein W; Ringer C; Kofner H; Antons K. Diagnosis of alcoholism. The Munich Alcoholism test (MALT). (Author's transl) Mtlnchn Med Wschr 1977;119:1275-1282.
OtherRef
Agelink MW, Ullrich H, Lemmer W, Dirkes-Kersting A, Zeit T. Screening for concomitant alcohol abuse in schizophrenia: clinical significance of the Munich Alcoholism Test and laboratory tests. Eur Addict Res 1999 Jun;5(2):82-7.
Gorenc KD, Bruner CA, Nadelsticher A, Pacurucu S, Feuerlein W. A cross-cultural study: a comparison of German, Spanish and Ecuadorian alcoholics using the Munich Alcoholism Test (MALT). Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1984;10(3):429-46.
Skinner HA; Holt S; Allen BA; Haakonson NH. Correlation between medical and behavioral data in the assessment of alcoholism. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1980;4(4):371-7.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Munich+Alcoholism+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Munich Alcoholism Test (MALT)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (1995 edition; not included in newer edition)
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1977
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by medical assistant or doctor in about 2-3 minutes. Norms are available, and the instrument has also been normed on subgroups of alcoholics and nonalcoholic patients.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest, split half, and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content and criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MALT_inst

AccessNo
166
Name
NET
Developer
Bottoms, Sidney F.
Martier, Susan S.
Sokol, Robert J.
Description
The NET is a 3-item measure for detecting excessive alcohol consumption among women of reproductive age. It is composed of one MAST item, one CAGE item, and one T-ACE item. The questions are: Do you consider yourself a normal drinker? (Normal; from the MAST); Do you ever have an "eyeopener"? (Eyeopener; from the CAGE); and How many drinks to get you high? (Tolerance; from the T-ACE). The tolerance question is scored positive for =>3 drinks. The NET has been used predominantly with women of reproductive age. In both clinical and research settings, it is a useful instrument for efficient screening of excessive drinking.
Availability
Copyright 1989 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Contact
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins<br>
Permissions Department<br>
351 West Camden St.<br>
Baltimore, MD 21201<br>
tel: 410-528-4050<br>
<a href="mailto:permissions@lww.com">permissions@lww.com</a><br>
<a href="http://www.lww.com/permissions/index.htm">http://www.lww.com/permissions/index.htm</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/insnet.htm
ADAI
Three items are in the description field, or can be found at NIAAA: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/insnet.htm.
SourceRef
Bottoms SF; Martier SS; Sokol RJ. Refinements in screening for risk drinking in reproductive-aged women: The "NET" results (abstract). Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 1989;13:339
OtherRef
Russell M; Martier SS; Sokol RJ; et al. Screening for pregnancy risk-drinking. Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 1994;18(5):1156-61.
Burns E; Gray R; Smith LA. Brief screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking during pregnancy: a systematic review. Addiction 2010; 105(4):601-614.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20NET%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: NET</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/net.htm">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 16
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1989
InstURLHost
NIAAA
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by staff in approximately 1 minute. No norms are available.
ValidRely
Validity studies have been done on this instrument, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Women
Permalink
http://bit.ly/NET_inst

AccessNo
167
Name
Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale
Acronym
OCDS
Developer
Anton, Raymond F.
Moak, Darlene H.
Latham, Patricia
Description
The OCDS is a 14-item, self-administered questionnaire for characterizing and quantifying the obsessive and compulsive cognitive aspects of craving and heavy (alcoholic) drinking, such as drinking-related thought, urges to drink, and the ability to resist those thoughts and urges. It has sensitivity as a monitoring tool and has predictive validity for relapse drinking. Preliminary data also indicate that the OCDS may be a useful screening instrument for the presence of alcohol abuse and dependence, and may be used to differentiate between individuals who are alcohol dependent and those who do not drink excessively.<p>
One potential advantage of the OCDS over the CAGE and MAST questionnaires is that the OCDS is not dependent upon environment-dependent consequences of drinking. It is useful in monitoring individuals in treatment, and increasing scores may predict relapse drinking.
<p>Researchers may find the OCDS useful because it is easily modifiable to study the obsessive and compulsive characteristics of other addictive disorders, and may be useful as a screening instrument for these disorders. This instrument may also be used to characterize further the similarities between alcohol abuse/ dependency and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It has been used as an outcome measure in treatment trials. In several controlled treatment trials is has differentiated naltrexone from placebo response.
Availability
Copyright 1995 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. The OCDS is available in English, Dutch/Flemish, French, German, Israel/Hebrew, Japanese, Spanish, and Swedish. An adolescent version is also available, the A-OCDS. A copy of the OCDS is also available on the NIAAA web site: <a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/scale1.doc">http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/scale1.doc</a>.
Contact
Raymond F. Anton, MD<br>
Medical University of South Carolina<br>
<a href="mailto:antonr@musc.edu">antonr@musc.edu</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/scale1.doc
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale 167.pdf
SourceRef
Anton RF, Moak DH, Latham P. The Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale: A self-rated instrument for the quantification of thoughts about alcohol and drinking behavior. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1995;19(1):92-99.
OtherRef
Connor JP, Feeney GFX, Jack A, Young RMcD. The Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale is a valid measure of alcohol craving in young adults. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2010;34(12):2155-2161.
Cordero M; Solis L; Cordero R; Torruco M; Cruz-Fuentes C. Factor structure and concurrent validity of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale in a group of alcohol-dependent subjects of Mexico City. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2009;33(7):1145-1150.
Nakovics H, Diehl A, Croissant B, Mann K. Modifications of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS-G) for use in longitudinal studies. Addict Behav 2008 Oct;33(10):1276-81.
Connor JP, Jack A, Feeney GF, Young RM. Validity of the obsessive compulsive drinking scale in a heavy drinking population. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2008;32(6):1067-73.
Roberts JS; Anton RF; Latham PK; Moak DH. Factor structure and predictive validity of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1999 Sep; 23(9): 1484-91.
Anton RF; Drobes DJ. Clinical measurement of craving in addiction. Psychiatric Annals 1998;28:553-560.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20OCDS%20/%20Obsessive%20Compulsive%20Drinking%20Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS)</a>
<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Obsessive-Compulsive+Drinking+Scale%22">PubMed search: Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2012%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Adolescent Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20168%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale - Revised</a>
<a href="http://bit.ly/OCCUS_inst">Obsessive Compulsive Cocaine Use Scale (OCCUS)</a>
<a href="http://bit.ly/OCCS_inst">Obsessive Compulsive Cocaine Scale (OCCS)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Assessment
Outcome evaluation
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
APA
TIP 28
EnteredBy
MB, NS
EntryDate
200503
Year
1995
InstURLHost
NIAAA
Notes
Detailed psychometrics can be found in the APA book.
APA book says it's in the public domain
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
The OCDS takes approximately 5 minutes to complete and can be scored using simple addition in under 1 minute. Norms are available, and this instrument has been normed on subgroups (NIAAA does not elaborate).
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the OCDS using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content and criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Dennis/Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/OCDS_inst

AccessNo
172
Name
Perceived Benefit of Drinking Scale
Acronym
PBDS
Developer
Petchers, Marcia
Singer, Mark
Description
The PBDS is designed to assess reasons for drinking and drug use and to screen adolescents for a more comprehensive substance use assessment. It assesses frequency, situational use, consequences of use, perceived benefits of use, peer and parental use. The PBDS uses five true/false statements written with nonthreatening wording (i.e. "Drinking helps me feel good about myself") and can be administered in about 10 minutes (by a qualified counselor knowledgeable about substance abuse).
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted. There is no cost for use.
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/PDF/Perceived_Benefit_of_Drinking_Scale_172.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/PDF/Perceived_Benefit_of_Drinking_Scale_172.pdf
SourceRef
Petchers M ; Singer M. Perceived benefit of drinking scale: Approach to screening for adolescent alcohol use. J Pediatrics 1987;110:977-981.
OtherRef
Petchers M ; Singer M. Clinical applicability of a substance abuse screening instrument. J Adolesc Chem Depend 1990;1:47-53.
Werner MJ ; Walker LS ; Greene JW. Longitudinal evaluation of a screening measure for problem drinking among female college freshmen. Arch Pediatric Adolesc Med 1994;148(12):1331-1337.
Werner MJ ; Walker LS ; Greene JW. Screening for problem drinking among college freshmen. J Adolesc Health 1994;15(4):303-310.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20PBDS%20/%20Perceived+Benefit+of+Drinking+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Perceived Benefit of Drinking Scale (PBDS)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (1995 edition; not included in later editions)
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Assessment
Screening
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1987
InstURLHost
ADAI
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring by the researcher/counselor takes about 10 minutes. Norms are available, and the instrument has also been normed on the following subgroups: urban, rural, black, white, male, and female.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive"), and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PBDS_inst

AccessNo
176
Name
Personal Experience Inventory
Acronym
PEI
Developer
Winters, Ken C.
Henly, George A.
Description
This self-report inventory documents the onset, nature, degree, and duration of chemical involvement in 12- to 18-year-olds. It identifies personal risk factors that may precipitate or sustain substance abuse. In addition, five problem screens alert you to the possibility of family chemical dependency, sexual abuse, physical abuse, eating disorder, suicide potential, and need for psychiatric referral.
Because the PEI simplifies identification, referral, and treatment, it is widely used in substance abuse treatment programs, student assistance programs, juvenile rehabilitation centers, and private practice. The PEI makes it easier to evaluate the many adolescents who are entering the health care system at younger ages with more poorly defined problems. It permits more specialized treatment, and it helps document the need for treatment. In research settings, the PEI is useful in any study assessing adolescent chemical dependency and psychosocial risk.
The 56-item PEI takes approximately 45-60 minutes to administer and can be scored by computer.
Availability
Copyright 1988 by the Saint Paul Foundation. Cost is $135 per test kit (including manual and cost of computer scoring and interpretation for five administrations).
Contact
Ken Winters, Ph.D.<br>
University of Minnesota<br>
Department of Psychiatry<br>
420 Delaware St. SE, Box 393<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55455 <p>
For computerized scoring version, contact:<br>
Western Psychological Services<br>
12031 Wilshire Boulevard<br>
Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251<br>
tel: 310-478-2061<br>
<a href="http://www.wpspublish.com">http://www.wpspublish.com</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/pei.pdf
ADAI
Sample questions: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Personal Experience Inventory SAMPLE QUESTIONS 176.pdf
SourceRef
Winters DC ; Henly GA. Personal Experience Inventory (PEI) Test and Manual. Lost Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services, 1989.
OtherRef
Botzet AM ; Winters KC ; Stinchfield R. Gender differences in measuring adolescent drug abuse and related psychosocial factors. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse 2006;16(1):91-108.
Dahmus S ; Bernardin HJ ; Bernardin K. Personal Experience Inventory. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development 1992;25(2):91-94.
Stinchfield R ; Winters KC. Predicting adolescent drug abuse treatment outcome with the Personal Experience Inventory (PEI). J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse 2003;13(2):103-120.
Winters KC ; Latimer WW ; Stinchfield RD ; Henly GA. Examining psychosocial correlates of drug involvement among drug clinic-referred youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 1999;9:1-18.
Winters KC ; Stinchfield RD ; Henly GA. Further validation of new scales measuring adolescent alcohol and other drug abuse. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1993;54(5):534-541.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20PEI%20/%20Personal%20Experience%20Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Personal Experience Inventory (PEI)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/48_PEI.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Personal+Experience+Inventory%22”>PubMed search: Personal Experience Inventory</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20177%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Personal Experience Inventory for Adults</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
Chinet
TIP 31
InstrumentType
Assessment
Screening
Treatment planning
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 31
NFATTC
NIDA SI
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1988
InstURLHost
NIAAA (sample questions)
Notes
Selected as an evidence based adolescent screening instrument in: Dembo, Richard. Introduction. Subst Use & Misuse 2005;40(7):879-885.
AdminScoring
This instrument should be administered by a trained clerk. Only minimal training is required.
The PEI is scored by computer disk or mail-in (or fax) answer sheet. Norms are available and the instrument has also been normed on subgroups of drug clinic samples and normal high school samples.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the PEI using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”), and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PEI_inst

AccessNo
177
Name
Personal Experience Inventory for Adults
Acronym
PEI-A
Developer
Winters, Ken C.
Description
This self-report inventory documents substance use and resulting problems in adults. The instrument is composed of two parts -- Problem Severity Section (120 items) and Psychosocial Section (150 items). Validity indicators are also included to help determine whether the client is responding accurately and honestly. The score report provides normative data of scale score results, the findings from 10 Problem Screens, treatment guidelines, and a detailed narrative.
In clinical settings, the PEI-A can aid in case identification and treatment referral. In terms of research applicability, the PEI-A provides a standard description of a sample and can be modified for use in treatment outcome.
The PEI-A is available in pencil-and-paper or computerized self-administered formats and takes approximately 45 minutes to administer.
Availability
This instrument is copyrighted and must be purchased. Order online from <a href="http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,103214&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL">Western Psychological Services</a>.
Contact
Western Psychological Services<br>
12031 Wilshire Boulevard<br>
Los Angeles, CA 90025-1251<br>
tel: 310-478-2061<br>
<a href="http://www.wpspublish.com">http://www.wpspublish.com</a>
ADAI
A sample of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems" (HV 5279 N38 A8 2003 REF INST), p. 517-518.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Personal Experience Inventory for Adults 177.pdf [from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Winters KC. Personal Experience Inventory -- Adults Manual. Los Angeles, CA : Western Psychological Services, 1996.
OtherRef
Winters KC. A new multiscale measure of adult substance abuse. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1999;16:237-246.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20PEI%20/%20Personal%20Experience%20Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Personal Experience Inventory (PEI)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/49_PEI-A.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20176%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Personal Experience Inventory</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Assessment
Outcome evaluation
Treatment planning
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1996
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring is done by computer in about 2 minutes. Norms are available and the instrument has also been normed on subgroups of treatment-seeking and normal communities.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the PEI-A using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”), and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PEI-A_inst

AccessNo
178
Name
Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire
Acronym
PESQ
Developer
Winters, Ken C.
Description
This instrument provides a quick, cost-effective way to screen 12- to 18-year-olds for substance abuse. In just 10 minutes, this brief self-report questionnaire identifies teenagers who should be referred for a complete chemical dependency evaluation.
In clinical settings, the PESQ helps service providers make appropriate referrals. It is especially useful in schools, juvenile detention facilities, medical clinics, and other settings where routine screening rather than in-depth assessment is the goal. For researchers, the PESQ is useful in screening subjects, as an initial step in identifying those with chemical dependency problems.
The PESQ contains 40 yes-no and multiple-choice Likert items, organized in 3 subscales (Problem Severity, Psychosocial Items, and Drug Use History), and is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered format (written at a 4th grade reading level). It takes approximately 10 minutes to administer.
Availability
This instrument is copyrighted (1991) and must be purchased. Order online from <a href="http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,69732&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL">Western Psychological Services</a>.
Contact
Ken Winters, Ph.D.<br>
University of Minnesota<br>
Department of Psychiatry<br>
420 Delaware Street SE<br>
PO Box 393<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55455
ADAI
Sample questions: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire SAMPLE QUESTIONS 178.pdf
[from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Winters K. Manual for the Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services, 1991.
Winters KC. Development of an adolescent alcohol and other drug abuse screening scale: Personal Experiences Screening Questionnaire. Addict Behav 1992;17:479-490.
OtherRef
Sheilds AL; Campfield DC; Miller CS; et al. Score reliability of adolescent alcohol screening measures: A meta-analytic inquiry. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse 2008;17(4):75-9
Winters KC ; Remafedi G ; Chan B. Assessing drug abuse among gay-bisexual young men. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 1996;10:228-236.
George MS ; Skinner HA. Assessment. IN: Annis HM ; Davis CS (eds.). DRUG USE BY ADOLESCENTS : IDENTIFICATION, ASSESSMENT AND INTERVENTION. Toronto, Canada : Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Foundation, 1991, pp. 85-108.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20PESQ%20/%20Personal%20Experience%20Screening+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/50_PESQ.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Personal+Experience+Screening+Questionnaire%22”>PubMed search: Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20463%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Indian Health Service-Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (IHS-PESQ)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Recommended
NIAAA
APA
NFATTC
TIP 31
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1991
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
The PESQ can be scored automatically as it is administered, using the AutoScore Form (as the examinee circles responses directly on the form, the answers are transferred to the scoring sheets on the inside pages of the form, which the examinee cannot access). Norms are provided in the manual for a school sample, a school clinic sample, a drug clinic sample, and a juvenile correctional institution sample.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the PESQ using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion (predictive, concurrent, “postdictive”), and construct. Detailed psychometric information is available in the APA book.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Bukstein article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PESQ_inst

AccessNo
181
Name
Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale - Self-Report
Acronym
PDS
Developer
Foa, Edna B.
Description
The Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS) is a 49-item self-report instrument designed to aid in the detection and diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The structure and content of the PDS assessment mirror the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for PTSD. The PDS was developed specifically to fill the need for a brief self-report instrument that would help provide a reliable diagnosis of PTSD and for quantifying the severity of PTSD symptoms. The test takes 10-15 minutes to complete and is written at the 8th-grade reading level.
Availability
This instrument is copyrighted by Pearson Assessments and cannot be copied without permission in writing. A manual that describes the development, psychometric properties, and use of the PDS is available (Foa, 1995).
Contact
Pearson Assessments<br>
tel: 800-627-7271, ext. 3225<br>
<a href="mailto:pearsonassessments@pearson.com">pearsonassessments@pearson.com</a><br>
<a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com">http://www.pearsonassessments.com</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale Self Report 181.pdf [formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Foa E, Cashman L, Jaycox L, Perry K. The validation of a self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder: The Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. Psychological Assessment, 9:445-451, 1997.
Foa EB. PDS (Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale) Manual. Minneapolis: National Computer Systems, 1995.
OtherRef
Foa EB, Davidson JRT, Frances A. (eds). The Expert Consensus Guidelines Series: Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1999; 60, Supplement 16.
Sheeran T, Zimmerman M. Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder in a general psychiatric outpatient setting. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 2002; 70(4): 961–966.
Powell S, Rosner R. The Bosnian version of the international self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, is reliable and valid in a variety of different adult samples affected by war. BMC Psychiatry 2005;5:11.
Resources
<a href="http://www.pearsonassessments.com/tests/pds.htm">Pearson Assessments PDS site</a>
<a href="http://www.ptsd.va.gov/">The National Center for PTSD</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Posttraumatic+Stress+Diagnostic+Scale%22”>PubMed search: Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale</a>
SourceInfo
National Center for PTSD
Pearson Assessments
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Psychological assessment
Recommended
APA
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1995
Notes
Edna B. Foa, PhD, is a professor at the Medical College of Pennsylvania and Hahnemann University and director of the Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
Most commonly administered in the form of a paper and pencil questionnaire, but can also be administered online using software from Pearson Assessments (formerly National Computer Systems, Inc.)
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
The PTDS has demonstrated high internal consistency and test–retest reliability, high diagnostic agreement with SCID, and good sensitivity and specificity. The satisfactory validity of the PTDS was further supported by its high correlations with other measures of trauma-related psychopathology. Detailed psychometric information can be found in the Foa et al, 1997 reference.
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PDS_inst

AccessNo
188
Name
Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers
Acronym
POSIT
Developer
Rahdert, Elizabeth H.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Description
The POSIT, available in English and Spanish language versions, is a screening tool, using a yes/no response format, designed to identify problems that require further in-depth assessment and the potential need for service in 10 functional areas, including substance use/abuse, mental and physical health, family and peer relations, vocation, and special education. The POSIT is a self-administered 139-item screening questionnaire, written at a 5th grade reading level, that takes 20-30 minutes to complete.<p>
A computerized administration and scoring version of the POSIT has been developed by PowerTrain, Inc., Landover, MD. This application not only reduces administration and scoring time, but it also automatically prepares a convenient, summary bar graph that compares individual scores with normative cut-points. This summary may be printed out and used to initiate a discussion between the adolescent and provider.
Availability
The POSIT is not copyrighted and is available free-of-charge. The only request is that Elizabeth Rahdert, Editor, National Institute on Drug Abuse, is acknowledged in written materials. It is available in English and Spanish.
Contact
For general inquiries, contact the author:<br>
Elizabeth Rahdert, Ph.D.<br>
Division of Clinical and Services Research<br>
National Institute on Drug Abuse<br>
National Institutes of Health Room 4229<br>
6001 Executive Boulevard<br>
Bethesda, MD 20892-9563 <br>
tel: 301-443-0107<br>
<a href="mailto:Elizabeth_Rahdert@nih.gov">Elizabeth_Rahdert@nih.gov</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Problem_Oriented_Screening_Instrument_for_Teenagers_188.pdf
ADAI
Source reference: RJ 503.7 A31 1991 [REF INST]
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Problem_Oriented_Screening_Instrument_for_Teenagers_188.pdf
SourceRef
Rahdert EH. (ed.). Adolescent Assessment Referral System Manual. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1991.
OtherRef
Sheilds AL; Campfield DC; Miller CS; et al. Score reliability of adolescent alcohol screening measures: A meta-analytic inquiry. J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse 2008;17(4):75-97.
Knight JR, Sherritt L, Harris SK, Gates EC, Chang G. Validity of brief alcohol screening tests among adolescents: a comparison ofthe AUDIT, POSIT, CAGE, and CRAFFT. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2003 Jan;27(1):67-73.
Knight JR, Goodman E, Pulerwitz T, DuRant RH. Reliability of the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) in adolescent medical practice. J Adolesc Health. 2001 Aug;29(2):125-30.
Latimer WW, Winters KC, Stinchfield RD. Screening for drug abuse among adolescents in clinical and correctional settings using the Problem-Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 1997 Feb;23(1):79-98.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20POSIT%20/%20Problem%20Oriented%20Screening%20Instrument%20For%20Teenagers%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Problem+Oriented+Screening+Instrument+for+Teenagers%22”>PubMed search: Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20409%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Parents (POSIP)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (no longer included)
Source reference
Chinet
TIP 31
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
TIP 31
NFATTC
EIB
NIDA SI
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1991
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
POSIT is part of the Adolescent Assessment/Referral System (AARS)
Selected as an evidence based adolescent screening instrument in: Dembo, Richard. Introduction. Subst Use & Misuse 2005;40(7):879-885.
AdminScoring
Two scoring systems are available, the original system presented in the Adolescent Assessment-Referral System (AARS) manual and the newer scoring system available from NIDA. The original scoring system includes "red flag" items and one expert-based cut-off score that indicates either a high or low risk for each of the 10 problem areas. In contrast, the newer scoring system does not consider red flag items but includes two empirically based cut-off scores that indicate low, medium, or high risk for each of the 10 problem areas. In the newer system, the total raw score for each problem determines the level of risk for that area. <p>

It takes about two seconds for computerized scoring and 2-5 minutes when using the scoring templates that are placed over the paper and pencil versions of the POSIT and POSIT follow-up questionnaires. No special qualifications are necessary to administer POSIT and POSIT follow-up questionnaires as their formats are very clear and straightforward.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Studies have determined that the POSIT presents strong internal consistency reliability in several of its subscales. It has also demonstrated good test-retest reliability and overall validity. However, further refinement of the scale is needed to improve its internal consistency. That said, clinicians can be assured that the POSIT is a generally reliable tool for screening adolescent medical patients.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Bukstein article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/POSIT_inst

AccessNo
197
Name
RAFFT
Developer
Bastiaens, Leo
Francis, Gerard
Lewis, Karen
Description
The RAFFT is a five-question instrument developed for screening adolescent substance use disorders (SUD). In a recent study, the RAFFT performed well in adolescents with SUD, in an acute psychiatric setting, with sensitivity and specificity of 89% and 69% with two positive answers. The questions of the RAFFT (relax, alone, friends, family, trouble), appear to tap into common themes related to adolescent substance use, such as peer pressure, self-esteem, anxiety, and exposure to friends and family members who are using drugs or alcohol. Similar dynamics may still be present in adult substance users, although their use of drugs and alcohol may become independent from these psychosocial variables. Because of the ease of administration and the good performance in adolescents, the RAFFT may turn out to be a useful instrument in screening adult patients for SUD.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. A copy of the scale can be found in the source reference (table 1).
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\RAAFT 197.pdf
[from source reference]
SourceRef
Bastiaens L ; Francis G ; Lewis K. The RAFFT as a screening tool for adolescent substance use disorders. Am J Addict 2000; 9:10-16. [includes copy of scale]
OtherRef
Bastiaens L ; Riccardi K ; Sakhrani D. The RAFFT as a screening tool for adult substance use disorders. Am J Drug Alc Abuse 2002 Nov;28(4):681-691. [includes the questions from the instrument]
Riggs SR ; Alario A. RAFFT Questions. Project ADEPT Manual; Brown University, 1987.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RAFFT%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: RAFFT</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20346%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">CRAFFT</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2000
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RAFFT_inst

AccessNo
201
Name
Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen
Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen - Quantity Frequency
Acronym
RAPS4
RAPS4-QF
Developer
Cherpitel, Cheryl
Description
The RAPS4 is a four-item instrument that provides high sensitivity and specificity across gender and ethnic groups (white, black, Hispanic) for alcohol dependence during the last year in clinical populations. A positive response to any one of the items signifies positive for alcohol dependence based on ICD-10 and/or DSM-IV criteria for the 12 months. A positive on the first item in particular (feeling guilt or remorse) identifies over 80% of those meeting criteria for alcohol dependence. This instrument is useful in both clinical and research settings.<p>
The RAPS4 is available in interview format and takes approximately 1 minute for clinical staff to administer.<p>
A second version of the RAPS4, the RAPS4-QF, has also been developed. It adds two items to the original scale, measuring quantity (During the last year, have you had five or more drinks on at least one occasion?) and frequency (During the last year, did you drink as often as once a month?).
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted. It is available in both English and Spanish.
Contact
Cheryl Cherpitel, Ph.D.<br>
Public Health Institute<br>
Alcohol Research Group<br>
2000 Hearst Ave., Suite 300<br>
Berkeley, CA 94709-2167<br>
tel: 510-642-0164
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Rapid_Alcohol_Problems_Screen_201.pdf
ADAI
A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's "Assessing Alcohol Problems" (HV 5279 N38 A8 2003 REF INST), p. 538.
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Rapid_Alcohol_Problems_Screen_201.pdf [from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Cherpitel CJ. Screening for alcohol problems in the emergency room: A rapid alcohol problems screen. Drug Alcohol Depend 1995;40:133-7
OtherRef
Geneste J, Pereira B, Arnaud B, et al. CAGE, RAPS4, RAPS4-QF and AUDIT screening tests for men and women admitted for acute alcohol intoxication to an emergency department: Are standard thresholds appropriate? Alcohol Alcoholism 2012;47(3):273-281
Nayak MB; Bond JC; Cherpitel C; Patel V; Greenfield TK. Detecting alcohol-related problems in developing countries: a comparison of 2 screening measures in India. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 2009; 33(12):2057-2066.
Cherpitel CJ, Ye Y, Bond J, et al. Cross-national performance of the RAPS4/RAPS4-QF for tolerance and heavy drinking: Data from 13 countries. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2005;66(3):428-432.
Borges A, Cherpitel CJ. Selection of screening items for alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence among Mexicans and Mexican Americans in the emergency department. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2001;62:277-285.
Cherpitel CJ. A brief screening instrument for problem drinking in the emergency room : The RAPS 4. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2000;61:447-449.
Cherpitel CJ. Screening for alcohol problems in the emergency room : A rapid alcohol problems screen. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 1995;40:133-137.

Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RAPS%20/%20RAPS4%20/%20Rapid+Alcohol+Problems+Screen%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen (RAPS4)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/54_RAPS4.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1995
InstURLHost
ADAI
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring is immediate -- positive response on any one of the four items is positive for alcohol dependence.
ValidRely
No reliability studies have been done on the RAPS4. Validity studies have been done using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
AltURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Rapid_Alcohol_Problems_Screen_QF_201.pdf
AltURLHost
ADAI
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RAPS4_inst

AccessNo
210
Name
Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index
Acronym
RAPI
Developer
White, Helene R.
Description
The RAPI is a 18-item (originally 23-item) self-administered screening tool for assessing adolescent problem drinking. It was developed in order to create a conceptually sound, unidimensional, relatively brief, and easily administered instrument to assess problem drinking in adolescence. The advantages of this screening tool lie in its ease of administration and its standardization, which make it possible to compare problem drinking scores across groups.
In clinical settings, the RAPI can be used to assess the extent of alcohol-related problems and to indicate negative consequences of use. Researchers can use the RAPI as a continuous variable which indicates the frequency of experiencing negative consequences due to alcohol use. It can also be used to compare problem drinking scores across individuals and groups.
The RAPI is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered and interview formats and takes approximately 10 minutes to administer.
A short-form version of the RAPI was developed in 2008 after a study that involved the analysis of over 2000 college student RAPI scores determined that 7 of the RAPI's 23 items functioned differentially for men and women. These items were dropped from the Short Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (S-RAPI), creating a shorter scale with less potential for sex bias and potentially greater usability for both participants and researchers. See Earleywine et al, 2008 in Other References below for more on the S-RAPI.
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted. There is no cost for use. (The developers request that persons who use RAPI send them their age/sex norms as well as a description of their sample.)
Contact
Helene R. White<br>
Center of Alcohol Studies<br>
Rutgers University<br>
607 Allison Rd. <br>
Piscataway, NJ 08855-0969<br>
<a href="mailto:hewhite@rci.rutgers.edu">hewhite@rci.rutgers.edu</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Rutgers_Alcohol_Problem_Index_210.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index 210.pdf [NIAAA, 23-item version]
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Rutgers_Alcohol_Problem_Index_210.pdf [formatted for SDS, 18-item version]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Short Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index 210.pdf [shows the 23 item RAPI with the 7 items removed for the S-RAPI in boldface type]
SourceRef
White HR ; Labouvie EW. Towards the assessment of adolescent problem drinking. J Stud Alcohol 50:30-37, 1989.
OtherRef
Collins S ; Carey K ; Sliwinski M. Mailed personalized normative feedback as a brief intervention for at-risk college drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2002;63:559-567.
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
Ginzler JA; Garrett SB; Baer JS; Peterson PL. Measurement of negative consequences of substance use in street youth: an expanded use of the Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(7):1519-1525.
Larimer ME ; Turner AP ; Anderson BK ; Fader JS ; Kilmer JR ; Palmer RS ; Cronce JM. Evaluating a brief alcohol intervention with fraternities. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2001;62:370-380.
Marlatt GA ; Baer JS ; Kivlahan DR ; Dimeff LA ; Larimer ME ; Quigley LA ; Somers JM ; Williams E. Screening and brief intervention for high-risk college student drinkers : Results from a 2-year follow-up assessment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1998;66:604-615.
Miller ET ; Neal DJ ; Roberts LJ ; Baer JS ; Cressler SO ; Metrik J ; Marlatt GA. Test-retest reliability of alcohol measures: Is there a difference between internet-based assessment and traditional methods. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2002;16:56-63.
Earleywine M ; LaBrie JW ; Pedersen ER. A brief Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index with less potential for bias. Addictive Behaviors 2008;33(9):1249-1253.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RAPI%20/%20Rutgers+Alcohol+Problem+Index%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/57_RAPI.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 31
EnteredBy
MB,PM
EntryDate
200501
200705
Year
1989
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument. It is very easy to administer and can be self-administered or administered by an interviewer. It could also be adapted for use with a computer, although the authors have not made a computer version.
Scoring can be done by anyone and takes only 5 minutes -- you simply add the numbers from each response to form a total score. Norms are available and the instrument has been normed on subgroups of an adolescent community sample and an adolescent inpatient (alcohol and drug problems) sample.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest, split half, and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive") and construct. Factor analysis has also been done.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
College students
MatrixRecd
Dennis
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RAPI_inst

AccessNo
215
Name
Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test
Acronym
SAAST
Developer
Swenson, Wendell M.
Morse, Robert M.
Description
The SAAST is a 35-item alcoholism screening test derived from the MAST. Items have been added to the MAST to make it suitable for use in general medical populations. The test is available in two forms: Form I is suitable for administration to the patient ("Do you have a drink now and then?"), and Form II is for use with a person (spouse, friend, etc.) who knows the patient ("Does the patient have a drink now and then?"). Domains included are loss of control, occupational and social disruption, physical consequences, emotional consequences, concern on the part of others, and family members with alcohol problems. The SAAST is frequently used as a screening instrument for alcoholism in general medical inpatient and outpatient settings. It could also be used in research, most likely as a criterion measure in target samples.
The SAAST is available in pencil-and-paper and computerized self-administered formats. It takes less than 5 minutes to administer.
Availability
Copyright 1975, Mayo Foundation. There is no cost for use.
Contact
Terry Schneekloth, M.D.<br>
Department of Psychiatry and Psychology<br>
Mayo Clinic<br>
200 First St., SW<br>
Rochester, MN 55905
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test Form I 215.pdf [formatted for SDS, Form I]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test Form II 215.pdf [formatted for SDS, Form I]
SourceRef
Swenson WM ; Morse RM. The use of a self-administered alcoholism screening test (SAAST) in a medical center. Mayo Clin Proc 1975;50:204-208.
OtherRef
Allen LM ; Nelson CJ ; Rouhbakhsh P ; Scifres SL ; Greene RL ; Kordinak ST ; Kavis LJ Jr ; Morse RM. Gender differences in factor structure of the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1998;54(4):439-445.
Allen JP ; Litten RZ. Psychometric and laboratory measures to assist in the treatment of alcoholism. Clinical Psychology Review 1993;13(3):223-239.
Ammar KA; Samee S; Colligan R; Morse R; Faheem O; Shapiro M; Kors J; Rodeheffer RJ. Is self-reported "moderate" drinking in the cardiovascular benefit range associated with alcoholic behavior? A population based study. Journal of Addictive Diseases 2009; 28(3):243-249.
Davis LJ Jr ; Morse RM. Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test: A comparison of conventional versus computer-administered formats. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1991;15(2):155-157,
Davis LJ ; Hurt R ; Morse RM ; Obrien P. Discriminant analysis of the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1987;11(3):269-273.
Hurt RD, Morse RM, Swenson WM. Diagnosis of alcoholism with a self-administered alcoholism screening test: results with 1,002 consecutive patients receiving general examinations. Mayo Clin Proc. 1980 Jun;55(6):365-70.
Pristach CA ; Smith CM ; Perkins C. Reliability of the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST) in psychiatric patients. Journal of Addictive Diseases 1993;12(4):77-88.
Vickers-Douglas KS ; Patten CA ; Decker PA ; Offord KP ; Colligan RC ; Islam-Zwart KA ; Wolter TD ; Croghan IT ; Hall-Flavin D ; Hurt RD. Revision of the Self- Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST-R): a pilot study. Substance Use & Misuse 2005;40(6):789-812.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SAAST%20/%20Self-administered%20Alcohol*%20screening%20Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SASST)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/58_SAAST.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20330%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test - Revised</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 16
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1975
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by hand or computer in under 5 minutes. Norms are available, and the instrument has also been normed on subgroups of sex and age.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SAAST_inst

AccessNo
225
Name
Short Inventory of Problems - Alcohol and Drugs
10-Item SIP-AD
Acronym
SIP-AD
Developer
Blanchard, Kimberly A.
Morgenstern, Jon
Morgan, Thomas J.
Labouvie, Erich W.
Bux, Donald A.
Description
The Short Inventory of Problems - Alcohol and Drugs (SIP-AD), is a 15-item test that measures physical, social, intrapersonal, impulsive, and interpersonal consequences of alcohol and drug consumption. Respondents indicate whether each item occurred in the previous 30 days (or, in other versions of the scale, whether they have ever happened in the respondent's lifetime). Items include statements like, "I have been unhappy because of my drinking/drug use," "Because of my drinking/drug use, I have not eaten properly," "I have taken foolish risks when I have been drinking/using drugs," and "My drinking/drug use has damaged my social life, popularity, or reputation." Responses are summed across the 15 items to yield a total score.<p>

The SIP-AD is a shortened version of the Inventory of Drug Use Consequences (InDUC) -- itself a modified form of the Drinker Inventory of Consequences (DrInC). The original version, called the Short Inventory of Problems (SIP), focused only only alcohol and drinking. The original SIP can be found in the manual for the DrInC (see Miller et al, 1995 source reference).
The 10-item SIP-AD indicates a high degree of reliability and validity. Findings suggest the SIP-AD can be shortened to 10 items and appears to be a non-biased reliable and valid measure among non-treatment seeking MSM.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable; however, the DrInC is not copyright protected. A number of versions of the SIP are available on the CASAA web site (the "2L" version here uses the same items as the original SIP -- for the SIP-AD, change the term "drinking" to "drinking/drug use"):
<a href="http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/Short%20Inventory%20of%20Problems.pdf"> SIP-2L</a>, <a href="http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/Short%20Inventory%20of%20Problems%20FU.pdf">SIP Follow-Up</a>, <a href="http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/Short%20Inventory%20of%20Problems%20Profile.pdf">SIP Profile Sheet</a>, and <a href="http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/Short%20Inventory%20of%20Problems%20Scoring.pdf">SIP Scoring Sheet</a>. The source reference also contains a list of the original SIP-AD items in Table 1.
Contact
Kimberly A. Blanchard<br>
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University<br>
633 Third Ave., 19th Floor<br>
New York, NY 10017<br>
<a href="mailto:kblancha@casacolumbia.org">kblancha@casacolumbia.org</a>
InstURL
http://casaa.unm.edu/inst/Short%20Inventory%20of%20Problems.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Short_Inventory_of_Problems_225.pdf
[formatted for SDS, has 17 items]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Short Inventory of Problems 225.pdf
[CASAA, has 15 items -- to change this version into the SIP-AD, just change "drinking" to "drinking/drug use"]
SourceRef
Blanchard K; Morgenstern J; Morgan TJ; Labouvie EW; Bux DA. Assessing consequences of substance use: Psychometric properties of the Inventory of Drug Use Consequences. Psychol Addict Behav 2003;17(4):328-331 [though the article title says it is about the InDUC, it is also about the development of the SIP-AD]
Miller WR, Tonigan JS, & Longabaugh R. (1995). The Drinker Inventory of Consequences (DrInC): An instrument for assessing adverse consequences of alcohol abuse. Test manual (Project MATCH Monograph Series, Vol. 4). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. [original SIP]
Hagman BT; Kuerbis AN; Morgenstern J; Bux DA; Parsons JT; Heidinger BE. An Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis of the Short Inventory of Problems - Alcohol and Drugs (SIP-AD) among non-treatment seeking men-who-have-sex-with-men: evidence for a shortened 10-item SIP-AD. Addictive Behaviors 2009;34(11):948-954.
OtherRef
Gillespie W, Holy JL, Blackwell RL. Measuring outcomes of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use among college students: A preliminary test of the Shortened Inventory of Problems - Alcohol and Drugs (SIP-AD). J Drug Issues 2007;37(3):549-567.
Feinn R, Tennen H, Kranzler HR. Psychometric properties of the short index of problems as a measure of recent alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2003;27(9):1436-41.
Kenna GA ; Longabaugh R ; Gogineni A ; Woolard RH ; Nirenberg TD ; Becker B ; Minugh PA ; Carty K : Clifford PR ; Karolczuk K. Can the Short Index of Problems (SIP) be improved? Validity and reliability of the three-month SIP in an emergency department sample. J Stud Alcohol 2005;66(3):433-437.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DrInC%20/%20Drinker+Inventory+of+Consequences%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drinker Inventory of Consequences (DrInC)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2098%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Drinker Inventory of Consequences</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20143%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Inventory of Drug Use Consequences</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20634%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Modified SIP: SIP-SUD and SIP-BD</a>
SourceInfo
Smith, 2004 reference; source reference & Gillespie et al 2007.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB, ns
EntryDate
200501
200710
Year
2003
InstURLHost
CASAA (SIP-2L)
Notes
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
ValidRely
This instrument has shown strong intraclass correlations and excellent test-retest reliability, and has been found to be internally consistent and reliable.
Status
public
Population
Adults
College students
MatrixRecd
Dennis
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SIP-AD_inst

AccessNo
242
Name
Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory
Acronym
SASSI
Developer
Miller, Glenn A.
Description
The SASSI is a brief self-report, easily administered psychological screening measure that is available in separate versions for adults and adolescents. The Adult SASSI-3 helps identify individuals who have a high probability of having a substance dependence disorder with an overall empirically tested accuracy of 93%. The Adolescent SASSI-A2 is designed to identify individuals who have a high probability of having a substance use disorder, including both substance abuse and substance dependence, with its decision rules yielding an overall accuracy of 94%. The SASSI includes both face valid and subtle items that have no apparent relationship to substance use. The subtle items are included to identify some individuals with alcohol and other drug problems who are unwilling or unable to acknowledge substance misuse or symptoms associated with it.
In clinical settings, interpretations of the SASSI profiles suggest possibilities that the clinician may find useful in understanding clients and providing effective feedback. Examples of clinical inferences that may be drawn on the basis of certain scale scores include indication of defensive responding, clients' level of insight and awareness of the effects of their substance misuse, evidence of emotional pain, and relative risk of involvement with the legal/judicial system. In combination with other available assessment information, the clinical inferences suggested by examining SASSI profiles provide ideas for further evaluation and treatment considerations. Additionally, the SASSI's brevity, ease of administration and scoring, and availability of computer format for data storage and analysis make the instrument highly useful for research applications.
This instrument is especially helpful in inpatient and outpatient settings, including criminal justice, employee assistance, educational, mental health, medical, and vocational. The SASSI for adults consists of 93 items; for adolescents, 100. Each test is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered, computer self-administered and optical scanning version, or via web-based administration. It takes approximately 10-15 minutes to administer and can be administered by support staff.
The SASSI-3 (Miller, 1999) has been established in a variety of settings and populations, such as differentiating between substance-abusing and non-substance-abusing behaviors in adolescent and adult offenders. It has also shown utility as an effective substance abuse screen for use with college students. The SASSI-3 contains a Correctional (COR) scale that may provide counselors with the ability to identify college students who have a history of illegal behaviors and are at risk to repeat these behaviors, in order to provide prevention interventions. The COR scale's 15 items are intended to be used by counselors as they weigh treatment recommendations. A high score on the COR scale might indicate a risk of ciminality.
Availability
Copyright May 1988, 1994, 1997 by Glenn Miller. Some items are taken from the Psychological Screening Inventory, copyright 1968 by Richard I. Lanyon, Ph.D. Support materials for the SASSI available for purchase include user's guides, scoring, interpretation, and manuals providing comprehensive information on development, reliability, and validity.
Contact
The SASSI Institute<br>
tel: 800-726-0526<br>
<a href="http://www.sassi.com">http://www.sassi.com</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/sassi.pdf
ADAI
Sample questions: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory SAMPLE QUESTIONS 242.pdf [from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Miller GA. The Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI): Manual, Second Edition. Springfield, IN : The SASSI Institute, 1985, 1999.
Miller FG; Lazowski LE. The adult SASSI-3 manual. Springville, IN: SASSI Institute, 1999.
OtherRef
Laux JM, Piazza NJ, Salyers K, Roseman CP. The Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 and stages of change: A screening validity study. J Addict Offender Counseling 2012;33(2):82-92.
Perez DM, Wish ED. Gender differences in the validity of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 (SASSI-3) with a criminal justice population. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2011;55(3):476-91.
Miller CS, Woodson J, Howell RT, Shields AL. Assessing the reliability of scores produced by the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory. Subst Use Misuse 2009;44(8):1090-100
Burck AM; Laux JM; Ritchie M; Baker D. An examination of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 Correctional Scale in a college student population. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling 2008;29(1):49-61.
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
Feldstein SW, Miller WR. Does subtle screening for substance abuse work? A review of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI). Addiction 2007;102(1):41-50.
Clements R. Psychometric properties of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3. J Subst Abuse Treat 2002;23(4):419-23.
Piazza NJ ; Martin N ; Dildine RJ. Screening instruments for alcohol and other drug problems. Journal of Mental Health Counseling 2000;22(3):218-227.
Lazowski LE ; Miller FG ; Boye MW ; Miller GA. Efficacy of the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 (SASSI-3) in identifying substance dependence disorders in clinical settings. Journal of Personality Assessment 1998;71(1):114-128.
Horrigan TJ ; Piazza NJ ; Weinstein L. The Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI) is more cost effective and has better selectivity than urine toxicology for the detection of substance abuse in pregnancy. Journal of Perinatology 1996;16(5):326-330.
Resources
<A href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SASSI*%20/%20Substance%20Abuse%20Subtle%20Screening%20Inventory*%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/66_SASSI.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Substance+Abuse+Subtle+Screening+Inventory%22”>PubMed search: Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
NFATTC
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200501
Year
1988
InstURLHost
NIAAA (sample questions only; not full scale)
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring the SASSI takes approximately 5-10 minutes. A computerized scoring program is available.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Offenders
Adults
Adolescents
College students
Pregnant women
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SASSI_inst

AccessNo
248
Name
T-ACE
Developer
Sokol, Robert J.
Martier, Susan S.
Ager, Joel W.
Description
The T-ACE is a four-item questionnaire developed to for use with pregnant women; it provides obstetricians and gynecologists with a brief and useful way to identify patients at risk for drinking amounts which may be dangerous to the fetus. Positive results indicate exploration of the subject's drinking. In research, it can be used in conjunction with laboratory results and/or heavy drinking, or to estimate prevalence of pregnant women at risk. It can be administered by anyone, including non-professionals, in under 1 minute.
Availability
Copyright 1989 by Harcourt Health Sciences. The four T-ACE items, along with scoring instructions, can be found on the NIAAA web site: <a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh28-2/78-79.htm">http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh28-2/78-79.htm</a>.
Contact
Permissions Department, Mosby, Inc. (a division of Elsevier)<br>
6277 Sea Harbor Dr.<br>
Orlando, FL <br>
tel: 407-345-3994<br>
<a href="http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/">http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh28-2/78-79.htm
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\T-ACE 248.pdf
[from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Sokol RJ ; Martier SS ; Ager JW. The T-ACE questions: practical prenatal detection of risk-drinking. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1989; 160(4):863-870.
OtherRef
Sarkar M, Einarson T, Koren G. Comparing the effectiveness of TWEAK and T-ACE in determining problem drinkers in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2010;116(4):827-33
Elliot DL ; Hickam DH. Use of the T-ACE questions to detect risk-drinking source. Am J Obstet Gyn 1990;163(2):684.
Pietrantoni M ; Knuppel RA. Alcohol use in pregnancy. Clinics Perinat 1991;18(1):93-111.
Russell M ; Czarnecki DM ; Cowan R ; McPherson E ; Mudar PJ. Measures of maternal alcohol use as predictors of development in early childhood. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1991;15(6):991-1000.
Kemper KJ. Self-administered questionnaire for structured psychosocial screening. Pediatrics 1992;89(3):433-436.
Bradley K. Interpreting Cage scores. Ann Int Med 1992;116(12):1032.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20T+ACE%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: T-ACE</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/t_ace.htm">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Recommended
NIAAA
TIP 16
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1989
InstURLHost
NIAAA
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
The administrator can score the T-ACE in about 5 minutes. Norms are available, and this instrument has also been normed on black inner-city women attending antenatal clinics.
ValidRely
Validity studies have been done on this instrument, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive"). Sensitivity=69%, specificity=89%, positive predictive value=23%, efficiency=88% (efficiency: overall percent correct).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Pregnant women
Women
Permalink
http://bit.ly/T-ACE_inst

AccessNo
252
Name
TWEAK
Acronym
TWEAK
Developer
Russell, Marcia
Description
TWEAK is a five-item scale developed originally to screen for risk drinking during pregnancy (however, the items are not gender specific and the scale can be used with either women or men). It is an acronym for the questions below: <p>
<blockquote><b>T</b> = Tolerance: "How many drinks can you hold?" (or, "How many drinks does it take to make you feel high?") <br>
<b>W</b> = Worried: "Have close friends or relatives Worried or Complained about your drinking in the past year?"<br>
<b>E</b> = Eye-openers: "Do you sometimes take a drink in the morning when you first get up?"<br>
<b>A</b> = Amnesia (blackouts); "Has a friend or family member ever told you about things you said or did while you were drinking that you could not remember?"<br>
<b>K(C)</b> = Cut Down: "Do you sometimes feel the need to cut down on your drinking?"
</blockquote>
In clinical settings, the TWEAK has been used to screen for periconceptional risk drinking among obstetric outpatients (Russell, et al, 1994, 1996). TWEAK has also been used to screen for harmful drinking and a DSM-III-R diagnosis of alcohol abuse or dependence in samples of the general household population, outpatient samples, and hospital inpatients (Chan, et al, 1993) and in emergency room settings (see el-Guebaly, Armstrong, & Hodgins, 1998, for a review). It provides a quick and easy method of targeting outpatients and inpatients in need of more thorough assessments of their drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems to determine whether treatment for alcoholism is needed. Information on alcohol use may also be important in planning treatment for patients' other health needs. Feedback on harm revealed by the assessment has the potential to motivate patients to reduce their alcohol intake, either on their own or by accepting treatment (Miller, Sovereign & Krege, 1998).
In terms of research, it would be appropriate to conduct further work on the psychometric properties of the instrument and its sensitivity and specificity with respect to various alcohol outcomes (risk drinking during pregnancy, harmful drinking, and alcohol abuse or dependence) in a wide range of populations, particularly those seen in community agencies with the capability to conduct follow-up assessments of individuals who score positively on the TWEAK, to conduct brief motivational counseling, and/or to refer individuals judged appropriate for alcohol treatment (Institute of Medicine, 1990). Eventually, the funding of research projects with long-term follow-up to evaluate the costs and benefits associated with such a program would be appropriate.
The TWEAK takes less than 2 minutes to administer and 1 minute to score. It is available in pencil-and-paper or computerized self-administered, or in interview formats.
Availability
This instrument is not copyrighted. There is no cost for use.
Contact
Marcia Russell<br>
Prevention Research Center<br>
1995 University Ave., Suite 450<br>
Berkeley, CA 94704<br>
tel: 510-883-5703<br>
<a href="mailto:russell@prev.org">russell@prev.org</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/TWEAK_252.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\TWEAK 252.pdf
[NIAAA version]
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/TWEAK_252.pdf
[formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Russell M ; Czarnecki DM ; Cowan R ; et al. Measures of maternal alcohol use as predictors of development in early childhood. Alcohol: Clinical and Experimental Research 1991;15:991-1000.
Russell M. New assessment tools for drinking in pregnancy : T-ACE, TWEAK, and others. Alcohol Health and Research World 1994;18(1):55-61.
OtherRef
Jones LA. Systematic review of alcohol screening tools for use in the emergency department. Emerg Med J 2011;28(3):182-91.
Burns E, Gray R, Smith LA. Brief screening questionnaires to identify problem drinking during pregnancy: A systematic review. Addiction 2010;105(4):601-14.
Sarkar M, Einarson T, Koren G. Comparing the effectiveness of TWEAK and T-ACE in determining problem drinkers in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2010;116(4):827-33
Flynn HA ; Cain SA ; O'Mahen HA ; Davis MM. Detection of maternal alcohol use problems in the pediatric emergency department. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2006;30(7):1160-1164.
Bush KR, Kivlahan DR, Davis TM, Dobie DJ, Sporleder JL, Epler AJ, Bradley KA. The TWEAK is weak for alcohol screening among female Veterans Affairs outpatients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2003;27(12):1971-8.
Cherpitel CJ ; Borges G. Screening instruments for alcohol problems : A comparison of cut points between Mexican American and Mexican patients in the emergency room. J Stud Alcohol 2001;62(3):277-285.
Chang G ; Wilkins-Haug L ; Berman S ; Goetz MA. The TWEAK: Application in a prenatal setting. J Stud Alcohol 1999;60(3):306-309.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20TWEAK%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: TWEAK</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/InstrumentPDFs/74_TWEAK.pdf">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22TWEAK%22”>PubMed search: TWEAK</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
APA
TIP 16
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1994
InstURLHost
ADAI
Notes
Detailed psychometric information can be found in the APA book.
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration or scoring of this instrument.
Scoring can be done by a health care worker in about 1 minute. Norms are available, and the instrument has been normed on the following subgroups: black gravidas seen in an inner-city clinic in Detroit; male and female general population samples; male and female alcoholic inpatients, and male and female outpatients from the primary health and family care centers of a county medical center in Western New York State; male and female, Black, White, and Hispanic emergency room outpatients.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
ValidRely
Validity studies have been done on the TWEAK, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Pregnant women
Women
Veterans
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/TWEAK_inst

AccessNo
253
Name
Treatment Readiness Tool
Acronym
TReaT
Developer
Freyer, Jennis
Tonigan, J. Scott
Keller, S.
John, Ulrich
Rumpf, Hans-Jurgen
Hapke, Ulfert
Description
The Treatment Readiness Tool (TReaT) is a short self-report measure for alcohol treatment readiness, a construct correlated with but distinct from general change readiness. The 23-item questionnaire was based on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) and the Readiness to Change Questionnaire (RCQ). This measurement of treatment seeking might have advantages in predicting treatment compliance, processes, and outcome relative to measures of general behavior change readiness. The predictive validity of the measure needs to be investigated in future studies.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. A listing of the scale's 23 items can be found in Table 3 of the source reference.
Contact
Jennis Freyer<br>
Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine<br>
Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University of Greifswald<br>
Walther-Rathenau-Strasse 48<br>
17487 Greifswald, Germany<br>
<a href="mailto:freyer@uni-greifswald.de">freyer@uni-greifswald.de</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Treatment Readiness Tool 253.pdf [copy of table containing scale items, from source reference]
SourceRef
Freyer J ; Tonigan JS ; Keller S ; John U ; Rumpf H ; Hapke U. Readiness to change versus readiness to seek help for alcohol problems: The development of the Treatment Readiness Tool (TReaT). J Stud Alcohol 2004; 65(6):801-809.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Treatment+Readiness+Tool%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Treatment Readiness Tool (TReaT)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
2004
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/TReaT_inst

AccessNo
255
Name
Triage Assessment for Addictive Disorders
Acronym
TAAD
Developer
Hoffmann, Norman G.
Description
The TAAD is a very brief, structured interview covering current alcohol and drug problems related to the DSM-IV criteria for abuse and dependence. As a triage interview it provides more definitive findings than a screen. The TAAD identifies obvious cases and provides substantial support for the diagnosis. In cases where a diagnosis is not indicated, the TAAD provides documentation of negative responses to some of the more prevalent abuse and dependence symptoms. For the remaining cases, where only a few problems are indicated, a comprehensive assessment will be required to make a definitive determination. <p>
The TAAD is intended for use in situations where a basic face-to-face screen or triage for a current diagnosis is desired with a minimum time commitment. It is ideal as a follow-up to a positive breath or urinalysis or when there is a need to assess probability of a current diagnosis. The TAAD can be used by a technician in medical settings or by correctional officers in jails or similar settings to determine when a clinician with expertise in chemical dependency should be consulted.
Availability
The TAAD has been copyrighted by Norman G. Hoffmann, Ph.D. and may not be adapted or photocopied. It can be ordered from <a href="http://www.evinceassessment.com/product_taad.html">The Change Companies/Evince Clinical Assessments</a>. The TAAD is also available by site license arrangement for large volume users (the site license provides a substantial discount).
Contact
The Change Companies<br>
5221 Sigstrom Dr.<br>
Carson City, NV 89706<br>
tel: 888-889-8866<br>
<a href="mailto:info@changecompanies.net">info@changecompanies.net</a><br>
<a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">http://www.changecompanies.net</a>
SourceRef
Hoffmann NG. TAAD: Triage Assessment for Addictive Disorders. Smithfield , RI : Evince Clinical Assessments, 1995.
OtherRef
Proctor SL, Hoffmann NG. A brief alternative for identifying alcohol use disorders. Substance Use & Misuse 2012;47(7):847-60. [doi: 10.3109/10826084.2012.674166]
Campbell TC ; Hoffmann NG ; Madson MB ; Melchert TP. Performance of a brief assessment tool for identifying substance use disorders. Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment 2003; 2(1): 13-17.
Hoffmann NG ; DeHart SS ; Campbell TC. Dependence: Whether a disorder or a disease; it is not a "concept." Journal of Chemical Dependency Treatment 2002;8(1):45-56.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20TAAD%20/%20Triage+Assessment+for+Addictive+Disorders%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Triage Assessment for Addictive Disorders (TAAD)</a>
<a href="http://www.evinceassessment.com/product_taad.html">Evince Clinical Assessments: TAAD</a>
SourceInfo
Evince Assessment
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1995
Notes
Information updated 200601 (MB).
AdminScoring
The TAAD is intended to be presented as an interview and not as a pencil-and-paper instrument. The instrument can be administered by any staff person with good interviewing skills, but interpretation is reserved for qualified licensed professionals. Administration should take no more than ten minutes. <p>
The results of the TAAD scoring can be coded in the template at the back of the interview. In most cases, a positive diagnosis for dependence for a given substance will be indicated if at least three DSM-IV categories are covered by at least five positive responses to the dependence items. A diagnosis for dependence may be indicated with fewer than five items if additional evidence suggests that the events constitute a clear pattern. Abuse is indicated by any positive response to any abuse criteria, but it is advisable to verify that the event or events have been recurrent. In all cases, only a qualified clinician can make the final determination of whether a diagnosis is indicated, based on all the evidence available.
ValidRely
The internal consistency reliabilities for both alcohol and drug dependence are over .92; reliability coefficients for alcohol abuse and drug abuse are over .82 and .84 respectively. Of those meeting minimal criteria for dependence, the TAAD documents more than the requisite three categories for the vast majority of cases. Most dependent persons have positive findings on five or more of the seven categories.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/TAAD_inst

AccessNo
260
Name
Veterans Alcoholism Screening Test
Acronym
VAST
Developer
Magruder-Habib, K.
Harris, Katherine E.
Fraker, Glynn G.
Description
The VAST is a variant of the MAST but was designed to overcome the MAST problem of being unable to distinguish between lifetime and current problems with alcohol. The VAST contains the original 24 MAST questions and retains the MAST scoring weights but follows each original question with three questions designed to identify the specific time period to which an answer refers: within the last year (considered "current"), >1 year ago but <=5 years ago and >5 years ago. Thus, the VAST distinguishes past from current alcohol abuse. Four scores can be obtained: a MAST score, a VAST-C score (for "current" alcoholism, in the past year), a VAST 1-5 score (for alcoholism in the past 1-5 years), and a VAST >5 score (for alcoholism more than 5 years ago). It is an excellent screen for use in general medical settings, and is also good in two-stage case identification approaches. The VAST can be administered by a lay person in 5-10 minutes.
Availability
Copyright 1982, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Inc.
Contact
Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Inc.<br>
Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies<br>
Piscataway, NJ 08854<br>
tel: 732-445-3510
ADAI
A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems, 1995 edition (HV 5279 N37t v. 4 [REF INST]).
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Veterans Alcoholism Screening Test 260.pdf [from NIAAA]
SourceRef
Magruder-Habib, K.; Harris, K.G.; and Fraker, G.G. Validation of the Veterans Alcoholism Screening Test. J Stud Alcohol 43(9):910-926, 1982.
OtherRef
Magruder-Habib K ; Saltz CC ; Barron PM. Age-related patterns of alcoholism among veterans in ambulatory care. Hosp Commun Psychiatry 1986;37(12):1251-1255.
Adams SL ; Waskel SA. Late onset alcoholism: Stress or structure. J Psychology 1993;127(3):329-334.
Magruder-Habib K ; Holly S ; Alling WC. Relative performance of the MAST, VAST, and CAGE versus DSM-III-R criteria for alcohol dependence. J Clin Epidem 1993;46(5):435-444.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Veterans+Alcoholism+Screening+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Veterans Alcoholism Screening Test (VAST)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (no longer included)
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
METRIC
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1982
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
ValidRely
Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/VAST_inst

AccessNo
268
Name
Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale - Modified to Reflect Obsessions and Compulsions Related to Heavy Drinking
Acronym
Y-BOCS-hd
Developer
Modell, Jack G.
Glaser, Frederick B.
Mountz, James M.
Cyr, Louis
Schmaltz, Stephen
Description
The Y-BOCS-hd was developed to reflect obsessionality and compulsivity related to heavy drinking. This instrument has been shown to be sensitive to, and specific for, the obsessive and compulsive characteristics of drinking-related thought and behavior in alcohol-abusing and alcohol-dependent populations. Preliminary data also indicate that the Y-BOCS-hd may be a useful screening instrument for the presence of alcohol abuse and dependence. The Y-BOCS-hd is especially helpful for individuals who abuse or are dependent upon alcohol. It may also be used to differentiate between these individuals and those who do not drink excessively. With appropriate modification, the scale could also be used in the evaluation of, or screening for, other addictive or compulsive disorders (this remains to be tested, however).
In clinical settings, the Y-BOCS-hd is useful for characterizing and quantifying the obsessive and compulsive qualities of heavy (alcoholic) drinking. Additionally, since there is minimal overlap of Y-BOCS-hd scores between alcoholic and nonalcoholic (control) groups, this instrument has a very high predictive power for distinguishing alcoholic from nonalcoholic individuals. One potential advantage of the Y-BOCS-hd over the CAGE and MAST questionnaires is that that Y-BOCS-hd is not dependent upon environment-dependent consequences of drinking.
In research, this instrument may be used to differentiate among subgroups of heavy drinkers (those with and without obsessive-compulsive characteristics to their drinking) and in designing treatment-matching, treatment-response studies based on Y-BOCS-hd scores. The Y-BOCS-hd is easily modifiable to study the obsessive and compulsive characteristics of other addictive disorders and may also be useful as a screening instrument for these disorders. This instrument may also be used to characterize further the similarities between alcohol abuse/dependency and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is available in pencil-and-paper self-administered or interview formats and takes about 5-10 minutes to administer.
Availability
Copyright 1992 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. A copy of the instrument is printed in the source reference (Modell et al. 1992).
Contact
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins<br>
Permissions Department<br>
tel: 800-638-3030<br>
<a href="http://www.lww.com">http://www.lww.com</a>
InstURL
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/insyboc.htm
ADAI
A complete copy of this instrument can be found in NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems, 1995 edition (HV 5279 N37t v. 4 [REF INST]). and also in the source reference (Modell et al 1992)
http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/insyboc.htm [both clinician and self-administered versions, in HTML format]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale 268.pdf [from NIAAA, both clinical and self-administered formats in PDF]
SourceRef
Modell JG ; Glaser FB ; Mountz JM ; Schmaltz S ; Cyr L. Obsessive and compulsive characteristics of alcohol abuse and dependence: Quantification by a newly developed questionnaire. Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 16(2):266-271, 1992.
OtherRef
Gau SSF, Liu CY, Lee CS, Chang JC, Chang CJ, Li CF, Chen CC, Cheng ATA. Development of a Chinese version of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for Heavy Drinking. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2005;29(7):1172-1179.
Connor JP, Feeney GFX, Young RM. A Comparison of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale for "Heavy Drinking" with a single item craving measure: construct validity and clinical utility. Substance Use & Misuse 2005;40:551-561.
Modell JG; Glaser FB; Cyr L; Mountz JM. Obsessive and compulsive characteristics of craving for alcohol in alcohol abuse and dependence. Alcoholism Clin Exp Res 16(2):272-274, 1992
Goodman WK ; Price LH ; Rasmussen SA ; Mazure C ; et al. The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1989;46:1006-1016.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Y+BOCS%20/%20Yale+Brown+Obsessive+Compulsive+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS)</a>
<a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/y_bocs.htm">NIAAA's Assessing Alcohol Problems</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Assessment
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
InstURLHost
NIAAA
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
ValidRely
Validity studies have also been done, using measures of criterion (predictive, concurrent, "postdictive").
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/Y-BOCS-hd_inst

AccessNo
269
Name
Young Adult Alcohol Problems Screening Test
Acronym
YAAPST
Developer
Hurlbut, Stephanie C.
Sher, Kenneth J.
Description
The YAAPST questionnaire assesses lifetime, past-year, and past-year's frequency of negative consequences of alcohol use among college students. The YAAPST assesses both traditional consequences (e.g., hangovers, blackouts, driving while intoxicated) and consequences presumed to occur at higher rates in a college student population (e.g., missing class, damaging property, getting involved in regrettable sexual situations). The YAAPST was originally comprised of 27 items, but 9 items were subsequently added. It is available in a pencil-and-paper self-administered format and can be administered in 5-10 minutes.
In clinical settings, the YAAPST can be used as a screening measure for lifetime and recent alcohol abuse. It can also be employed for the descriptive information it provides, identifying specific consequences and indicating their frequency of occurrence. Additionally, the scale may be used for diagnostic purposes by choosing a cut score (based on the desired specificity and sensitivity, compared with DIS/DSM-III diagnoses). The YAAPST is also a useful research tool with good psychometric properties. It can be used to augment traditional quantity and frequency items as well as items assessing frequency of heavy drinking.
Availability
Copyright 1992, Heldref Publications (now Taylor & Francis). No charge for use.
Contact
Kenneth J. Sher, Ph.D.<br>
Psychology Department<br>
210 McAlester Hall<br>
University of Missouri-Columbia<br>
Columbia, MO 65211<br>
email: <a href="mailto:sherk@missouri.edu">sherk@missouri.edu</a>
InstURL
http://dionysus.psych.wisc.edu/MediaWiki/index.php/Young_Adult_Alcohol_Problems_Screening_Test_%28YAP%29
SourceRef
Hurlbut, SC and Sher, KJ. Assessing alcohol problems in college students. J Am College Health 41:49-58, 1992.
OtherRef
Devos-Comby L; Lange JE. Standardized measures of alcohol-related problems: a review of their use among college students. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):349-361.
Torres Gonzalez MC, Palma Riveros MM, Uribi JI, Moreno Luna S. Validation of the Young Adult Alcohol Problems Screening Test "YAAPST” in a group of undergraduate students of the Pintificia Universidad Javeriana. Univ Psychol Bogotá (Colombia) 2006;5(1):175-190. (in Spanish) <a href="http://www.oalib.com/paper/2384840#.VRReBOFGzD8">English abstract online</a>
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20YAAPST%20/%20Young+Adult+Alcohol+Problems+Screening+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Young Adult Alcohol Problems Screening Test (YAAPST)</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA (1995 edition, not included in later editions; only features about four sample items, so didn't bother scanning this (MB, 200706))
InstrumentType
Assessment
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200501
Year
1992
InstURLHost
Addiction Research Laboratory Wiki, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin
AdminScoring
No special training is required for the administration of this instrument.
Scoring is done by a SAS program, which provides scores for lifetime (ever occurred), recent (occurred in past year), and the severity of problems (weighted by frequency of occurrence during the past year). The program is available from the authors.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done using test-retest and internal consistency measures. Validity studies have also been done, using measures of content, criterion, and construct.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/YAAPST_adai_inst

AccessNo
274
Name
NIAAA Alcohol Consumption Questions
Developer
NIAAA Task Force on Recommended Questions of the National Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Description
The Task Force on Recommended Alcohol Questions, a task force of NIAAA's Council met on October 15-16, 2003, in Bethesda, MD, to develop recommended minimum sets of alcohol consumption questions, for researchers in other fields who only have resources to ask a limited number of alcohol-related questions. The recommended sets of 3, 4, 5 or 6 items are presented. All of the sets of questions are aimed at eliciting patterns of consumption, not just amount consumed. <p>The 3 item set asks about the frequency of past 12 month drinking, the number of drinks consumed on a typical drinking day in the past 12 months and about the frequency of binge drinking in the past 12 months, in order to capture information about both level of consumption and drinking patterns, as recommended above. The 4 item set adds a question about the maximum number of drinks consumed in a 24-hour period in the past 12 months. This question is important because it provides additional information about drinking patterns and because it is highly correlated with alcohol use disorders. It is inserted before the binge drinking question which then becomes question 4 in the 4 item set. The 5 item set adds a question about maximum drinks in a 24 hour period in the respondent's lifetime, as the last question in the set. And finally, the 6 item set adds, as the fourth question immediately following the item about maximum drinks in a 24-hour period in the past 12 months, an item which asks about the frequency of consuming this maximum number of drinks in the past 12 months. <p>The task force consensus was that asking about alcohol consumption over the past 12 months was the best choice of timeframe.
Availability
This instrument is in the public domain. The question sets are all available for free on the NIAAA web site.
InstURL
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/research/guidelines-and-resources/recommended-alcohol-questions
SourceRef
NIAAA NIAAA Task Force on Recommended Questions of the National Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Recommended Sets of Alcohol Consumption Questions, October 15-16, 2003. Published on the web October 20, 2004.
OtherRef
Rehm J, Greenfield TK, Rogers JD. Average volume of alcohol consumption, patterns of drinking and all-cause mortality. Results from the U.S. National Alcohol Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology 153, 64-71, 2001.
Caetano R, Tam T, Greenfield TK, Cherpitel CJ, Midanik LT. DSM-IV alcohol dependence and drinking in the U.S. population: A risk analysis. Annals of Epidemiology 7, 542-549, 1997.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20NIAAA+Alcohol+Consumption+Questions%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: NIAAA Alcohol Consumption Questions</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://bit.ly/NIAAA4Q_inst">NIAAA-2Q/NIAAA-4Q</a>
SourceInfo
NIAAA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
NIAAA
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200501
Year
2004
InstURLHost
NIAAA
Notes
Updated 2/16/2012, MB
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/Alcohol-Consumption_inst

AccessNo
275
Name
Retrospective Alcohol and Other Substance Use Measure
Acronym
RETROSUB
Developer
Windle, Michael
Description
The Retrospective Alcohol and Other Substance Use Measure (RETROSUB) was designed to assess key elements of alcohol and other substance use, including the frequency and quantity of use, binge drinking, drinking style (e.g., steady, social or occasional, weekend), and treatment for alcohol and other substance use problems. The measure consisted of 44 items that were part of an interview protocol. The measure included a (repeat) sequence of eight items that targeted each year probed. Questions were posed in terms of alcohol or substance use during a 1-year period identified by the interviewer. The measure may be used as part of a battery to screen for levels of potential problems among incoming students in college settings or to provide reliable historical patterns of substance use for etiologic studies that are initiated with young adult samples.
Contact
Michael Windle<br>
UAB Center for the Advancement of Youth Health<br>
912 Building<br>
1530 3rd Ave. S.<br>
Birmingham, AL 35294-1200<br>
tel: 205-975-9643<br>
<a href="mailto:windle@uab.edu">windle@uab.edu</a>
ADAI
[copy of instrument NOT included in source reference]
SourceRef
Windle M. Retrospective use of alcohol and other substances by college students: Psychometric properties of a new measure. Addict Behav 2005;30:337-342.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RETROSUB%20/%20Retrospective+Alcohol+%26+Other+Substance+Use+Measure%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Retrospective Alcohol and Other Substance Use Measure (RETROSUB)</a>
SourceInfo
source reference
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Assessment
Screening
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200501
Year
2005
Notes
Guided by timeline followback and other retrospective assessments of alcohol and substance use (Fals-Stewart W, et.al., 2000; Sobell & Sobell, 1996). No copy of the instrument in the source article.
Status
public
Population
College students
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RETROSUB_inst

AccessNo
284
Name
UNCOPE
Acronym
UNCOPE
Developer
Hoffmann, Norman G.
Description
The UNCOPE is a six-item screening tool composed of questions selected from existing instruments and assorted research reports. Keywords in the questions form the acronym UNCOPE (e.g. Use, Neglected, Cut down, etc.). It provides a simple and quick means of identifying risk for abuse and dependence for alcohol and other drugs, when neither is already clearly identified as a problem. Appropriate venues for its use would be mental health and medical clinics, employee assistance counseling, marital and family counseling. It is not appropriate for evaluating persons arrested for driving under the influence, those presenting for treatment, or those being evaluated for any issue associated with substances.<p>
<ul>
<b>U</b> - Have you spent more time drinking or using than you intended to?<br>
<b>N</b> - Have you ever neglected some of your usual responsibilities because of using alcohol or drugs?<br>
<b>C</b> - Have you felt you wanted or needed to cut down on your drinking or drug use?<br>
<b>O</b> - Has anyone objected to your drinking or drug use?<br>
<b>P</b> - Have you found yourself preoccupied with drinking or using?<br>
<b>E</b> - Have you ever used alcohol or drugs to relieve emotional discomfort, such as sadness, anger, or boredom?<br>
</ul>
Availability
The UNCOPE is available free on the web and has been printed in various publications. The questions may be used free of charge for oral administration in any medical psychosocial, or clinical interview. Attribution to the developer is requested when citing the instrument.
Contact
The Change Companies<br>
5221 Sigstrom Dr.<br>
Carson City, NV 89706<br>
tel: 888-889-8866<br>
<a href="mailto:info@changecompanies.net">info@changecompanies.net</a><br>
<a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">http://www.changecompanies.net</a>
InstURL
http://www.evinceassessment.com/UNCOPE_for_web.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\UNCOPE 284.pdf
[downloaded from Evince page]
SourceRef
Zywiak WH; Hoffmann NG; Floyd AS. Enhancing alcohol treatment outcomes through aftercare and self-help groups. Medicine & Health/Rhode Island 82(3):87-90, 1999.
OtherRef
Proctor SL, Hoffmann NG. The UNCOPE: An effective brief screen for DSM-5 substance use disorders in correctional settings. Psychol Addict Behav 2016;30(5):613-618
Hoffmann NG; Hunt DE; Rhodes WM; Riley KJ. UNCOPE : A brief substance dependence screen for use with arrestees. J Drug Issues 2003;33(1):29-44
Campbell TC; Hoffmann NG; Hoffmann TD; Gillaspy JA. UNCOPE: A screen for substance dependence among state prison inmates. The Prison Journal 2005;85(1):7-17
Breshears EM; Yeh S; Young NK. Understanding Substance Abuse and Facilitating Recovery: A Guide for Child Welfare Workers. Rockville MD: SAMHSA National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare, 2004.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20UNCOPE%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: UNCOPE</a>
<a href="http://www.cffutures.org/presentations/webinars/uncope-screening-tool-substance-use-child-welfare-settings">UNCOPE: A Screening Tool for Use in Child Welfare Settings</a>.
SourceInfo
pdf doc linked above (Evince web page)
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200503
Year
1999
InstURLHost
Evince Clinical Assessments
AdminScoring
Information about scoring and psychometrics of the UNCOPE is included on the document linked above and in the cited references.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/UNCOPE_inst

AccessNo
285
Name
Cigarette Dependence Scale
Acronym
CDS-12
CDS-5
Developer
Etter, Jean-Francois
Le Houezec, J.
Perneger, Thomas V.
Description
CDS-12 is a 12-item, reliable measure of cigarette dependence. The scale is a brief, self-administered, continuous measure, useful for clinicians and researchers. A shorter, five-item version of the scale, the CDS-5, is also available.<p>
Except for tolerance, CDS-12 covers the main components of DSM-IV and ICD-10 definitions of dependence: compulsion, withdrawal symptoms, loss of control, time allocation, neglect of other activities, and persistence despite harm. The CDS-12 has better content validity and internal consistency than the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and was a slightly better predictor of withdrawal symptoms. This scale may represent an alternative to FTND for measuring cigarette dependence.
Availability
French and English versions are appended to the source reference (Etter, 2003) and the English version is appended to the supporting reference (Etter, 2005).
Contact
Jean-Francois Etter<br>
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine<br>
University of Geneva, CMU<br>
1 rue Michel-Servet<br>
CH-1211 Geneva 4 Switzerland<br>
<a href="mailto:jean-francois.etter@imsp.unige.ch">jean-francois.etter@imsp.unige.ch</a><br>
<a href="http://www.stop-tabac.ch">http://www.stop-tabac.ch</a>
InstURL
http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/tcrb/cds_12.html
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Cigarette Dependence Scale 285.pdf
[from Etter 2005]
SourceRef
Etter J; Le Houezec J; Perneger TV. A self-administered questionnaire to measure dependence on cigarettes: the Cigarette Dependence Scale. Neuropsychopharmacology 28:359-370, 2003. [<a href="http://www.nature.com/npp/journal/v28/n2/full/1300030a.html">Full text</a>]
OtherRef
Berlin I, Singleton EG, Heishman SJ. A comparison of the Fagerström Test for Cigarette Dependence and Cigarette Dependence Scale in a treatment-seeking sample of pregnant smokers. Nicotine Tobacco Res 2016;18(4):477-83. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv108
Courvoisier D; Etter J. Using item response theory to study the convergent and discriminant validity of three questionnaires measuring cigarette dependence. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(3):391-401.
Etter J. A comparison of the content-, construct- and predictive validity of the Cigarette Dependence Scale and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2005;77(3):259-268. [includes copy of the scale]
Piper ME ; McCarthy DE ; Baker TB. Assessing tobacco dependence : a guide to measure evaluation and selection. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2006;8(3):339-351.
Etter J; Le Houezec J; Huguelet P; Etter M. Testing the Cigarette Dependence Scale in 4 samples of daily smokers: psychiatric clinics, smoking cessation clinics, a smoking cessation website and in the general population. Addictive Behaviors 2009;34(5):446-50.
Courvoisier DS; Etter J. Comparing the predictive validity of five cigarette dependence questionnaires. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010; 107(2-3):128-133.



Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CDS%20/%20Cigarette+Dependence+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Cigarette Dependence Scale (CDS)</a>
SourceInfo
Source Ref and Other Ref (Etter, 2003, 2005)
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
ns, PM
EntryDate
200501
Year
2003
InstURLHost
NCI Tobacco Control Research
ValidRely
Both the CDS-12 and CDS-5 fulfill several criteria of content and construct validity and are sensitive to change over time. More details about the psychometrics of these instruments are available in the source and supporting references.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Smokers
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CDS_inst

AccessNo
289
Name
Drug Attitude Inventory
Acronym
DAI
Developer
Hogan, Thomas P.
Awad, A.G.
Eastwood, Robin
Description
The Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI) assesses the patient's subjective response to medications. The instrument focuses on unpleasant and negative subjective responses that are common adverse effects of anti-psychotic medications. In clinical settings, the DAI may be used to identify patients at highest risk for poor compliance with prescribed medications related to subjective medication response. Such patients may benefit from a medication change. Other psychotherapeutic interventions may also be appropriate. The DAI is a brief, easy-to-use self-report instrument that consists of 10 items and takes 10 minutes to complete. It provides a reliable and valid assessment of dysphoric response to antipsychotic medication treatment.
Availability
The DAI has been published by Hogan et.al. (1983). Copies may also be obtained from the author (Awad). No formal permission is required to use the DAI; however, it should be properly cited in all publications. It is available without cost. A scoring manual is included in Awad (1993) or may be obtained from the author. The DAI has been translated into Chinese, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Polish, and Spanish.
Contact
A. George Awad, M.D.<br>
Clarke Institute of Psychiatry<br>
250 College Street, Ste. 724<br>
Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada<br>
tel: 416-979-6865
ADAI
The measure is included on the CD-ROM that accompanies the APA Handbook.
SourceRef
Hogan TP, Awad AG, Eastwood R. A self-report scale predictive of drug compliance in schizophrenics: reliability and discriminative validity. Psychol Med 1983;13:177-183.
OtherRef
Townsend L, Floersch J, Findling RL. Adolescent attitudes toward psychiatric medication: The utility of the Drug Attitude Inventory. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2009;50(12):1523-31. [<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/19686336/?tool=pubmed">free online</a>]
Rossi, Alessandro; Arduini, Luca; De Cataldo, Stefano; Stratta, Paolo. Subjective response to neuroleptic medication: A validation study of the Italian version of the Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI). [Italian]. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale 2001;10(2): 107-114.
Awad AD. Subjective response to neuroleptics in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull 1993;19:609-618.
SourceInfo
APA
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
APA
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200503
Year
1983
AdminScoring
Patients with low literacy or severe psychotic symptoms may need assistance from the staff to complete the DAI. No training is required to read the items to patients who are unable to read the items themselves.
GoldStar
http://lib.adai.washington.edu/images/goldstar2.gif
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DAI_inst

AccessNo
300
Name
Hooked on Nicotine Checklist
Acronym
HONC
Developer
DiFranza, Joseph R
Savegeau, Judith A
Fletcher, K.
Ockene, J.K.
Rigotti, N.A.
McNeil, A.D.
Coleman, M.
Wood, C.
Description
The Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC) is a 10-item screening tool originally developed to assess loss of autonomy over tobacco in adolescent smokers. It is a standardized index that can be applied across the lifespan because it is sufficiently sensitive to pinpoint the onset of lost autonomy in novice smokers and reliably distinguishes between degrees of lost autonomy among those who have been smoking for many years. The ability to use the HONC with both adult and adolescent smokers, including low-dose smokers, allows for comparisons between these populations and represents a significant strength of the HONC.<p>
The HONC may be useful to practicing clinicians as a self-administered office tool. It identifies youths for whom help and encouragement with cessation would be appropriate. As a self-assessment tool, the HONC might promote progression to a more advanced stage of change, stimulating youths to attempt cessation earlier when success is more likely. The HONC could be used in mass media campaigns to educate youths to recognize the first signs of dependence. In research applications, a HONC score of 1 or higher would be more appropriate for defining the transition from "experimental" to "established" smoking than either "lifetime use of 100 cigarettes" or "daily smoking," as these measures do not assess dependence. The HONC is being adopted as a measure of dependence and a predictor of relapse in ongoing smoking cessation trials.
Availability
A comprehensive manual for the HONC (as well as a copy of the scale itself with translations in French, German, Greek, Italian, Polish, and Portuguese) can be downloaded from the Family Medicine and Community Health web site: <a href="http://fmchapps.umassmed.edu/honc/TOC.htm">http://fmchapps.umassmed.edu/honc/TOC.htm</a>.
Contact
Joseph R. DiFranza, M.D.<br>
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health<br>
University of Massachusetts Medical School<br>
55 Lake Ave. N.<br>
Worcester, MA 01655<br>
tel: 508-856-5658<br>
<a href="mailto:difranzj@ummhc.org">difranzj@ummhc.org</a>
InstURL
http://www.tobaccorecovery.org/media/files/The%20Hooked%20on%20Nicotine%20Checklist%20%28HONC%29.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Hooked on Nicotine Checklist 300.pdf
[from Wellman 2005 ref]
SourceRef
DiFranza JR; Savageau JA; Fletcher K; Ockene JK; Rigotti NA; McNeill AD; Coleman M; Wood C. Measuring the loss of autonomy over nicotine use in adolescents: The Development and Assessment of Nicotine Dependence in Youths (DANDY) Study. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine 2002;156:397-403.
OtherRef
Wellman RJ ; DiFranza JR ; Pbert L ; Fletcher KE ; Flint A ; Young MH ; Druker S. A comparison of the psychometric properties of the hooked on nicotine checklist and the modified Fagerstrom tolerance questionnaire. Addictive Behaviors 2006;31(3):486-495.
Wellman RJ ; Savageau JA ; Godiwala S ; Savageau N ; Friedman K ; Hazelton J ; DiFranza JR. A comparison of the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence in adult smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2006;8(4):575-580.
Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR, Savegeau JA, Godiwala S, Friedman K, Hazelton J. Measuring adults' loss of autonomy over nicotine use: The Hooked on Nicotine Checklist. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2005;7(1):157-161
Wheeler KC; Fletcher KE; Wellman RJ; DiFranza JR. Screening adolescents for nicotine dependence: The Hooked on Nicotine Checklist. Journal of Adolescent Health 2004;35:225-230.
Sledjeski EM; Dierker LC; Costello D; Shiffman S; Donny E; Flay BR; Tobacco Etiology Research Network (TERN). Predictive validity of four nicotine dependence measures in a college sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2007;87:10-19.
Kleinjan M; van den Eijnden RJJM; van Leeuwe J; Otten R; Brug J; Engels RCME. Factorial and convergent validity of nicotine dependence measures in adolescents: Toward a multidimensional approach. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2007;9(11):1109-1118.
Scragg R ; Wellman RJ ; Laugesen M ; DiFranza JR. Diminished autonomy over tobacco can appear with the first cigarettes. Addictive Behaviors 2008;33(5):689-698.
Carpenter MJ; Baker NL; Gray KM; Upadhyaya HP. Assessment of nicotine dependence among adolescent and young adult smokers: a comparison of measures. Addictive Behaviors 2010;35(11):977-982.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20HONC%20/%20Hooked+on+Nicotine+Checklist%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC)</a>
SourceInfo
Wellman (2005) ref.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
ns, PM
EntryDate
200508
Year
2002
InstURLHost
TobaccoRecovery.org
AdminScoring
The 10-item self-administered screening tool takes about 5 minutes to complete. A smoker's endorsement of any item indicates some loss of autonomy over tobacco, and the sum of endorsed items indicates the degree to which autonomy has been lost.
ValidRely
Construct validity was demonstrated by its utility in predicting failed cessation and the progression of tobacco use. In addition, the psychometric properties were excellent (DiFranza, 2002). The Wellman (2005) reference includes more detailed information on validity and reliability in adult smokers.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Smokers
Permalink
http://bit.ly/HONC_inst

AccessNo
303
Name
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument
Acronym
MAYSI
Developer
Grisso, Thomas
Description
The MAYSI was developed in 1994 with an updated version, the MAYSI-2, released in 2000 (no questions were changed for the MAYSI-2). It is a 52-item brief screening instrument designed to identify potential mental health needs or emotional disturbances, including alcohol or drug use, for youths aged 12-17 years old at any entry or transitional placement point in the juvenile justice system. Subscales include: Alcohol/Drug Use, Angry-Irritable, Depressed-Anxious, Somatic Complaints, Suicide Ideation, Thought Disturbance, and Traumatic Experiences. Only a fifth-grade reading level is required, though questions can also be read to children unable to read themselves.
Availability
Spanish language paper-and-pencil version and English language CD-ROM are available. If you would like to use the MAYSI-2, you may do so if you complete and send in the form (the MAYSI-2 registry) that is provided in the manual. Once you have registered, however, you may use the instrument without any charges.
Contact
Professional Resource Press<br>
P.O. Box 15560<br>
Sarasota, FL 34277-1560<br>
<a href="http://www.prpress.com/MAYSI-2-2006-Massachusetts-Youth-Screening-Instrument-Users-Manual-Technical-Report-_p_170.html">http://www.prpress.com/MAYSI-2-2006-Massachusetts-Youth-Screening-Instrument-Users-Manual-Technical-Report-_p_170.html</a>
SourceRef
Grisso T ; Barnum R. Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument (MAYSI): Preliminary manual and technical report. Worcester, MA : University of Massachusetts Medical School, 1998.
OtherRef
Grisso, T., & Barnum, R. (2000). Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-2 (MAYSI-2): User's manual and technical report. Worschester, MA: University of Massachusetts Medical School.
Grisso T; Barnum R; Fletcher KE; Cauffman E; Peuschold D. Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument for mental health needs of juvenile justice youths. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2001;40(5):514-8. [about the MAYSI-2]
SourceInfo
NFATTC
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Recommended
NFATTC
EnteredBy
MB, PM
EntryDate
200507
Year
1994
Notes
Selected as an evidence based adolescent screening instrument in: Dembo, Richard. Introduction. Subst Use & Misuse 2005;40(7):879-885.
AdminScoring
The MAYSI (and MAYSI-2) consists of 52 items and takes approximately 8-10 minutes for administration. It is a pencil and paper self-report inventory. Scores for scales are the number of "yes" responses circled by the youth. A scoring key is used by the scorer and then transferred to a Scoring Profile. The Scoring Profile indicates if score is beyond two levels called "Caution" and "Warning." These levels indicate need for special attention, evaluation, or intervention.
No specific training is required for test administration.
ValidRely
Reliability studies have been done on the MAYSI (test-retest). Measures of construct validity have also been done.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MAYSI_inst

AccessNo
310
Name
Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test - Geriatric version
Acronym
MAST-G
Developer
Blow, Frederick C.
Description
Warning signs of substance abuse (e.g. sleep problems, falls, or confusion) can be confused with or masked by other illness or chronic conditions associated with aging. The MAST-G was developed by the University of Michigan Alcohol Research Center specifically for older adults. It has has high sensitivity and specificity among older adults recruited from a wide range of settings, including primary care clinics, nursing homes, and older adult congregate housing locations.

<p> The MAST-G has 24 questions and can be administered as part of the intake process when alcohol problems are suspected. A response of "yes" to six or more questions indicates a need for followup. The short form of the MAST-G can be used when time does not permit use of the MAST-G. (The CAGE was recommended for patients over 60 by the Consensus Panel authors of CSAT TIP 24, which is directed at primary care providers.)
Availability
Copyright Regents of the University of Michigan, 1991. Available in TIP 26, which is available for free on-line (see link in Instrument URL field below).
Contact
Frederick C. Blow, PhD<br>
Universityof Michigan Alcohol Research Center<br>
400 E. Eisenhower Parkway, Suite A<br>
Ann Arbor, MI 48104<br>
tel: 313-998-7952
InstURL
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64419/
ADAI
TIP 26, HTML version: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64419/
SourceRef
Blow FC, Brower KJ, Schulenberg JE, Demo-Dananberg LM, Young JP, Beresford TP. The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test - Geriatric version (MAST-G): A new elderly-specific screening instrument. Alcoholism: Clin Exper Res 1992;16:372 [abstract of presentation at annual meeting of RSA, 1992, San Diego, CA]
OtherRef
Moore AA ; Seeman T ; Morgenstern H ; Beck JC ; Reuben DB. Are there differences between older persons who screen positive on the CAGE questionnaire and the Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test - Geriatric Version? J Am Geriatr Soc 2002;50:858-862
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20MAST-G%20/%20Michigan%20Alcoholism%20Screening%20Test%20Geriatric%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Michican Alcoholism Screening Test - Geriatric version (MAST-G)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20156%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST)</a>
SourceInfo
see TIP 26
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Screening
Recommended
TIP 26
EnteredBy
ns
Year
1991
InstURLHost
HSTAT
Status
public
Population
Adults
MatrixRecd
Megan
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MAST-G_inst

AccessNo
311
Name
Simple Screening Instrument for Substance Abuse
Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse
Acronym
SSI-SA
SSI-SOA
SSI-AOD
Developer
Winters, Ken C
Zenilman, Jonathan M
(Consensus Panel Co-chairs)
Description
The SSI-SA was designed for the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) to encompass a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms for substance use disorders, and particularly to screen patients in mental health settings for co-occurring substance abuse disorders. It is consistent with a biopsychosocial view of substance use disorders, the view adopted by the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association. The SSI-SA has 16 items, of which 14 were derived from existing drug and alcohol screening tools. Fourteen of the items are scored, thus scores can range from 0 to 14; a score of 4 or greater has become the established cut-off point warranting a referral for a full assessment. This scale has also been called the "Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drugs" or SSI-SOA.<p>

The SSI-SA measures five domains: 1) Substance consumption; 2) Preoccupation and loss of control; 3) Adverse consequences; 4) Problem recognition; and 5) Tolerance and withdrawal. <p>

The SSI-SA is available in both interview and self-administered formats. It has been used with a variety of populations including those in correction-based drug treatment programs, treatment for co-occurring disorders, drug courts, adolescent medical patients, and homeless patients. Its simplicity makes it easy to incorporate into treatment services. Ideally the screening test should be given in its entirety, but if that is not feasible, a subset of 4 items can be administered -- questions 1,2,3 and 16 -- which constitute the short form of the instrument.<p>

The Simple Screening Instrument for Substance Abuse is recommended in CSAT TIP 42 (see below) for use in mental health settings to screen for substance abuse issues.
Availability
The SSI-SA is in the public domain and can be used without charge or permission, and can be reproduced without limit, according to the instructions.
InstURL
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64197/
ADAI
TIP 42, Appendix H, HTML version: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64197/
SourceRef
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons With Co-Occurring Disorders. (Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005. Appendix H: Screening Instruments, pp. 497-512.
Winters K; Zenilman J. Simple screening instrument for outreach for alcohol and other drug abuse and infectious diseases (Vol. 11 Publication number SMA 02-3683). Rockville, MD : Center for Substance Abuse Treatment: US Department of Health and Human Services (SAMHSA).
OtherRef
Kills Small NJ; Simons JS; Stricherz M. Assessing criterion validity of the Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (SSI-AOD) in a college population. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(10):2425-2431.
Knight JR; Goodman E; Pulerwitz T: DuRant RH. Reliabilities of short substance abuse screening tests among adolescent medical patients. Pediatrics 2000;105(4 pt 2): 948-953
Knight JR; Wechsler H; Kuo M; Seibring M; et al. Alcohol abuse and dependence among U.S. college students. J Stud Alcohol 2002;63:263-270
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SSI+SA%20/%20Simple+Screening+Instrument+for+Substance+Abuse%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Simple Screening Instrument for Substance Abuse (SSI-SA)</a>
RelatedInst
Modified Simple Screening Instrument for Substance Abuse <a href="http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/qi/qi-mssi-sa-en.pdf">
http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/downloads/pdf/qi/qi-mssi-sa-en.pdf</a>
SourceInfo
TIP 42 Appendix H; see also TIP 11 (original source)
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
TIP 16
TIP 42
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200505
Year
1994
InstURLHost
TIP 42 (CSAT)
Notes
Early versions had other names: Simple Screening Instrument for Outreach for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse; Simple Screening Instrument (SSI), and Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (SSI-AOD).
ValidRely
Studies have shown the SSI-SA to have high sensitivity and excellent test-retest reliability. (see source reference).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Co-occurring clients
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SSI-SA_inst

AccessNo
312
Name
Mental Health Screening Form - III
Acronym
MHSF-III
Developer
Carroll, Jerome FX
McGinley, John L
Description
The Mental Health Screening Form-III (MHSF-III) is a 17-item instrument designed as a mental health screening tool for clients seeking admission to substance abuse treatment programs. Preliminary examination of the instrument has shown it to be reliable and valid.<p>

Each question is answered either "yes" or "no." All questions reflect the respondent's entire life history; therefore all questions begin with the phrase "Have you ever. . ." The preferred mode of administration is for staff members to read each item to respondents and get their "yes" and "no" responses, then follow up "yes" responses with more probing. The MHSF-III can also be given directly to clients to complete, providing they have sufficient reading skills. <p>

The first four questions on the MHSF-III are not unique to any particular diagnosis; however, questions 5 through 17 reflect symptoms associated with the following diagnoses/diagnostic categories: Q5, Schizophrenia; Q6, Depressive Disorders; Q7, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Q8, Phobias; Q9, Intermittent Explosive Disorder; Q10, Delusional Disorder; Q11, Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders; Q12, Eating Disorders (Anorexia, Bulimia); Q13, Manic Episode; Q14, Panic Disorder; Q15, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; Q16, Pathological Gambling; and Q17, Learning Disorder and Mental Retardation.<p>

The Mental Health Screening Form-III is recommended in CSAT TIP 42 (see below) for use in substance abuse treatment settings to screen for mental health problems.
Availability
Copyright 2000 by Project Return Foundation, Inc. The MHSF-III may be reproduced or copied, in entirety, without permission. Citation of the source is appreciated.
InstURL
http://www.idph.state.ia.us/bh/common/pdf/substance_abuse/integrated_services/jackson_mentalhealth_screeningtool.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Mental Health Screening Form - III 312.pdf [downloaded from SAMHSA site]
SourceRef
Carroll JFX, McGinley JJ. A screening form for identifying mental health problems in alcohol/other drug dependent persons. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 2001;19(4):33-47.
OtherRef
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons With Co-Occurring Disorders. (Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 42). Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005. Appendix H: Screening Instruments, pp. 497-512.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Mental+Health+Screening+Form%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Mental Health Screening Form - III (MHSF-III)</a>
SourceInfo
TIP 42 Appendix H; see also Contact URL
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Psychological assessment
Recommended
TIP 42
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200505
Year
2000
InstURLHost
Iowa Dept of Public Health
AdminScoring
The instrument requires minimal training to use. Most clients complete it in 15 minutes. The MHSF-III features a "Total Score" line to reflect the total number of "yes" responses. The maximum score on the MHSF-III is 18 (question 6 has two parts). This feature will permit programs to do research and program evaluation on the mental health-chemical dependence interface for their clients.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Co-occurring clients
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MHSF-III_inst

AccessNo
319
Name
Internet Addiction Scale
Acronym
IAS
Developer
Nichols, Laura A.
Nicki, Richard
Description
The Internet Addiction Scale (IAS) is a 31-item self-report instrument based on the 7 substance dependence criteria from the DSM-IV, plus 2 additional criteria recommended by Griffiths (1998). Scale items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale (1 = never, 2 = rarely, 3 = sometimes, 4 = frequently, 5 = always), with higher scores representing greater Internet addiction.
Contact
Laura A. Nichols<br>
Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick<br>
Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 6E4<br>
Canada<br>
<a href="mailto:z77az@unb.ca">z77az@unb.ca</a>
ADAI
[scale items NOT included in source reference]
SourceRef
Nichols LA, Nicki R. Development of a psychometrically sound Internet Addiction Scale: A preliminary step. Psychol Addict Behav 2004;18(4):381-4.
OtherRef
Nichols, L. A., & Nicki, R. M. (2000, June). Does Internet addiction really exist? A need to develop a psychometrically sound assessment scale. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Griffiths M. Internet addiction: Does it really exist? Psychology and the Internet. In: Jayne Gackenbach (ed.). Psychology and the Internet. New York : Academic Press, 1998, pp. 61-75.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Internet+Addiction+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Internet Addiction Scale (IAS)</a>
SourceInfo
source article
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
ns, PM
EntryDate
200505
Year
2004
AdminScoring
The IAS should be scored by adding Likert responses across the 31 items. The developers suggest a cutoff score of 93 (3 × 31 items) as indicative of possible Internet addiction.
ValidRely
The IAS is a highly reliable and internally consistent measure (Cronbach's [alpha] = .95). The IAS has good content validity, and its construct validity was also supported, as Family and Social Loneliness were found to be strongly associated with IAS scores.
Status
public
Population
College students
Permalink
http://bit.ly/IAS_inst

AccessNo
321
Name
CAGE - Adapted to Include Drugs
Acronym
CAGE-AID
Developer
Brown, Richard L.
Saunders, Laura A.
Description
The CAGE-AID modifies the CAGE questions for use in screening for drugs other than alcohol. Like the CAGE, the CAGE-AID focuses on lifetime use; although individuals who are drug dependent may screen positive, individuals who are at risk may not not. In a study of its usefulness in a community family practice (Brown & Rounds, 1991), it had a sensitivity of 79 percent and a specificity of 77 percent. The authors suggested that stigma associated with illicit drugs may have limited its sensitivity. Limitations of the CAGE-AID are similar to the CAGE, in that it does not distinguish between active and inactive problems and has not been validated for identifying hazardous or harmful use.
<p>

1. Have you ever felt that you ought to <b>C</b>ut down on your drinking or drug use?<br>
2. Have people <b>A</b>nnoyed you by criticizing your drinking or drug use?<br>
3. Have you ever felt bad or <b>G</b>uilty about your drinking or drug use?<br>
4. Have you ever had a drink or used drugs first thing in the morning (<b>E</b>ye-opener) to steady your nerves, e.g. get rid of a hangover, or get the day started?

<p>

One or more "yes" responses constitute a positive screening test. Note, however, that due to language barriers, individual interpretation of the questions, or other confounding factors, individuals answering "no" to all CAGE -AID questions may still be at risk due to elevated drinking or drug use levels.

<p>

The CAGE-AID has been validated as four-item self-report and parent-report versions as a screen for substance use disorders among adolescents in mental health care.
Availability
This measure is in the public domain.
InstURL
http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/clinical-practice/screening-tools
ADAI
TIP16/24, HTML version http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=hstat5.table.46449
SourceRef
Brown RL, Rounds LA. Conjoint screening questionnaires for alcohol and other drug abuse: Criterion validity in a primary care practice. Wis Med J 1995;94:135-140.
OtherRef
Hinkin CH, Castellon SA, Dickson-Fuhrman E, Daum G, Jaffe J, Jarvik L. Screening for drug and alcohol abuse among older adults using a modified version of the CAGE. Am J Addict 2001;10:319-326.
Couwenbergh C; Van Der Gaag RJ; Koeter M; De Ruiter C; Van Den Brink W. Screening for substance abuse among adolescents: validity of the CAGE-AID in youth mental health care. Substance Use and Misuse 2009;44(6):823-834.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CAGE+AID%20/%20CAGE+adapted+to+include+drugs%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: CAGE-AID</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2058%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">CAGE</a>
SourceInfo
tip 16, tip 24
InstrumentType
Screening
Recommended
TIP 16
TIP 24
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200505
Year
1991
InstURLHost
SAMHSA-HRSA Center for Integrated Health Solutions
AdminScoring
One or more "yes" responses constitute a positive screening test. Note, however, that due to language barriers, individual interpretation of the questions, or other confounding factors, individuals answering "no" to all CAGE -AID questions may still be at risk due to elevated drinking or drug use levels.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Co-occurring clients
Adults
AltURL
http://adai.uw.edu/instruments/pdf/CAGE-AID.pdf
AltURLHost
Download on ADAI website.
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAGE-AID_inst

AccessNo
330
Name
Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test - Revised
Acronym
SAAST-R
Developer
Vickers-Douglas, Kristin S
Patten, Christi A
Decker, Paul A
Offord, Kenneth P
Colligan, Robert C
Islam-Zwart, Kayleen A
Wolter, Troy D
Croghan, Ivana T
Hall-Flavin, Daniel
Hurt, Richard D
Description
The SAAST-R is a brief (31-item) alcoholism screening measure for use in research and clinical practice. Although the original SAAST (Swenson and Morse, 1975) is a sensitive and valid alcohol screening measure, several research and clinical issues related to use of the SAAST supported the need for a revision. This revised version of the SAAST allows for: improved assessment of lifetime experience of alcohol-related problems; differentiation between current and past drinking status; separation of respondents who are in recovery from alcoholism from those manifesting current alcoholism; inclusion of screening items associated with the DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse in the item pool; and updating the language of the items.
It may be useful in epidemiological studies when the researcher is interested in capturing lifetime experience of alcohol use-related problems and current drinking status with a brief self-report measure, or when researchers are collecting this information by mail.
Availability
Copyright information is unavailable. The test items are included in the source article.
Contact
Kristin S. Vickers-Douglas, Ph.D.<br>
Mayo Clinic<br>
200 First St., SW<br>
Rochester, MN 55905<br>
<a href="mailto:vickersdouglas.kristin@mayo.edu">vickersdouglas.kristin@mayo.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Self Administered Alcoholism Screening Test Revised 330.pdf [from source reference]
SourceRef
Vickers-Douglas KS ; Patten CA ; Decker PA ; Offord KP ; Colligan RC ; Islam-Zwart KA ; Wolter TD ; Croghan IT ; Hall-Flavin D ; Hurt RD. Revision of the Self- Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST-R): a pilot study. Substance Use & Misuse 2005;40(6):789-812. [includes listing of scale items]
OtherRef
Swenson WM ; Morse RM. The use of a self-administered alcoholism screening test (SAAST) in a medical center. Mayo Clin Proc 1975;50:204-208.
Patten CA; Vickers KS; Offord KP; Decker PA; Colligan RC; Bronars C; Reese MM; Seime RJ; Hall-Flavin DK; Hurt RD. Validation of the Revised Self-Administered Alcohol Screening Test (SAAST-R). American Journal on Addictions 2006;15(6):409-421.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SAAST-R%20/%20Self+Administered+Alcoholism+Screening+Test+Revised%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test - Revised (SAAST-R)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20215%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST)</a>
SourceInfo
Source article
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200506
Year
2005
AdminScoring
In scoring the SAAST-R, the total number of items, 1-29, endorsed in the alcoholic direction was summed. Item 19 consists of six separate items and each counted individually in the scoring. Items 30 and 31 were not included in the scoring algoirthm. Instead, the responses to these items are to assist the clinician or researcher in considering the total SAAST-R score in the context of the patient's most recent alcohol use and lifetime experience regarding alcohol use. Total scores can range from 0 to 34.
ValidRely
Results from the pilot study suggest that the SAAST-R is highly correlated with the original SAAST, has a similar factor structure, good internal consistency, and correctly identifies those in recovery from alcoholism.<p>The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive power of the SAAST-R have not been determined. A SAAST-R validation study is now in progress to address this issue with additional refinements to the instrument.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SAAST-R_inst

AccessNo
331
Name
Mood Disorder Questionnaire
Acronym
MDQ
Developer
Hirschfeld, Robert M.A.
Williams, Janet B.W.
Spitzer, Robert L.
Calabrese, Joseph R.
Flynn, Laurie
Keck, Paul E. Jr.
Lewis, Lydia
McElroy, Susan L.
Post, Robert M.
Rapport, Daniel J.
Russell, James M.
Sachs, Gary S.
Zajecka, John
Description
The MDQ is a validated screening tool for bipolar disorder in a psychiatric outpatient population. It consists of 15 questions and takes about 5 minutes to complete. The first 13 questions about possible symptoms are answered with either "yes" or "no." The other two questions assess family history, past diagnoses, and disease severity. Bipolar disorder is commonly misdiagnosed; use of the MDQ can identify 70% of persons with bipolar disorder while eliminating the diagnosis for 90% to 100% of persons without the condition. An adolescent self-report version of this scale is also available (A-MDQ), along with a parents' version (P-MDQ) in which parents report on symptoms of mania in their children.
Availability
The questionnaire, instructions for its use, and the scoring algorithm can all be found in the source reference as well as on the web.
Contact
Dr. Robert M. Hirschfeld<br>
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical Branch<br>
University of Texas at Galveston<br>
1.302 Rebecca Sealy<br>
301 University Blvd.<br>
Galveston, TX 77555-0188<br>
<a href="mailto:rohirsch@utmb.edu">rohirsch@utmb.edu</a>
InstURL
http://www.integration.samhsa.gov/images/res/MDQ.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Mood Disorder Questionnaire 331.pdf
[from source ref]
SourceRef
Hirschfeld RM; Williams JB; Spitzer RL; et.al. Development and validation of a screening instrument for bipolar spectrum disoder: The Mood Disorder Questionnaire. American Journal of Psychiatry 2000;157:1873-1875.
OtherRef
Das AK; Olfson M; Gameroff MJ; Pilowsky DJ; Blanco C; Feder A; Gross R; Neria Y; Lantigua R; Shea S; Weissman MM. Screening for Bipolar Disorder in a Primary Care Practice. JAMA 2005 Feb 23; 293(8):956-963.
Hirschfeld RM; Holzer C; Calabrese JR; Weissman M; Reed M; Davies M; Frye MA; Keck P; McElroy S; Lewis L; Tierce J; Wagner KD; Hazard E. Validity of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire: A General Population Study. American Journal of Psychiatry 2003 Jan 1;160(1):178-180.
Wagner KD; Hirschfeld RM; Emslie GJ; Findling RL; Gracious BL; Reed ML. Validation of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire for bipolar disorders in adolescents. J Clin Psychiatry 2006;67(5):827-30. [A-MDQ and P-MDQ]
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Mood+Disorder+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ)</a>
SourceInfo
Carter WP; Torguson L; Gardner NC. Bipolar disorder: addressing selective compliance in patients with bipolar depression: an expert panel discussion. Behavioral Health Management 2005 May/Jun;25(3):39-48.
Source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Psychological assessment
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200506
Year
2000
InstURLHost
SAMHSA-HRSA Center for Integrated Health Solutions
Notes
Updated by MB, 8/8/2006
AdminScoring
The MDQ can be administered either by the clinician or self-administered by the patient, and takes about 5 minutes to complete. It can be quickly
and easily scored by a physician, nurse, or any trained medical staff assistant.
ValidRely
This instrument has demonstrated validity and sensitivity.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MDQ_inst

AccessNo
332
Name
Athlete Drinking Scale
Acronym
ADS
Developer
Martens, Matthew P.
Watson, Jack C., II
Royland, Elizabeth M.
Beck, Niels C.
Description
The Athlete Drinking Scale measures intercollegiate athlete alcohol use and alcohol-related problems by assessing sport-related factors. It includes 3 subscales: Positive Reinforcement, Team/Group, and Sport-Related Stress. Questions include such things as "I enjoy the feeling of getting drunk," "I drink to have a good time with my teammates," and "If I've performed well, I feel like I can go out and drink a little more than usual." The authors believe that the ADS may have promise as an educational, screening, and intervention tool with intercollegiate athletes, but additional criterion validity studies need to be conducted.
Availability
The full text of the instrument is available in the appendix of the source article.
Contact
Matthew P. Martens<br>
Dept. of Educational and Counseling Psychology, ED220<br>
University at Albany, State University of New York<br>
1400 Washington Ave.<br>
Albany, NY 12222<br>
<a href="mailto:mmartens@uamail.albany.edu">mmartens@uamail.albany.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Athlete Drinking Scale 332.pdf
[from source ref]
SourceRef
Martens MP ; Watson, JC, II ; Royland EM ; Beck NC. Development of the Athlete Drinking Scale. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2005 Jun;19(2):158-164. [includes copy of scale]
OtherRef
Herring TE, et al. Utility of the Athlete Drinking Scale for assessing drinking motives among high school athletes. Addict Behav 2016;60:18-23. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.03.026
Martens MP, Labrie JW, Hummer JF, Pedersen ER. Understanding sport-related drinking motives in college athletes: Psychometric analyses of the Athlete Drinking Scale. Addictive Behaviors 2008;33(7):974-977.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Athlete+Drinking+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Athlete Drinking Scale (ADS)</a>
<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Athlete+Drinking+Scale%22[All+Fields]">PubMed Search: Athlete Drinking Scale (ADS)</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200507
Year
2005
ValidRely
The internal consistency and construct validity of this scale's subscales have been supported, however more psychometric studies need to be conducted.
Status
public
Population
College students
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AthleteDrinkingScale_inst

AccessNo
344
Name
Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire
Acronym
PDSQ
Developer
Zimmerman, Mark
Mattia, Jill I.
Description
The PDSQ is a 112 item, self-administered, psychiatric screening tool which has been tested extensively in primary care and general psychiatric populations. It was designed to screen for 13 DSM-IV disorders in five areas. The final version of the questionnaire contains 13 subscales (major depressive disorder [MDD], bulimia, post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder [GAD], obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD], alcohol abuse/dependence, drug abuse/dependence, somatization, hypochondriasis, and psychosis). Additionally, there is a six-item psychosis screen.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. Available for purchase from Western Psychological Services: <a href="http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,70444&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL">http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,70444&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL</a>
ADAI
[source reference does NOT include list of scale items]
SourceRef
Zimmerman M, Mattia JI. The reliability and validity of a screening questionnaire for 13 DSM-IV Axis I disorders (the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire) in psychiatric outpatients. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1999;60:677-683.
OtherRef
Rush B, Castel S, Brands B, Toneatto T, Veldhuizen S. Validation and comparison of diagnostic accuracy of four screening tools for mental disorders in people seeking treatment for substance use disorders. J Subst Abuse Treat 2013;44(4):375-83.
Magruder KM, Sonne SC, Brady KT, Quello S, Martin RH. Screening for co-occurring mental disorders in drug treatment populations. Journal of Drug Issues 2005;35(3):593-606.
Zimmerman M, Mattia JI. The Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire: Development, reliability and validity. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2001;42(3):175-189.
Zimmerman M, Mattia JI. A self-report scale to help make psychiatric diagnoses: The Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire. Archives of General Psychiatry 2001;58:787-794.
Resources
<a href="http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,70444&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL">Western Psychological Services site on the PDSQ</a>
SourceInfo
Other ref (Magruder, 2005)
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Psychological assessment
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200511
Year
1999
AdminScoring
Administration takes approximately 15 to 20 minutes.
The 112 yes-or-no items can be quickly hand scored to obtain a Total Score (which functions as a global indicator of psychopathology) plus scale scores for 13 disorders. Cutoff scores, critical items, and follow-up interview guides are provided for each disorder.
ValidRely
Each of the subscales have achieved good to excellent levels of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and discriminant, convergent, and concurrent validity.
Status
public
Population
Co-occurring clients
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PDSQ_inst

AccessNo
346
Name
CRAFFT
Acronym
CRAFFT
Developer
Knight, John R.
Shrier, Lydia
Bravender, Terrill.D.
Farrell, Michelle
Vander Bilt, Joni
Shaffer, Howard J.
Description
This instrument is a brief test for screening alcohol and other drugs use in adolescents. A 6-item test was constructed by combining and modifying items from the RAFFT test, with additional items from the DAP and the POSIT. CRAFFT is a mnemonic based on individual items: The 6 items are:

<ul><li>Have you ever ridden in a <b>CAR</b> driven by someone (including yourself) who was high or had been using alcohol or drugs?
<li>Do you ever use alcohol or drugs to <b>RELAX</b>, feel better about yourself, or fit in?
<li>Do you ever use alcohol or drugs while you are by yourself (<b>ALONE</b>)?
<li>Do you ever <b>FORGET</b> things you did while using alcohol or drugs?
<li>Do your family or <b>FRIENDS</b> ever tell you that you should cut down on your drinking or drug use?
<li>Have you ever gotten into <b>TROUBLE</b> while you were using alcohol or drugs?</ul><p>

These 6 items evaluate certain events or behaviors over the entire lifetime, irrespective of when they occurred.
Availability
The six items are printed in the description above, and are widely available on the internet.
Contact
John R. Knight, MD<br>
Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research<br>
Children's Hospital<br>
300 Longwood Ave<br>
Boston, MA 02115<br>
<a href="mailto:knight_j@a1.tch.harvard.edu">knight_j@a1.tch.harvard.edu</a>
InstURL
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CRAFFT_Screening_Test
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Articles\CRAFFT Knight 1999.pdf
[this is the entire article -- would not let me extract just Table 1, which
contains the 9 original scale items and a note about which 6 ended up in
the final instrument]
SourceRef
Knight JR; Shrier LA; Bravender TD; Farrell M; Vander Bilt J; Shaffer HJ. A new brief screen for adolescent substance abuse. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescecent Medicine 1999 Jun;153(6):591-6. <a href="http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/153/6/591">Free online</a>
OtherRef
Bernard M; Bolognini M; Plancherel B; Chinet L; Laget J; Stephan P; Halfon O. French validity of two substance-use screening tests among adolescents: A comparison of the CRAFFT and DEP-ADO. Journal of Substance Use 2005 Dec;10(6):385-395.
Knight JR; Sherrit L; Shrier LA; Harris SK; Gates EC; Chang G. Validity of a brief alcohol screening test among adolescents: A comparison of the AUDIT, POSIT, CAGE, and the CRAFFT. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2003;27:67-73.
Knight JR; Sherrit L; Shrier LA; Harris SK; Chang G. Validity of the CRAFFT substance abuse screening test among adolescent clinic patients. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2002;156:607-614.
Cummins L; Huang C; Karen K; Burns KM; Blume AW; Larimer ME; et al. s Validity of the CRAFFT in American-Indian and Alaska-Native adolescents: Screening for drug and alcohol risk. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2003;64:727-732.
Resources
Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research's CRAFFT page <a href="http://www.ceasar-boston.org/CRAFFT/index.php">http://www.ceasar-boston.org/CRAFFT/index.php</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CRAFFT%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: CRAFFT</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20197%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">RAFFT</a>
Drug and Alcohol Problem Quickscreen (DAP)
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20188%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Problem-Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)</a>
SourceInfo
Source reference
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM, NS
EntryDate
200512
Year
1999
InstURLHost
Wikipedia CRAFFT entry
AdminScoring
The subject provides simple yes or no answers to the 6 items. The test takes about 3 minutes to complete and can be administered as an interview or a self-report. Each positive answer to an item counts as 1 point. The "optimal" cut-off score for identifying substance use, abuse and dependence has been set at 2. Others have found that a cut-off score or 3 is optimal for identifying substances other than alcohol or cannabis.
ValidRely
The test had good internal consistency, indicating that each item is clinically useful for detecting problems with AOD. The sensitivity and specificity rates were high among subjects who had used AOD.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
American Indian/Alaska Native
MatrixRecd
Bukstein article
Matrix
Y
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CRAFFT_inst

AccessNo
347
Name
Dépistage de Consommation Problématique d’Alcool
Acronym
DEP-ADO
Developer
Guyon, L.
Landry, M.
Description
This instrument was developed in French by Canadian researchers and thus is easy to use with French-speaking patients. It is a screening instrument designed to evaluate the problem use of alcohol and other substances among young people. It was specifically designed for field workers and attempts to estimate the actual frequency of the use of the various substances. It was strongly inspired by the Indice de Gravite d'une Toxicomanie (IGT-ADO) scale (substance use seriousness score). It is made up of 8 questions; the subject provides yes or no answers, except for questions 1 and 8 for which the frequency during the last 12 months is asked.
Availability
RISQ is the creator and owner of the DEP-ADO and holds exclusive rights to it. Persons and organizations wishing to employ the questionnaire may photocopy it and use it for free, on the condition that the questionnaire (and appendices) must remain intact, and that the source is indicated. It is available in French and English. Detailed administration and coding/scoring instructions, as well as a copy of the scale itself (in both languages), can be found at the Recherche et intervention sur les substances psychoactives (RISQ) - Québec web site: <a href="http://bit.ly/DEP-ADO">http://bit.ly/DEP-ADO</a>.

A copy in French can be found on the EMCDAA Evaluation Instruments Bank: <a href="http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index4366EN.html">http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index4366EN.html</a>
Contact
France Fortin, secrétaire<br>
Recherche et intervention sur les Substances Psychoactives - Québec (RISQ / CIRASST)<br>
950, rue de Louvain Est<br>
Montréal QC H2M 2E8<br>
tel: 514-385-3490 #1133<br>
<a href="mailto:france.fortin@ssss.gouv.qc.ca">france.fortin@ssss.gouv.qc.ca</a>
InstURL
http://bit.ly/DEP-ADO
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Articles\Depistage de Consommation Problematique d Alcool 347.pdf
[English version, downloaded from RISQ site]
SourceRef
Guyon L; Landry M. Histoire d'un outil de depistage attendu: La DEP-ADO. Actions Tox 2001;1:5-6.
OtherRef
Bernard M; Bolognini M; Plancherel B; Chinet L; Laget J; Stephan P; Halfon O. French validity of two substance-use screening tests among adolescents: A comparison of the CRAFFT and DEP-ADO. J Substance Use 2005 Dec;10(6):385-395.
Brunnelle N; Landry M; Guyon L; Tremblay J; Bergeron J; Desjardins L. Le depistage de la consommation problematique ches les adolescents: Pourquoi une nouvelle version de la DEP-ADO? L'intervemant 2004;20(4):4-5.
Landry M; Tremblay J; Guyon L; Bergeron J; Brunelle N. La Grille de depistage de la consommation problematique d'alcool et de drogues chez les adolescents et les adolescentes (DEP-ADO): Developpement et qualites psychometriques. Droguez, sante et Societe 2004;3(1): <a href="http://www.drogues-sante-societe.org">http://www.drogues-sante-societe.org</a>
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DEP-ADO%20/%20Dépistage+de+Consommation+Problématique+d+Alcool%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Dépistage de Consommation Problématique d’Alcool (DEP-ADO)</a>
SourceInfo
EIB
Other ref (Bernard M., 2005)
RISQ document: http://www.risq-cirasst.umontreal.ca/PDF/DEP-ADO_explanatory%20Notes%20DepAdo_V3.1_oct05.pdf
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200512
Year
2001
InstURLHost
Recherche et intervention sur les substances psychoactives - Québec (RISQ) site
Notes
Updated by MB, 8/9/2006
AdminScoring
The DEP-ADO is administered in a one-to-one interview, with the interviewer noting answers directly on the sheet in the spaces indicated. The test can be completed in 5-10 minutes. Scores are obtained from a scoring grid established according to the potential seriousness of the substance use. A score of 13 or less indicates no obvious problem ("green light"), between 14 and 19 means a problem is developing ("yellow light"), and a score of 20 or more indicates an obvious problem ("red light"). Though the DEP-ADO is designed as an interview instrument, it can be used as a self-report as long as the interviewer is present to answer questions.
ValidRely
Multiple studies have supported the validity and reliability of this measure.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DEP-ADO_inst

AccessNo
356
Name
Behaviors and Experiences Inventory
Acronym
BEI
Developer
Hoffmann, Norman G.
Mee-Lee, David
Shulman, Gerald D.
Description
The BEI is a structured set of 50 questions designed to elicit information about behaviors and experiences before the age of 15 and after the age of 18. The questions cover reading issues, a history of sexual, physical, and emotional victimization, and indications of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, and Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). <p>

The BEI is intended for use in the evaluation of individuals where behavioral problems and a history of victimization may be likely. It was designed for use with who are being evaluated for clinical services after having been arrested or upon release from correctional facilities. It is not a comprehensive assessment for these conditions and experiences, but is intended as a screening tool to alert clinicians to issues in these areas.
Availability
The BEI has been copyrighted by Norman G. Hoffmann, Ph.D. and may not be adapted or photocopied. It can be ordered from <a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">The Change Companies</a> in packets of 25 forms for $52.50 (the manual is an additional $15).
Contact
The Change Companies<br>
5221 Sigstrom Dr.<br>
Carson City, NV 89706<br>
tel: 888-889-8866<br>
<a href="mailto:info@changecompanies.net">info@changecompanies.net</a><br>
<a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">http://www.changecompanies.net</a>
SourceRef
Hoffmann NG ; Mee-Lee D ; Shulman GD. BEI (Behavioral and Experiences Inventory) Manual. Smithfield, RI: Evince Clinical Assessments, 1998.
Resources
<a href="http://evinceassessment.com/product_bei.html">Evince Clinical Assessments: BEI</a>
SourceInfo
Evince Assessments web site
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Psychological assessment
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200601
Year
1998
AdminScoring
The BEI is intended to be used orally, with the clinician or assistant reading the questions and recording the responses. In interview format, it should take approximately 15-20 minutes to administer. The BEI can also be used as a pencil-and-paper inventory, however, the clinician should make sure that the respondent can read and understand the questions. Dyslexia and other reading difficulties are common among individuals with ADHD and ASPD. Written administration of the BEI may be somewhat shorter if the respondent’s reading skills are good. <p>
The BEI can be scored and interpreted in a matter of minutes. A scoring template provides a means of organizing and recording the findings of the BEI so as to facilitate interpretation by a clinician with expertise in the diagnosis of the conditions in question. Other professionals can use the BEI in making referrals when sufficient indications of a problem exist.
ValidRely
Internal consistency reliabilities for the scales in BEI range from just over .70 to approximately .85. The scale for ADHD has a coefficient of .74 and the six-item subscale for inattention has a coefficient of .72, which is high for such a short scale. The coefficients for conduct disorder and ASPD are .84 and .74 respectively.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/BEI_inst

AccessNo
358
Name
Triage Assessment of Psychiatric Disorders
Acronym
TAPD
Developer
Hoffmann, Norman G.
Description
The TAPD is a brief structured interview that provides triage information for nine Axis I and five Axis II diagnostic categories. The TAPD is presented as a triage instrument rather than simply a screen because it is explicitly based on the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and typically will provide evidence for one of three conclusions: 1) information elicited by the TAPD may be sufficient to support a DSM-IV diagnosis with minimal additional inquiry or clarification; 2) problems are suggested, but a more comprehensive evaluation will be required to support or rule out a diagnosis; or 3) the negative responses to the TAPD make a diagnosis for a given condition very unlikely. <p>
The TAPD is appropriate for screening clients in a variety of clinical settings. The breadth of conditions covered make it a useful instrument for initial inquiries in mental health facilities, substance abuse programs, EAP offices, and primary health care settings. <p>
A brief inquiry to identify potential problem areas can greatly assist in confirming assessments and facilitating treatment planning. The TAPD also helps clinicians document that they conducted a reasonable inquiry over a sufficient domain of problem areas. This is particularly useful where the results are negative due to the respondent’s deliberate falsification or underreporting. In such cases, the clinician can document that the attempt was made to identify prevalent conditions.
Availability
The TAPD is copyrighted by Norman G. Hoffmann and may not be adapted or photocopied. The TAPD can be purchased in packets of 25 forms, and an administration/scoring guide is also available.
Contact
The Change Companies<br>
5221 Sigstrom Dr.<br>
Carson City, NV 89706<br>
tel: 888-889-8866<br>
<a href="mailto:info@changecompanies.net">info@changecompanies.net</a><br>
<a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">http://www.changecompanies.net</a>
Resources
<a href="http://evinceassessment.com/product_tapd.html">Evince Clinical Assessments: TAPD</a>
SourceInfo
Evince Assessments web site
InstrumentType
Screening
Treatment planning
Clinician-administered interview
Psychological assessment
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200601
AdminScoring
The TAPD is designed such that, in many of the diagnostic categories, several general screening questions are used with branching instructions to skip questions in areas when it is improbable that the individual will meet diagnostic criteria for a given disorder. For example, if an individual denies periods of depressed mood and/or diminished interest or pleasure in activities, criteria for a major depressive episode will not be met according to DSM-IV criteria. <p>
The TAPD can be administered in about 15-20 minutes by a clinician or an appropriately trained staff person with good interviewing skills. It is also possible to establish local or clinic decision rules for referral to further evaluation based on the TAPD responses. Because the TAPD findings should be interpreted in the context of the DSM-IV, only an appropriately trained clinician should be given this responsibility. Although a technician or other interviewer can administer the TAPD and record responses, many experienced clinicians will administer the interview as part of their initial assessment. This allows them to focus further assessments and avoid spending time on areas that are unlikely to require attention. In such cases, the TAPD data are simply integrated into a more general summary of findings.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/TAPD_inst

AccessNo
359
Name
Employee Wellness Evaluation
Acronym
EWE
Developer
Hoffmann, Norman G.
Description
The EWE is a general screen for some of the more common behavioral and emotional problems. It also serves to identify some job-related issues. The EWE contains scales to assess risk for alcohol abuse, depression, excess stress, suppressed anger, dissatisfaction with management/supervisors, family-job stress/conflict, poor morale, or dissatisfaction with life in general.<p>
The EWE is normed on employee populations and identifies those whose responses place them in the upper ranges of problems as compared to other employees. The screen can be used in Employee Assistance or other human resources applications to screen and provide feedback to individuals or to estimate the relative prevalence of problems in a given workforce.
Availability
The EWE has been copyrighted by Norman G. Hoffmann, Ph.D. and may not be adapted or photocopied. It can be ordered from <a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">The Change Companies</a> in packets of 25 forms for $52.50 (the manual is an additional $15). Evince Clinical Assessments provides consultation and evaluation services based on the EWE. Standard evaluation services include analyses of data generated by the EWE and related information, production of a formal report, and consultation with EAP staff and/or management. These services are available to EAP’s in private sector organizations as well as government agencies.
Contact
The Change Companies<br>
5221 Sigstrom Dr.<br>
Carson City, NV 89706<br>
tel: 888-889-8866<br>
<a href="mailto:info@changecompanies.net">info@changecompanies.net</a><br>
<a href="http://www.changecompanies.net">http://www.changecompanies.net</a>
SourceRef
Hoffmann NG. EWE: Employee Wellness Evaluation Manual. Smithfield, RI: Evince Clinical Assessments, 1995.
OtherRef
Hoffmann NG ; Johnson D. Enhancing detective of hidden problems with a routine screen. Presentation given at the 30th EAPA Annual Conference, Vancouver, BC, October 2001.
Resources
<a href="http://evinceassessment.com/product_ewe.html">Evince Clinical Assessments: EWE</a>
SourceInfo
Evince Assessments web site
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200601
Year
1995
AdminScoring
About 10 to 15 minutes must be allowed for the respondent to answer the items as a pencil-and-paper questionnaire. Scoring is a clerical task requiring 2 to 5 minutes. Though the EWE can be scored by any staff person, feedback to individuals, interpretation of the findings, or other clinical uses should be conducted only by a qualified, licensed professional. The manual and supporting materials for the EWE provide instructions for use, normative information, and statistical summaries on employees and their dependents.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/EWE_inst

AccessNo
364
Name
Substance Use Inventory
Acronym
SUI
Developer
Weiss, Roger D.
Hufford, Cathryn
Najavits, Lisa M.
Shaw, Sarah R.
Description
This brief measure asks detailed questions regarding participants' use and administration route of a variety of substances in the previous seven days, including alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, along with shorter sections about sedatives, PCP, stimulants, and hallucinogens. Respondents are asked how many times in the past seven days each substance was used and what the administration route was (smoked, oral, injected, e.g.), as well as the average dollar amount of each drug used each day and the maximum dollar value of each drug used in a single day. The scale ends with a few questions about craving and urges to use. This scale can be used for baseline and follow-up assessments, as well as for treatment phase assessments.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Roger D. Weiss, MD<br>
<a href="mailto:rweiss@mclean.harvard.edu">rweiss@mclean.harvard.edu</a>
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Substance_Use_Inventory_364.pdf
[formatted for SDS]
SourceRef
Weiss RD ; Hufford C ; Najavits LM ; Shaw SR. Weekly Substance Use Inventory. Unpublished measure, Harvard Medical School, Boston, 1995.
OtherRef
Najavits LM ; Weiss RD ; Shaw SR ; Muenz LR. "Seeking Safety": Outcome of a new cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for women with posttraumatic stress disorder and substance dependence. Journal of Traumatic Stress 1998;11(3):437-456.
Reback CJ ; Larkins S ; Shoptaw S. Changes in the meaning of sexual risk behaviors among gay and bisexual male methamphetamine abusers before and after drug treatment. AIDS and Behavior 2004;8(1): 87-98.
Ballenger JF; Best SR; Metzler TJ; Wasserman DA; Mohr DC; Liberman A; Delucchi K; Weiss DS; Fagan JA; Waldrop AE; Marmar CR. Patterns and predictors of alcohol use in male and female urban police officers. American Journal on Addictions 2011;20(1):21-29.
SourceInfo
Other references and a copy of SDS's PDF.
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200602
Year
1995
Notes
A revised version of this instrument was referenced in a NIDA Blending presentation (http://www.mac1988.com/blendingcolorado/ppts/Hien.pdf), but I couldn't find anything else on the web about it. Najavits was also referenced in that presentation, so I'm sure it was the same instrument. [MB, 2006]
Recommended by ADAI-SDS
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SUI_inst

AccessNo
376
Name
Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory
Acronym
RIASI
Developer
Nochajski, Thomas H.
Description
The RIASI is a 49-item instrument developed as a brief screen to identify individuals who might require a more thorough diagnostic assessment for an alcohol-use disorder and as a potential predictor of subsequent DUI recidivism. It consists of 41 true-false items and 8 items in which the respondent fills in the frequency or quantity of certain behaviors or events. The RIASI represents a careful and empirical development of a screening device for use with the DWI population. Developed specifically for the New York State Drinking Driver Programs, it is now being used in several states. As with the MAC, the RIASI is designed to screen for alcoholism using "covert content items," i.e., items which do not directly mention drinking. 31 items are distal measures, meaning the person cannot readily determine how to fake good or bad in response to the question, also these questions address issues of hostility, sensationseeking, depression and other personality characteristics linked to DWI.
Availability
There is no fee for use of this instrument. A copy of the instrument is
available from Thomas H. Nochajski, Ph.D.
Contact
Thomas H. Nochajski, Ph.D<br>
Senior Research Scientist<br>
Center for Health and Social Research<br>
Associate Professor<br>
School of Social Work, SUNY Buffalo<br>
660 Baldy Hall</br>
Amherst, New York 14260<br>

tel: 716-654-3381<br>
<a href="mailto:nochajth@buffalostate.edu">nochajth@buffalostate.edu</a> or <a href="mailto:thn@buffalo.edu">thn@buffalo.edu</a>
ADAI
Dennis must have a copy -- cited in an RSA poster 2005.
SourceRef
Nochajski, T.H. & Miller, B.A. (1995). Training Manual for the Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI). Buffalo, NY: Research Institute on Addictions.
OtherRef
Nochjaski TH, Miller BA, Augustino DK, Kramer R. Use of non-obvious indicators for screening DWI offenders. In: Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety - T'95. Kloeden CN, McLean AJ (eds.) Adelaide, Australia: NHMRC Road Accident Research Unit, University of Adelaide, 1995, p. 449-454. <a href="http://casr.adelaide.edu.au/T95/paper/s17p3.html">http://casr.adelaide.edu.au/T95/paper/s17p3.html</a>
Nochajski TH, Wieczorek WF. Identifying potential drinking-driving recidivists: Do non-obvious indicators help? Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community 1:69-83, 1998.
Shuggi R, Mann RE, Zalcman RF, Chipperfield B, Nochajski TH. Predictive validity of the RIASI: Alcohol and drug use and problems six months following remedial program participation. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 32:121-133, 2006.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RIASI%20/%20Research+Institute+on+Addictions+Self+Inventory%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Research Institute on Addictions Self-Inventory (RIASI)</a>
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
ns
EntryDate
200602
Year
1995
AdminScoring
The RIASI can be completed and scored in 15 minutes.
ValidRely
"The RIASI represents a careful and empirical development of a screening device for use with a particular population. Developed specifically for the New York State Drinking Driver Programs, it is now being used in several state(s)..." (NIAAA, Assessing Alcohol Problems, 2003, p. 33-34.)
Status
public
Population
DUI/DWI drivers
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RIASI_inst

AccessNo
379
Name
Reduce Annoyed Guilty Start
Acronym
RAGS
Developer
Sobell, Linda C.
Sobell, Mark B.
Levin, C.
Cleland, P. A.
Ellingstad, T.
Toll, Benjamin A.
Description
The Reduce Annoyed Guilty Start test was developed by Sobell and Sobell (1999) as a drug specific counterpart to the CAGE. The RAGS contains four questions, is self-administered, and specifically asks about lifetime drug use. The RAGS questions are: (a) Have you ever felt you should Reduce or stop your drug use? (b) Have people ever Annoyed you by criticizing your use of drugs? (c) Have you ever felt Guilty aobut using drugs? and (d) Have you ever needed drugs to Start your daily activities.
Availability
The four items of the RAGS are listed in the Description field above. A Spanish language version of the RAGS is available in the Bedregal 2006 reference.
ADAI
Questions are listed in the "Description" field above.
SourceRef
Levin C ; Sobell L ; Cleland P. ; Ellingstad T ; Sobell M ; Toll B ; et al. (1999). RAGS: A new brief drug abuse screening instrument. Poster session presented at the annual convention of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy.
OtherRef
Bedregal LE ; Sobell LC ; Sobell MB ; Simco E. Psychometric characteristics of a Spanish version of the DAST-10 and the RAGS. Addictive Behaviors 2006 Feb;31(2):309-319.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20RAGS%20/%20Reduce+Annoyed+Guilty+Start%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Reduce Annoyed Guilty Start (RAGS)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2058%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">CAGE</a>
SourceInfo
Other ref
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
pm
EntryDate
200602
Year
1999
ValidRely
The RAGS exhibits good internal consistency (coefficient alpha=0.78) and excellent test-retest reliability (r=0.64). In addition, a discriminant function analysis demonstrated that the RAGS was highly sensitive and specific to drug abusers compared to college students with no alcohol and/or drug problem and alcohol abusers. The Spanish version of the RAGS has also demonstrated good psychometric properties. For more detailed psychometric information, see the references above.
Status
public
Population
College students
Hispanics
Permalink
http://bit.ly/RAGS_inst

AccessNo
383
Name
Symptom Checklist-90-Revised
Acronym
SCL-90-R
Developer
Derogatis, Leonard R.
Description
The SCL-90-R is a 90-item, brief, multidimensional checklist designed to assess psychopathology and psychological distress. It measures 9 primary symptom dimensions and intensities: somatisation, obsessive compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, PLUS Global Severity Index, positive symptom distress index, and positive symptom total. The SCL-90-R has been employed in many studies to measure therapeutic change during treatment and is recommended as a standard instrument for psychotherapy outcome research. It can also be used as a screening instrument for comorbidity. Norms are provided for four groups: non-patient adult, non-patient adolescent, psychiatric outpatient, and psychiatric inpatient.
Availability
This scale is available from Pearson Assessments: <a href="http://pearsonassessments.com/catalog/scl90r.pdf">http://pearsonassessments.com/catalog/scl90r.pdf</a>. A starter kit (for hand scoring), which includes the manual, 50 answer sheets with test items, 50 profile forms, 2 worksheets, and answer keys, is available for each of the four normed populations (nonpatient adults, nonpatient adolescents, e.g.). Each kit is $100. The SCL-90-R can also be scored by computer using Q Local Software. Details on this service, as well as a mail-in scoring service, are available at Pearson Assessments.<p>
The SCL-90-R is available in English, Spanish, and French.
Contact
Pearson Assessments<br>
<a href="http://pearsonassessments.com/">http://pearsonassessments.com/</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Symptoms Checklist SCL-90-R 383.pdf
Print copy in instrument binder.
SourceRef
Derogatis LR. SCL-90-R, Administration, Scoring, and Procedures Manual 1. Baltimore, Clinical Psychometric Research, 1977.
OtherRef
Deady M. A Review of Screening, Assessment and Outcome Measures for Drug and Alcohol Settings. NSW Health Department, 2009, 225p. Free online: <a href="http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf">http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf</a>.
Martinez S; Stillerman L; Waldo M. Reliability and validity of the SCL-90-R with Hispanic college Students. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2005;27(2):254-264.
Sander W ; Jux M. Psychological distress in alcohol-dependent patients; evaluating inpatient treatment with the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R). European Addiction Research 2006;12:61-66.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SCL+90%20/%20Symptom+Checklist%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Symptom Checklist (SCL-90)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2055%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20214%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">SCL-20 Hopkins Symptom Checklist Depression Scale</a>
SourceInfo
Other refs, Pearson Assessments site.
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Assessment
Screening
Recommended
CAMH
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200603
Year
1977
AdminScoring
The SCL-90-R contains 90 items and can be completed in just 12-15 minutes. It can then be hand-scored, computer-scored, or scored via a mail-in service provided by Pearson Assessments. The SCL-90-R may be hand or computer scored.
ValidRely
This instrument has demonstrated internal consistency coefficient alphas for the nine symptom dimensions ranged from .77 for psychoticism to a high of .90 for depression. Test-retest reliability coefficients range between .80 and .90 after one week of therapy. Validity studies of the SCL-90-R have demonstrated levels of concurrent, convergent, discriminant, and construct validity comparable to other self-report inventories.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Co-occurring clients
Hispanics
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SCL-90-R_inst

AccessNo
392
Name
Drug Attitude Scale
Acronym
DAS
Developer
Campbell, Stephen N.
Description
This scale is used to measure personal attitudes and behaviors associated with substance use and misuse. It has been utilized in a number of clinical settings as a screening insturment. The scale was developed from 45 questions presumed to be attitudinal in content that were collected to represent a wide variety of areas that are affected by drug use and alcohol misuse. The final scale has 25 questions, and provides an effective means of finding individuals in the population who have poor attitudes toward drugs and alcohol (i.e., refuses to acknowledge the dangers of illicit drugs). The scale is designed for use with English-speaking and English-reading individuals of either sex, ages 12 and over.
Availability
A copy of the scale is available in the Campbell 2006 reference above (Appendix A).
Contact
Stephen N. Campbell
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Drug Attitude Scale 392.pdf
[from Campbell, Chang, 2006 ref -- is also the "Subst Abuse Attitude
Scale"?]
SourceRef
Campbell S., Siroki S. (1989) Assessment, Treatment and Intervention for Dual Diagnosis. Presented at the 14th Annual Conference of the Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services, Miami, FL June 30, 1989.
OtherRef
Campbell S, Chang A. Reliablilty testing and validation of the Drug Attitude Scale. Substance Use & Misuse 2006;41(5):763-770.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DAS%20/%20Drug+Attitude+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug Attitude Scale (DAS)</a>
SourceInfo
Other ref (Campbell, 2006)
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200605
Year
1989
AdminScoring
The DAS takes 5-8 minutes to complete. Items are rated on a Likert scale of 1-5.
ValidRely
Initial testing of the DAS suggests that this scale represents a useful addition to the areas of substance user assessment and rehabilitation. Reliability coefficients were moderately high for all subgroups as well as the entire sample. Factor loading demonstrated that the scale items correlate around the dimension it is designed to assess and that the scoring key is accurate.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DAS_inst

AccessNo
404
Name
Inwald Survey 2 - Adolescent Version
Acronym
IS2-A
Developer
Inwald, Robin E.
Description
The Inwald Survey 2 (IS2) is used to aid in the identification of adolescents who tend to disregard rules and/or societal norms. It focuses on characteristics that have been associated with antisocial/violent behavior patterns. The IS2-A contains 119 true-false items, using thirteen subscales: Denial of Shortcomings (Validity Scale), Risk-Taking Tendencies, Lack of Temper Control, Safety Patterns, Firearms Interest, Disciplinary Difficulties, Lack of Social Sensitivity, Lack of Responsibility, Lack of Leadership Interest, Unlawful Behavior, Lack of Adult Protector, Alcohol Use, and Drug Use.
Availability
This scale is available from Hilson Research, Inc., which also offers web-based versions of the test for easy administration and scoring.
Contact
Robin E. Inwald, Ph.D.<br>
Hilson Research, Inc.<br>
P.O. Box 150239<br>
82-28 Abingdon Road<br>
Kew Gardens, NY 11415<br>
tel: 800-926-2258<br>
<a href="http://www.hilsonresearch.com/">http://www.hilsonresearch.com/</a>
OtherRef
Inwald RE; Resko JA. Preemployment screening for public safety personnel. IN: VandeCreek L; Knapp S; Jackson TL (eds). Innovations in Clinical Practice: A Source Book, Vol. 14. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press/Professional Resource Exchange, Inc., 1995, pp. 365-382.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20131%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Hilson Adolescent Profile (HAP)</a>
SourceInfo
TIP 31
InstrumentType
Screening
Recommended
TIP 31
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200607
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/IS2-A_inst

AccessNo
407
Name
Patient Health Questionnaire
Acronym
PHQ
Developer
Spitzer, Robert L.
Williams, Janet B.W.
Kroenke, Kurt
Description
The Patient Health Questionnaire is a self-report version of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD), which was designed by Spitzer et al for the screening of psychiatric disorders in an adult primary practice setting. The PHQ comprises the two components of the original PRIME-MD, the patient questionnaire and clinician evaluation guide, combined into a single, three-page questionnaire that can be entirely self-administered by the patient. A four page for women has also been added that includes questions about menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, and recent psychosocial stressors. Users have the choice of using the entire four-page instrument, just the three page diagnostic portion, a two-page version (Brief PHQ) that covers mood and panic disorders and nondiagnostic information (menstruation, pregnancy questions, e.g.), or only the first page of the two page version (covering only the mood and panic disorders).
<p>Another version of the PHQ, the PHQ-9, is a depression module that scores each of the 9 DSM-IV criteria for depression. The original PRIME-MD assessed 18 current mental disorders. By grouping several specific mood, anxiety, and somatoform categories into larger rubrics, the PHQ greatly simplifies the differential diagnosis by assessing only 8 disorders.
<p>A 2-item screener, the PHQ-2 inquires about the frequency of depressed mood and anhedonia over the past 2 weeks, scoring each as 0 (not at all) to 3 (nearly every day). (Kroenke K et al, 2003).
Availability
The PHQ and PHQ-9 (in English and Spanish) are available from the Georgetown University's Center for Trauma and the Community (CTC): <a href="http://ctc.georgetown.edu/toolkit/">http://ctc.georgetown.edu/toolkit/</a>.
<p>The PHC-2 is available from the <a href="http://brightfutures.aap.org/pdfs/Developmental%20Assessment%204/PHQ-2%20Instructions%20for%20Use.pdf">American Academy of Pediatrics Bright Futures.</a>
Contact
Georgetown Center for Trauma and the Community<br>
<a href="http://ctc.georgetown.edu/"http://ctc.georgetown.edu/</a>
InstURL
http://ctc.georgetown.edu/toolkit/
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Patient Health Questionnaire 407.pdf
[from Georgetown site; full version (converted doc to pdf)]
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Patient Health Questionnaire 9 item 407.pdf [from Georgetown site; the 9-item English version]
SourceRef
Spitzer RL; Kroenke K; Williams JB. Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ primary care study. Primary care evaluation of mental disorders. Patient Health Questionnaire. JAMA 1999;282:1737-1744. (<a href="http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/282/18/1737">free online</a>)
OtherRef
Spitzer RL; Williams JB; Kroenke K; Hornyak R; McMurray J. Validity and utility of the PRIME-MD patient health questionnaire in assessment of 3000 obstetric-gynecologic patients: the PRIME-MD Patient Health Questionnaire Obstetrics-Gynecology Study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;183:759-769.
Kroenke K; Spitzer RL; Williams JB. The PHQ-9: Validity of a brief depression severity measure. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2001;16:606-613.
Kroenke K; Spitzer RL; Williams JB. The Patient Health Questionnaire-2: Validity of a two-item depression screener. Medical Care 2003;41:1284-1292.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20186%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB, NS
EntryDate
200607
Year
1997
InstURLHost
Georgetown CTC (see "Assessment Instruments")
AdminScoring
The physician time required to review the PHQ is typically less than five minutes (the clinician-administered PRIME-MD takes significantly more time to administer). After administering the PHQ, the clinician scans the completed questionnaire, verifies positive responses, and then applies diagnostic algorithms that are abbreviated at the bottom of each page. The data can also be entered into a computer program that applies the algorithms instead.
ValidRely
The self-administered PHQ has diagnostic validity comparable to that of the original clinician-administered PRIME-MD. This was demonstrated both by agreement with an independent MHP interview (criterion validity) as well as by the strong association of PHQ diagnoses with indices of functional impairment and health care use (construct validity). Additional psychometric information can be found in the source reference.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PHQ_inst

AccessNo
409
Name
Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Parents
Acronym
POSIP
Developer
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Rahdert, Elizabeth H.
Description
The POSIP was designed to identify potential problem areas that require further in-depth assessment. The questionnaire items were derived from POSIT questionnaire items in the following areas: Substance use and abuse (17 items), Mental health (22 items), Family relations (11 items), Peer relations (10 items), Aggressive behavior/delinquency (16 items). Differences in the specific problem areas indicate differences in perception of and/or reporting on those problem areas between the parent/guardian and adolescent, or between two parents/guardians who are filling out the questionnaire together. The POSIP is not a diagnostic instrument and additional tests are required for full assessment. As a brief problem screen, the POSIP can be used in a wide variety of settings, including inpatient and outpatient programs, various case management systems and with special populations. It can be used by staff from schools, juvenile justice systems, and mental health and drug treatment programs to gather case-level data for clinical decisions and/or aggregate data for needs-assessment surveys. The POSIP is designed for use with the POSIT amd POSIT Follow-up screening instruments. The POSIP consists of 75 yes/no items and can be completed in 15-20 minutes.
Availability
POSIP is not copyrighted and is free-of-charge. Persons wanting to use the POSIP can use it. The only request in that Elizabeth Rahdert and the National Institute on Drug Abuse are acknowledged in written materials. The POSIP is available in English and Spanish.
Contact
Elizabeth Rahdert, Ph.D.<br>
Division of Clinical and Services Research<br>
National Institute on Drug Abuse<br>
National Institutes of Health Room 4229<br>
6001 Executive Boulevard<br>
Bethesda, Maryland, 20892-9563<br>
tel: 301-443-0107<br>
<a href="mailto:Elizabeth_Rahdert@nih.gov">Elizabeth_Rahdert@nih.gov</a>
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Problem_Oriented_Screening_Instrument_for_Parents_409.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Problem_Oriented_Screening_Instrument_for_Parents_409.pdf
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20188%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT)</a>
SourceInfo
EIB
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200607
Year
1991
InstURLHost
ADAI
AdminScoring
The POSIP consists of 75 yes/no items and can be completed in 15-20 minutes. No special training is required to administer the POSIP.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/POSIP_inst

AccessNo
415
Name
Counselor Compassion Fatigue Scale
Acronym
CCFS
Developer
Fisher, Silvia Kay
Fisher, Ronnie
Description
The CCFS contains 20 items designed to assess compassion fatigue in counselors, which is associated with counselors who have achieved an unpleasant level of exhaustion, frustration, and fatigue due to the multiple stressors associated with the profession of counseling. The CCFS is a Likert scale with five (N=5) rating categories, indicating the degree to which each statement is true for the counselor. Total scores range from 20 to 100, with higher scores indicating that the counselor may have a higher degree of “compassion fatigue.” All 20 CCFS items are scaled in the same direction to simplify the counselor’s ability to rate him/herself on each statement. Although the CCFS can be administered on paper and pencil, personally during an interview, or over the telephone, some counselors may prefer to complete this instrument privately.

<p>Information generated from counselors’ feedback using the CCFS can be used to plan appropriate interventions to improve counselors’ coping skills or to facilitate value clarification. The CCFS is intended only to provide supplemental information that may be used in practice. No clinical decisions should be made on the basis of the CCFS or any other single instrument
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. A copy of this scale is available in the source reference (Fisher & Fisher, 2006).
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Counselor Compassion Fatigue Scale 415.pdf
SourceRef
Fisher SK; Fisher R. Assessment tools: Counselor Compassion Fatigue Scale (CCFS). Counselor 2006;7(1):40.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CCFS%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Counselor Compassion Fatigue Scale (CCFS)</a>
SourceInfo
Counselor site, source ref
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200607
Year
2006
Status
public
Population
Counselors
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CCFS_inst

AccessNo
416
Name
Addiction Disorder Screen-7
Acronym
ADS-7
Developer
Howatt WA
Description
The Addictive Disorders Screen–7 (ADS-7) is an addictive disorder screening tool to predict potential risk for seven addictive disorders: chemical dependency (drugs),chemical dependency (alcohol), compulsive buying (or shopping addiction), compulsive gambling, eating disorders, workaholism, and sex addictions. The ADS-7 has been designed to assess new clients’ potential risk. This addictive disorder-screening tool is for assessing risk in the assessment process; it is not a diagnostic tool.
<p>
The ADS-7 has 49 questions, which are to be answered with regard to behavior over the past six months, including today. The ADS-7 takes approximately 20 minutes to complete.
Availability
Copyright 2005. This instrument was developed for public domain use. ADAI does not have a copy of this scale or any contact information for the developer.
ADAI
[see source ref]
SourceRef
Howatt WA. Addiction screening tools vs. addiction clinical measures: Introducing the Addiction Disorder Screen (ADS)-7. Counselor 2006;7(1):48-53.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20ADS+7%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Addiction Disorder Screen-7 (ADS-7)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200608
Year
2005
AdminScoring
Scoring is as follows for each question: 0 Never; 1 Once; 2 Fewer than three times; 3 Fewer than six times; 4 More than seven times. The client’s scores indicate potential risk in certain addictive disorders. The scoring grid helps establish potential risk levels and where further investigation may be warranted.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ADS-7_inst

AccessNo
418
Name
Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence - Smokeless Tobacco
Acronym
FTND-ST
Developer
Ebbert, Jon O.
Patten, Christi A.
Schroeder, Darrell R.
Description
This scale, a modified version of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND or FTQ), was designed to measure nicotine dependence in smokeless tobacco users. Though the FTND for cigarette smokers requires a cigarette brand nicotine content rating, this information is scarce or non-existant for most smokeless tobacco brands. Eliminating this rating in the FTND-ST was an important step forward in finding the best way to assess nicotine dependence in smokeless tobacco users. <p>
The FTND-ST has six items, including: "How soon after you wake up do you place your first dip?," "How often do you intentionally swallow tobacco juice?", "How many cans/pouches per week do you use?", and "Do you chew if you are so ill that you are in bed most of the day?"
Availability
A copy of the scale items can be found in Table 1 of the source reference.
Contact
Jon O. Ebbert<br>
Nicotine Research Program<br>
Primary Care Internal Medicine<br>
Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic<br>
200 1st St. SW<br>
Rochester, MN 55905<br>
<a href="mailto:ebbert.jon@mayo.edu">ebbert.jon@mayo.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence Smokeless Tobacco 418.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Ebbert JO; Patten CA; Schroeder DR. The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence - Smokeless Tobacco (FTND-ST). Addictive Behaviors 2006;31(9):1716-1721
OtherRef
Thomas JL ; Ebbert JO ; Patten CA ; Dale LC ; Bronars CA ; Schroeder DR. Measuring nicotine dependence among smokeless tobacco users. Addictive Behaviors 2006;31(9):1511-1521.
Ferketich AK; Wee AG; Shultz J; Wewers ME. A measure of nicotine dependence for smokeless tobacco users. Addict Behav 2007;32(9):1970-5.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20115%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence</a>
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200608
Year
2006
AdminScoring
Each item on the FTND-ST has multiple answer choices, each one assigned a specific number of points. A total score is calculated as the sum of the individual item answer point values.
ValidRely
This scale correlates well to other nicotine dependence assessment instruments. Though it has a low internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.47), this is similar to previously reported alpha coefficients of self-report scales measuring cigarette smoking dependence. However, future research is needed using larger samples of smokeless tobacco users to more fully examine the psychometric properties of the FTND-ST.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/FTND-ST_inst

AccessNo
419
Name
Alcohol Urge Questionnaire
Acronym
AUQ
Developer
Bohn, Michael J.
Krahn, Dean D.
Staehler, Beth A.
Description
The AUQ is an 8-question, self-administered measure of drinking urges. Questions are in the form of a 7-point Likert scale with participants endorsing the extent to which they agree or disagree with statements relating to desire to drink (4 items), expectation of a desired outcome from drinking (2 items), and inability to avoid drinking if alcohol was available (2 items).
Availability
The AUQ is available from the author.
Contact
Michael J. Bohn, M.D.<br>
Department of Psychiatry<br>
University of Wisconsin Medical Schol<br>
Madison, WI 53792-2475
InstURL
https://www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=browse.protocoldetails&id=520301
SourceRef
Bohn MJ; Krahn DD; Staehler BA. Development and initial validation of a measure of drinking urges in abstinent alcoholics. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 1995;19:600-606.
OtherRef
Drobes DJ; Thomas SE. Assessing craving for alcohol. Alcohol Research & Health 1999;23(3):179-186. Available online: <a href="http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh23-3/179-186.pdf">http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh23-3/179-186.pdf</a>.
Drummond DC; Phillips TS. Alcohol urges in alcohol-dependent drinkers: Further validation of the Alcohol Urge Questionnaire in an untreated community clinical population. Addiction 2002;97(11):1465-1472.
Flannery BA; Poole SA; Gallop RJ; Volpicelli JR. Alcohol craving predicts drinking during treatment: An analysis of three assessment instruments. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2003;64(1):120-126
MacKillop J. Factor structure of the Alcohol Urge Questionnaire under neutral conditions and during a cue-elicited urge state. Alcoholism: Clinican and Experimental Research 2006;30(8):1315-1321.
Rosenberg H; Mazzola J. Relationships among self-report assessments of craving in binge-drinking university students. Addict Behav 2007;32(12):2811-8.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Descriptors%20/%20Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20AUQ%20/%20Alcohol+Urge+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ)</a>
<a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=DetailsSearch&Term=%22Alcohol+Urge+Questionnaire%22[All+Fields]">PubMed Search: Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref, other refs
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Recommended
TIP 28
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200608
Year
1995
InstURLHost
PhenX Toolkit (RTI International)
AdminScoring
Items are scored on a 7-point Likert scale, ranging from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree."
ValidRely
The internal consistency of the AUQ is very high. The AUQ has high 1-day and moderate 1-week test-retest reliability among recently abstinent alcoholics and greater stability among alcoholics with more prolonged abstinence, suggesting that alcohol urges measured by the AUQ are less stable during the first few weeks of abstinence and become more stable thereafter. The AUQ also demonstrates concurrent, construct, and discriminant validity. Additional details on the psychometrics of this instrument can be found in the source reference.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AUQ_inst

AccessNo
429
Name
Missouri Alcoholism Severity Scale
Acronym
MASS
Developer
Evenson, Richard C.
Altman, Harold
Won Cho, Dong
Montgomery, Jan
Description
The MASS was created from the 157 items on the Missouri Alcoholism History Form (AHF), a research-oriented instrument used in the Missouri Division of Mental Health. In its final form, the MASS consists of 20 items, each eliciting information about core symptoms that reflect that National Council on Alcoholism criteria for the diagnosis of alcoholism. Items were chosen to indicate change so that a decrease in score over time suggest positive effect of treatment. Each item, focusing on such symptoms as hallucinations, shakes, blackouts, and need for a drink on wakening, is scored as three points. Answers to questions about quantity of drinking are scored with a variable number of points from 0 to 5. Studies have revealed a mean total score of 18.98 in alcoholics before treatment, and 6.91 after.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. ADAI does not have a copy of this scale.
SourceRef
Evenson RC; Altman H; Won Cho D; Montgomery J. Development of an alcoholism severity scale via an interative computer program for item analysis. Quart J Stud Alc 1973;34:1336-1341.
OtherRef
Evenson, Richard C; Reese, Paul J; Holland, Richard A. Measuring the severity of symptoms in outpatient alcoholics. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1982;43(7):839-842.
Evenson RC. The Missouri Alcoholism Severity Scale: relationship with type of alcohol consumption. J Stud Alcohol 1986;47(5):381-3.
Seixas FA. The Missouri Alcoholism Severity Scale as a predictor of transfer from outpatient to inpatient treatment. Subst Alcohol Actions Misuse 1983;4(6):423-43.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Missouri+Alcoholism+Severity+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Missouri Alcoholism Severity Scale (MASS)</a>
RelatedInst
Missouri Alcohol History Form (AHF)
SourceInfo
Source ref, other refs.
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200608
Year
1973
ValidRely
The MASS appears to be internally consistent and reliable over time.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MASS_inst

AccessNo
434
Name
Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale
Acronym
CES-D
Developer
Radloff, Lenore S.
Description
The CES-D is a 20-item, self-report depression scale. Items refer to the frequency of symptoms during last week. It can also be administered as a structured interview. The CES-D is a brief questionnaire that assesses the frequency and duration of the symptoms associated with depression. Studies with alcohol and drug abusers have shown the scale to be a reliable and valid measure of depressed feelings in these groups. CES-D also suitable for measuring change and improvements in depression following treatment. It has been used with both mates and females in general population surveys and in various clinical samples, including alcohol and drug abusers. The CES-D has been adapted for use with children. The scale has also been validated for use with adolescents, the elderly, and a number of different ethnic groups.<p>
As with other self-assessed depression scales, the CES-D should not be viewed as a diagnostic tool, but rather as a screening test to identify individuals or groups at risk for depression.
Availability
The original CES-D is in the public domain.
InstURL
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Center_for_Epidemiological_Studies_Depression_Scale_434.pdf
ADAI
http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/Center_for_Epidemiological_Studies_Depression_Scale_434.pdf
SourceRef
Radloff LS. The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement 1977;1:385-401.
OtherRef
Schnoll RA, Leone FT, Hitsman B. Symptoms of depression and smoking behaviors following treatment with transdermal nicotine patch. J Addict Dis 2013;32:46-52. [about the use of the CES-D in predicting withdrawal, craving, and affect during nicotine withdrawal]
Grzywacz JG; Hovey JD; Seligman LD; Arcury TA; Quandt SA. Evaluating short-form versions of the CES-D for measuring depressive symptoms among immigrants from Mexico. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2006;28(3):404-424.
McCaffery JM; Niaura R; Swan GE; Carmelli D. A study of depressive symptoms and smoking behavior in adult male twins from the NHLBI twin study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2003;5(1):77-83.
Okun A; Stein RE; Bauman LJ; Silver EJ. Content validity of the Psychiatric Symptom Index, CES-depression Scale, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory from the perspective of DSM-IV. Psychol Rep 1996;79(3 Pt 1):1059-69.
Brink TL; Niemeyer L. Assessment of depression in college students: Geriatric Depression Scale versus Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Psychol Rep 1992;71(1):163-6.
Joseph S; Lewis CA. Factor analysis of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale. Psychol Rep 1996;76(1):40-42.
Rankin SH; Galbraith ME; Johnson S. Reliability and validity data for a Chinese translation of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression. Psychol Rep 1993;73(3 Pt 2):1291-8.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20CES+D%20/%20Center+for+Epidemiological+Studies+Depression*%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale</a>
SourceInfo
EIB site
InstrumentType
Psychological assessment
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
Clinician-administered interview
Recommended
CAMH
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200608
Year
1977
InstURLHost
ADAI
AdminScoring
Question scores are summed to provide an overall score ranging from 0 to 60. Scores of 16 or more are commonly taken as indicative of depression. No special training is necessary for the administration or scoring of this measure.
ValidRely
Multiple studies have demonstrated the strong validity and reliability of the CES-D. See Other References for details on the psychometrics.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Older adults
Adolescents
Hispanics
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CES-D_inst

AccessNo
454
Name
Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain
Acronym
SOAPP
Developer
Butler, Stephen F.
Budman, Simon H.
Fernandez, Katherine C.
Jamison, Robert N.
Description
The SOAPP is a brief, self-administered screening instrument designed to capture information that will identify chronic pain patients who may be at risk for problems with long-term opioid medication. It is available in versions with 5, 14, or 24 items, with a readability level of just over 4th grade. It can be completed by most patients without assistance in the waiting room, examination room, or prior to the health visit. The SOAPP is NOT intended to rule out/screen out chronic pain patients for opioid therapy; SOAPP data, along with other clinical findings, can help the provider determine the level of monitoring that may be necessary to safely prescribe long-term opioid therapy for a given patient.
Availability
The three versions SOAPP can be found on the website: <a href="http://www.painedu.org/soap.asp">http://www.painedu.org/soap.asp</a>, where an online training module and FAQs are also available. Registration is required but the questionnaires and other information is free. The questions in the 14-item SOAPP are also printed in Akbik et al (2006), cited above.
Contact
S.F. Butler<br>
Inflexxion, Inc.<br>
320 Needham Street, Suite 100<br>
Newton, MA 02464-1594, USA<br>
<a href="mailto:sfbutler@inflexxion.com">sfbutler@inflexxion.com</a>
InstURL
http://www.painedu.org/soap.asp
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain 1.0 SF 454.pdf
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain 1.0 14Q 454.pdf
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain 1.0 454.pdf
SourceRef
Butler SF, Budman SH, Fernandez K, Jamison RN. Validation of a screener and opioid assessment measure for patients with chronic pain. Pain, 112(1-2):65-75, 2004.
OtherRef
Akbik H, Butler SF, Budman SH, Fernandez K, Katz NP, Jamison RN. Validation and clinical application of the Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain (SOAPP). Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 2006; 32(3):287-93.
Weaver M; Schnoll S. Addiction issues in prescribing opioids for chronic nonmalignant pain. Journal of Addiction Medicine 2007;1(1):2-10.
Resources
<a href="http://PainEDU.org">http://PainEDU.org</a>: information resource about pain for the public and clinicians.
SourceInfo
PainEDU website and source articles.
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Treatment planning
EnteredBy
NS
EntryDate
200611
Year
2004
InstURLHost
PainEDU.org
AdminScoring
Scoring is done by adding up the ratings for each of the items in the SOAPP. For the 14- and 24-item versions, a score of 7 or above indicates that the patient may be at risk for problems, and should be monitored by the clinician if prescribed opiates for chronic pain.
ValidRely
Akbik et al (2006), found preliminary support for the internal reliability and predictive validity of the 14-item SOAPP. More information can be found at the PainEDU.org website.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SOAPP_inst

AccessNo
463
Name
Indian Health Service - Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire
Acronym
IHS-PESQ
Developer
Winters, Ken C.
DeWolf, Jerome
Graham, Donald
St. Cyr, Wehnona
Description
The Indian Health Service - Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (IHS-PESQ) is a brief questionnaire that screens for drug abuse problem severity, response distortion tendencies, and psychosocial risk factors. The IHS-PESQ is based on the original PESQ but uses two major modifications: first, peyote and mescaline were dropped from the list of hallucinogens, given their possible use as medicine in native religious ceremonies; and second, the scoring rules of the 18-item PESQ were revised so that three mutually exclusive groups could be identified: no AOD problem (green flag), mild/moderate AOD problem (yellow flag), and severe AOD problem (red flag) (the original PESQ just uses two groups: green and red).
Availability
Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Ken C. Winters, PhD<br>
Department of Psychiatry<br>
University of Minnesota, F282/2A West<br>
2450 Riverside Ave.<br>
Minneapolis, MN 55454
SourceRef
Winters KC, DeWolf J, Graham D,St. Cyr, W. Screening American Indian youth for referral to drug abuse prevention and intervention services. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse 16(1):39-52, 2006.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20IHS-PESQ%20/%20Indian+Health+Service+Personal%20Experience%20Screening+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Indian Health Service - Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (IH-PESQ)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20178%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Personal Experience Screening Questionnaire (PESQ)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
NS, MB
EntryDate
200611
Year
2006
ValidRely
The psychometric properties of the problem severity scale were found to be favorable when tested in reservation-based American Indian students (grades 6-12). Comparing the validity and reliability of the IHS-PESQ on Native populations versus White populations found no major differences, providing initial support that use of the IHS-PESQ in American Indian youth does not lead to poorer psychometric properties compared to the use of the original PESQ in largely white samples. That said, further testing on the IHS-PESQ needs to be done, including further examination of the instrument's predictive validity.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
American Indian/Alaska Native
Permalink
http://bit.ly/IHS-PESQ_inst

AccessNo
464
Name
Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Symptoms Screener
Acronym
SAMISS
Developer
Whetten, Kathryn
Reif, Susan
Swartz, Marvin
Stevens, Rachel
Ostermann, Jan
Hanisch, Laura
Eron, Joseph J. Jr.
Description
The SAMISS is a brief (13 item) screening tool for detecting symptoms of co-occurring disorders. It was developed primarily from existing and tested scales. The SAMISS includes 13 items assessing mental illness symptoms and substance abuse. The substance use screening items include questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) regarding frequency and amount of alcohol use; questions from the Two Item Conjoint Screen for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems, which screen for substance abuse/dependence; one question regarding use of illicit drugs such as heroin or cocaine; and one quesiton about abuse of prescription drugs. Five of the six mental health screening questions were from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). These items queried for symptoms of depression, anxiety, and panic attacks in the last year. The final question asks about use of medications for depression or "nerve problems" in the prior 12 months. Patients are considered to have mental illness symptoms if they reported having any of the symptoms of depression, anxiety, or panic assessed by the CIDI questions or if they reported use of medications for depression or "nerve problems" in the prior 12 months.<p>

The SAMISS takes about 5-10 to administer, making it easy and quick to incorporate into standard patient care without requiring significant expenditures or sacrifices frmo other areas of patient care. However, the SAMISS is not a diagnostic instrument and has limited value in predicting specific psychiatric diagnoses.
Availability
The SAMIS is printed in Table 1 of the source reference (Whetten et al 2005). Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Kathryn Whetten, PhD<br>
Duke, Sanford School of Public Policy<br>
tel: 919-613-5430<br>
<a href="mailto:k.whetten@duke.edu">k.whetten@duke.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Symptoms Screener 464.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Whetten K; Reif S; Swartz M; Stevens R; Ostermann J; Hanisch L; Eron JJ. A brief mental health and substance abuse screener for persons with HIV. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 2005;19(2): 89-99.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SAMISS%20/%20Mental+Illness+Symptoms+Screener%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Symptoms Screener (SAMMIS)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2032%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2079%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref (ADAI rp)
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
ns, MB
EntryDate
200611
Year
2005
ValidRely
A study focusing on the use of the SAMISS to screen for co-occurring substance abuse and mental health issues in HIV/AIDS patients found that the SAMISS provided an effective way to quickly identify symptoms of mental illness and substance use problems among people living with HIV. The SAMISS also demonstrated a positive predictive value with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID). However, more research is needed to determine teh specific sensitivity and specificity of the SAMISS.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Co-occurring clients
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SAMISS_inst

AccessNo
465
Name
Fast Alcohol Consumption Evaluation
Acronym
FACE
Developer
Dewost, Anne-Violaine
Michaud, Philippe
Arfaoui, Sonia
Gache, Pascal
Lancrenon, Sylvie
Description
To meet the needs of French general practitioners (GPs), a short, five-question interview/screening test for alcohol-related problems that combines items from the AUDIT, CAGE, and TWEAK. The five items include AUDIT questions 1 (Frequency) and 2 (Usual quantity), CAGE questions 2 (Annoyed) and 4 (Eye-opener), and TWEAK question 5 (Black-out), with each question scored on a range of 0 to 4. The FACE provides an opportunity during normal medical practice to screen for heavy drinkers who may benefit from a brief counseling intervention by their GP.
Availability
The FACE Questionnaire and scoring instructions can be found in the source reference.
Contact
Anne-Violaine Dewost<br>
BMCM<br>
3, avenue du General Gallieni<br>
F-92000 Nanterre, France<br>
<a href="mailto:bmcm@anpa.asso.fr">bmcm@anpa.asso.fr</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Fast Alcohol Consumption Evaluation 465.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Dewost AV; Michaud P; Arfaoui S; Gache P; Lancrenon S. Fast Alcohol Consumption Evaluation: A screening instrument adapted for French general practitioners. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2006;30(11):1889-1895.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Fast+Alcohol+Consumption+Evaluation%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Fast Alcohol Consumption Evaluation (FACE)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2032%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2058%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">CAGE</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20252%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">TWEAK</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200611
Year
2006
AdminScoring
For each gender the questionnaire contains two distinct cutoffs that separate nondependent heavy drinkers from the "no or low-risk group," and the "abuse or dependence group."
ValidRely
The FACE was validated as an interview questionnaire and is short, with acceptable test values to detect hazardous and harmful drinking separate from abuse or dependence. Sensitivity and specificity are satisfactory.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/FACE_inst

AccessNo
466
Name
Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire
Acronym
PDUQ
Developer
Compton, Peggy
Darakjian, Jack
Miotto, Karen
Description
Clinicians have increasingly begun to understand that physical dependence and tolerance do not constitute addiction in patients with chronic pain who take opioid analgesics regularly. In the context of sanctioned long-term opioid therapy, therefore, it can be difficult to identify addiction. The PDUQ is a 42-item screening tool developed to assist in the recognition of addictive disease in chronic pain patients who use opioid medications to relieve their pain. This screening tool evaluates the pain condition, opioid use patterns, social and family factors, family history of pain and substance abuse syndromes, patient history of substance abuse, and psychiatric history. The interview takes approximately 20 minutes to administer.
Availability
The instrument is printed in Appendix I of the source article (Compton et al 1998).
Contact
Peggy Compton, RN, PhD<br>
UCLA School of Nursing, Factor Building 4-246<br>
Box 956918<br>
Los Angeles, CA 90095-6918
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire 466.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Compton P, Darakjian J, Miotto K. Screening for addiction in patients with chronic pain and "problematic" substance use: Evaluation of a pilot assessment tool. J Pain Symptom Manage 1998;16(6):355-363.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20PDUQ%20/%20Prescription+Drug+Use+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire (PDUQ)</a>
SourceInfo
Compton article -- ADAI rp 09636
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
ns, MB
EntryDate
200611
Year
1998
ValidRely
This questionnaire appears promising in its ability to screen for addictive disease in this clinical population, but it is not intended to be used in isolation. Further testing of the tool by clinicians is needed to establish external validity and reliability.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PDUQ_inst

AccessNo
472
Name
Higher Power Relationship Scale
Acronym
HPRS
Developer
Rowan, Noell L.
Faul, Anna C.
Cloud, Richard N.
Huber, Ruth
Description
The HPRS is a brief instrument designed for easy administration and scoring that may be of use to social work educators, researchers, and practioners, particularly those who work in the field of addictions. Its 17 items measure the degree or magnitude of the relationships that individuals have with their "higher power" (a 12-step program concept that refers to the individuals' understanding of a power greater than themselves). A high score indicates a strong relationship with a higher power; a low score indicates a weaker relationship. The HPRS uses simple, inclusive language to enhance the utility of the scale for respondents.
Availability
A complete copy of the scale can be found in Appendix B of the source reference (p. 94-95). Copyright 2006 by Noell L. Rowan, all rights reserved.
Contact
Noell L. Rowan, LCSW<br>
Kent School of Social Work<br>
University of Louisville<br>
Louisville, KY 40292<br>
<a href="nlrowa01@louisville.edu">nlrowa01@louisville.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Higher Power Relationship Scale 472.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Rowan NL; Faul AC; Cloud RN; Huber R. The Higher Power Relationship Scale: A validation. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions 2006;6(3):81-95.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20HPRS%20/%20%28Higher+Power+Relationship+Scale%29%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Higher Power Relationship Scale (HPRS)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200612
Year
2006
AdminScoring
Scoring of this scale is relatively simple. Since all the items are positively written, none require reverse coding. Scoring is done by summing the total number from the 17 items with a lower score indicating a weak relationship with a higher power and a higher score indicating a strong relationship with a higher power.
ValidRely
Study findings indicate that the HPRS is unidimensional, has excellent reliability, and has a low standard error of measurement (SEM). Strong content validity has been substantiated, and collectively, the data demonstrate support fro the HPRS in terms of construct validity.
Status
public
Population
Adults
African Americans
Permalink
http://bit.ly/HPRS_inst

AccessNo
473
Name
Two Item Conjoint Screen for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems
Acronym
TICS
Developer
Brown, Richard L.
Leonard, Tom
Saunders, Laura A.
Papasouliotis, Orestis
Description
A "conjoint" screening question is one that inquires about experiences with both alcohol and other drugs. Though conjoint screening questions carry some disadvantages (an alcohol-only user may avoid responding affirmatively to a question that also includes drugs, and conjoint questions also do not detect specific substances of abuse), they do carry benefits as well. For one thing, patients who use multiple substances may be more likely to respond positively to a conjoint question than to questions about each specific substance. Additionally, conjoint screening questions allow clinicians to screen for alcohol and drug problems much more rapidly. <p>

The TICS is a brief, conjoint screen that asks two essential questions: "In the last year, have you ever drunk or used drugs more than you meant to?" and "Have you felt you wanted or needed to cut down on your drinking or drug user in the last year?" A "yes" answer to either or both questions has demonstrated a sensitivity and specificity of nearly 80% for current alcohol abuse or drug dependence, excluding nicotine. Like the CAGE, the TICS can easily be administered verbally from memory and incorporated into standard medical interviews. Compared with other screens on for alcohol or drug problems, the TICS is briefer and has similar or better sensitivity and specificity.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. The TICS contains only two questions, both of which are in the description (above) and the source reference.
Contact
Richard L. Brown, MD, MPH<br>
Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison Medical School<br>
777 South Mills St.<Br>
Madison, WI 53715
ADAI
The two questions of the scale are in the description above.
SourceRef
Brown RL; Leonard T; Saunders LA; Papasouliotis O. A two-item screening test for alcohol and other drug problems. J Fam Pract 1997;44(2):151-160.
OtherRef
Brown RL; Leonard T; Saunders LA; Papsouliotis O. A two-item conjoint screen for alcohol and other drug problems. J Am Board Fam Pract 2001;14(2):95-106.
SourceInfo
Brown 2001 (other refs above)
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200612
Year
1997
AdminScoring
One or more affirmative responses should be regarded as a positive screening result for a substance abuse problem.
ValidRely
The clinical utility of screening devices is best characterized, not by the sensitivity or specificity, but by predictive values and likelihood ratios. In Brown RL et al (2001), the TICS was found to have a negative predictive value of 92.7%, indicating that only 7.3% of those with a negative screening result have a substance use disorder. The positive predictive value was 51.8%, indicating that slightly half of persons with a positive TICS actually have a disorder. More specifically, one positive response indicated a 36.5% chance of a disorder, whereas two positive responses indicated a 72.4% chance.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/TICscreen_inst

AccessNo
477
Name
German Addictive Buying Scale
Acronym
GABS
Developer
Scherhorn, Gerhard
Reisch, Lucia A.
Raab, Gerhard
Description
Also called the "German Addictive Buying Indicator," this 16-item scale is based on the Compulsive Buying Scale (CBS) developed by Valence et al. in 1988 (see Other References, below). The GABS operationalizes buying or shopping addiction using questions related to difficulties in managing money, impulsive buying behavior, the use of buying as a coping mechanism, and the feeling of guilt following buying things. Participants mark options on a four-point Likert scale indicating their level of agreement with certain statements (from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree"). Sample items include: "When I have money, I feel the need to spend it," "After buying something, I often ask myself if it was really so important," "I often buy things just because they're cheap," and "I often don't dare to show others the things I've bought because I might seem like an irresponsible person."
Availability
A copy of the scale (in English) can be found in the appendix of the Rodriguez-Villarino et al 2006 article above (Other References). Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Gerhard Scherhorn<br>
Professor of Consumer Electronics<br>
University of Hohenhein, Institute of Home and Consumer Electronics<br>
PO Box 700562, D-7000<br>
Stuttgart 70, FRG.
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\German Addictive Buying Scale 477.pdf [from Rodriguez-Villarino et al, 2006; English version]
SourceRef
Scherhorn G; Reisch LA; Raab G. Addictive buying in West Germany: An empirical study. Journal of Consumer Policy 1990;13(4):355-387.
OtherRef
Rodriguez-Villarino R; Gonzalez-Lorenzo M; Fernandez-Gonzalez A; Lameiras-Fernandez M; Foltz ML. Individual factors associated with buying addiction: An empirical study. Addiction Research and Theory 2006;14(5):511-525.
Valence G; d'Astous A; Fortier L. Compulsive buying: Concept and measurement. Journal of Consumer Policy 1988;11:419-433.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20German+Addictive+Buying%29%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: German Addictive Buying Scale (GABS)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20478%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Compulsive Buying Scale (CBS)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref, other ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200612
Year
1990
ValidRely
The GABS has been shown to be valid, one-dimensional, and reliable. It has strong construct validity and correlates with psychasthenia, depression, and self-esteem. The instrument's extreme-group validity was confirmed by the fact the average score of extreme buying addicts was significantly higher than that of normal buyers (45 vs. 27; p < 0.01). The GABS was also found to have a high degree of internal consistency when using respondents self-labeled as buying addicts (Cronbach's alpha of 0.87), and even more so when combining them when participants from the general population (Cronbach's alpha of 0.92).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/GABS_inst

AccessNo
478
Name
Compulsive Buying Scale
Acronym
CBS
Developer
Valence, Gilles
d'Astous, Alain
Fortier, Louis
Faber, Ronald J.
O'Guinn, T.
Description
The Compulsive Buying Scale is designed to screen for buying or shopping addiction, assessing the level of compulsive-like buying behavior in a respondent. The original thirteen question version of this scale uses items built around three dimensions: tendency to spend (items 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, and 12), reactive aspect (items 3, 4, 5, and 8), and post-purchase guilt (items 6, 7, and 13). The items are sufficiently general to apply to excessive as well as moderate compulsive-like buying behavior. Items include statements such as "When I have money, I cannot help but spend part or the whole of it," "At times, I have felt somewhat guilty after buying a product, because it seemed unreasonable," and "I often have an unexplainable urge, a sudden and spontaneous desire, to go and buy something in a store." Respondents rate the each statement on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from "very often" to "never."<p>

In 1992, R. Faber and T. O'Guinn modified this scale to create a seven-item version also called the "Compulsive Buying Scale." The seven scale items in this version reflect a need to spend money (items 1 and 6), awareness that spending behavior is aberrant (item 2), loss of control (items 3 and 4), buying things to improve mood (item 5), and probable financial problems (item 7). Both versions of the scale perform well psychometrically.
Availability
The source references above contain the scale items.
Contact
Ronald J. Faber, PhD.<br>
Director of Graduate Studies<br>
University of Minnesota School of Journalism and Communication<br>
tel: 612-626-0061<br>
<a href="mailto:faber001@umn.edu">faber001@umn.edu<br>
url: <a href="http://sjmc.umn.edu/aboutus/fac_rfaber.html">http://sjmc.umn.edu/aboutus/fac_rfaber.html</a>
SourceRef
Valence G; d'Astous A; Fortier L. Compulsive buying: Concept and measurement. Journal of Consumer Policy 1988;11(4):419-433. (original 13-item version)
Faber RJ, O’Guinn TC: A clinical screener for compulsive buying. J Consumer Res 1992; 19(3):459–469. (modified 7-item version)
OtherRef
d'Astous A. An inquiry into the compulsive side of "normal" consumers. J Consumer Policy 1990;13(1):15-31.
Black DW; Monahan P; Schlosser S; Repertinger S. Compulsive buying severity: an analysis of Compulsive Buying Scale results in 44 subjects. J Nerv Ment Dis 2001;189(2):123-6
Koran LM; Faber RJ; Aboujaoude E; Large MD; Serpe RT. Estimated prevalence of compulsive buying behavior in the United States. [uses the seven-item screener] Am J Psychiatry 2006;163(1):1806-1812
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20477%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">German Addictive Buying Scale (GABS)</a>
SourceInfo
source refs
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200612
Year
1990
ValidRely
The Compulsive Buying Scale has demonstrated a satisfactory level of reliability and validity.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CBScale_inst

AccessNo
487
Name
Eating Attitudes Test
Acronym
EAT
Developer
Garner, David M.
Garfinkel, Paul E.
Description
The Eating Attitudes Test is designed to help a subject determine if their eating behaviors and attitudes warrant further evaluation. It is one of the most widely-used scales for assessing anorexia nervosa. There are three versions of the EAT: a 12-item version (EAT-12), a 26-item version (EAT-26) and a 40-item version (EAT-40). A simplified version of the scale (14 items with 5 factors) for younger children is also available (the ChEAT). Each version includes statements about various eating behaviors, each rated by the respondent on a Likert-type scale ranging from 0 (never) to 3 (always). Statements include behaviors such as "I am terrified about being overweight," "I am aware of the calorie content of foods that I eat," "I vomit after I have eaten," and "I like my stomach to be empty." The EAT-26 has been studied in a variety of populations, including adults, adolescents, and college students, and a large amount of literature has documented the use of the EAT in a variety of cultures, including Mexico, Brazil, Japan, Zulu populations in South Africa, Croatia, Arabic countries, Turkey, and many others. Though the EAT has been found to be very effective in detecting probable cases of eating disorders, the measure was originally developed to assess the specific behaviors and attitudes of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients, and its validity as a "case-finding" instrument has not always been supported.
Availability
The EAT is copyrighted by the authors. It is available (with permission) for free on the web on a variety of sites, including: <a href="http://www.healthyplace.com/communities/Eating_Disorders/concernedcounseling/eat/EATtest.htm">HealthyPlace.com</a> (interactive online version) and the <a href="http://studenthealth.missouri.edu/EatingAttitudesTest.doc">University of Missouri-Columbia Student Health site</a> (Word document with scoring instructions).
InstURL
http://www.healthyplace.com/communities/Eating_Disorders/concernedcounseling/eat/EATtest.htm
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Eating Attitutdes Test 487.pdf
[EAT-26 version]
SourceRef
Garner DM; Garfinkel PE. The Eating Attitudes Test: An index of symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychological Medicine 1979; 9: 273–279.
OtherRef
Deady M. A Review of Screening, Assessment and Outcome Measures for Drug and Alcohol Settings. NSW Health Department, 2009, 225p. Free online: <a href="http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf">http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf</a>.
Gross J; Rosen JC; Leitenberg H; Willmuth ME. Validity of the Eating Attitudes Test and the Eating Disorders Inventory in bulimia nervosa. J Consult Clin Psychol 1986;54(6):875-6.
Williams P; Hand D; Tarnopolsky A. The problem of screening for uncommon disorders -- a comment on the Eating Attitudes Test. Psychol Med 1982; 12(2):431-4.
Garner DM; Olmstead MP; Bohr Y; Garfinkel PE. The Eating Attitudes Test: Psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol Med 1982;12(4):871-8 [development of the EAT-26 from the EAT-40].
Carter PI; Moss RA. Screening for anorexia and bulimia nervosa in a college population: problems and limitations. Addictive Behaviors 1984;9(4):417-9.
Wells JE; Coope PA; Gabb DC; Pears RK. The factor structure of the Eating Attitudes Test with adolescent schoolgirls. Psychol Med 1985;15(1):141-6.
Lynch WC; Eppers-Reynolds K. Children's Eating Attitudes Test: Revised factor structure for adolescent girls. Eat Weight Disord 2005;10(4):222-35.
Canals J; Carbajo G; Fernandez-Ballart J. Discriminant validity of the Eating Attitudes Test according to American Psychiatric Association and World Health Organization criteria of eating disorders. Psychol Rep 2002;91(3 Pt 2):1052-6
Garfinkel PE; Newman A. The Eating Attitudes Test: Twenty-five years later. Eat Weight Disord 2001;6(1):1-24
Englesen BK; Hagtvet KA. The dimensionality of the 12-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test. Confirmatory factor analyses. Scand J Psychol 1999;40(4):293-300.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Eating+Attitudes+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT)</a>
SourceInfo
source and other refs
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1979
InstURLHost
HealthyPlace.com
AdminScoring
All but one of the items (item 26) are scored by simply adding up the point values assigned by the Likert scale (i.e. "Always" is 3 points, "Never" is 0). Item 26, "I enjoy trying new rich foods," is scored in the reverse: Always (0), Usually (0), Often (0), Sometimes (1), Rarely (2), Never (3). A final score of over 20 suggests that the respondent may need further evaluation for an eating disorder.
ValidRely
The EAT-26 is a reliable, valid and economical instrument which may be used as an objective measure of the symptoms of eating disorders (including anorexia and bulimia).
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
College students
Permalink
http://bit.ly/EAT_inst

AccessNo
499
Name
Children of Alcoholics Screening Test
Acronym
CAST
Developer
Jones, John W.
Description
The CAST was developed to help identify children who are experiencing or have experienced difficulties living with alcoholic parents. The questionnaire consists of 30 yes or no items, with scores ranging from 0 to 30. The cutoff score for identifying children of alcoholics is set at 6 or more. The higher the score, the more a family is affected by alcoholism. Scale items include questions such as "Have you ever thought that one of your parents had a drinking problem?", "Did you ever feel that you made a parent drink alcohol?", and "Have you ever felt sick, cried, or had a knot in your stomach after worrying about a parent's drinking?"
Availability
Copyright 1983 by John Jones.
InstURL
http://www.lightheart.com/PDF/CASTtest.pdf
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Children of Alcoholics Screening Test 499.pdf
SourceRef
Jones JW. The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test. Bulletin of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behavior 1983;2:155-163.
Jones JW. The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST). Chicago: Family Recovery Press, 1981.
Jones JW. The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test. Chicago: Camelot, 1991.
OtherRef
Sheridan MJ. A psychometric assessment of the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST). J Stud Alcohol 1995;56(2):156-60.
Charland H; Cote G. The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST): Test-retest reliability and concordance validity. J Clin Psychol 1998;54(7):995-1003.
Dinning WD; Berk AL. The Children of Alcoholics Screening Test: Relationship to sex, family environment, and social adjustment in adolescents. J Clin Psychol 1989;45:335-339.
Staley D; El-Guebaly N. Psychometric evaluation of the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST) in a psychiatric sample. Int J Addict 1991;26:657-668.
Lease SH; Yanico BJ. Evidence of validity for the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test. Measurement Eval Counseling Development 1995;27:200-210.
Yeatman FR; Bogart CJ; Geer FA; Sirridge ST. Children of alcoholics screening test : Internal consistency, factor structure, and relationship to measures of family environment. J Clin Psychol 1994;50(6):931-936.
Hodgins DC ; Shimp L. Identifying adult children of alcoholics: methodological review and a comparison of the CAST-6 with other methods. Addiction 1995;90(2):255-267.
Amodeo M; Griffin ML. Sibling agreement on retrospective reports of parental alcoholism and other childhood events. Substance Use and Misuse 2009;44(7):943-964.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Children+of+Alcoholics+Screening+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST)</a>
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20677%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Children of Alcoholics Screening Test - Short Form (CAST-6)</a>
SourceInfo
Other references
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1983
InstURLHost
The Lightheart Institute
ValidRely
The CAST has demonstrated high reliability and validity, including good internal consistency, high item-total scale correlations, and near perfect test-retest agreement (Charland & Cote, 1998). For detailed psychometric information, see Other References, above.
Status
public
Population
Children of alcoholics
Children
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/CAST_inst

AccessNo
511
Name
Drug History Questionnaire (or Psychoactive Drug History Questionnaire)
Acronym
DHQ
PDHQ
Developer
Sobell, Linda C.
Kwan, Even
Sobell, Mark B.
Description
The Drug History Questionnaire is a one-page form that takes about 5 to 10 minutes to complete and collects data for nine different drug classes: alcohol, cannabis, hallucinogens, depressants, inhalants, narcotics, stimulants, tranquilizers, and other drugs. For each drug class, the following information is collected: was the drug ever used and, if so: (a) number of years used; (b) whether the drug was ever prescribed; (c) year last used; and (d) frequency of past use during a typical month (e.g., 2-3 times a week, once a month, daily). A revised version of the DHQ also records the age a drug was first used and the route of administration. This scale is also sometimes referred to as the Psychoactive Drug History Questionnaire (PDHQ).
Availability
Copyright 2003 by Sobell & Sobell.
Contact
Linda S. Sobell, PhD<br>
<a href="mailto:sobelll@nova.edu">sobelll@nova.edu</a>
InstURL
http://www.nova.edu/gsc/forms/DrugHistoryQuest.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Drug History Questionnaire 511.pdf
SourceRef
Sobell LC; Kwan E; Sobell MB. Reliability of a Drug History Questionnaire (DHQ). Addict Behav 1995;20(2):233-241. [A copy of the scale can be found in the Appendix.]
OtherRef
Butler GK; Montgomery AM. Impulsivity, risk taking and recreational 'ecstasy' (MDMA) use. Drug Alcohol Depend 2004;76(1):55-62.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20DHQ%20/%20Drug+History+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Drug History Questionnaire (DHQ)</a>
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1995
InstURLHost
Nova Southeastern University
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/DrugHistQ_inst

AccessNo
515
Name
Alcoholism Self-Test
Developer
National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
Description
This self-test helps a respondent review the role alcohol plays in their life. The questions incorporate many of the common symptoms of alcoholism and is intended to help the respondent determine whether or not they or someone they know needs to find out more about alcoholism. It is not intended to be used to establish the diagnosis of alcoholism, but can be a useful informational tool. The 26 yes/no items on this scale include questions such as "Can you handle more alcohol now than when you first started to drink?", "Have you been having more blackouts recently?", and "Do you ever feel depressed or anxious before, during, or after periods of heavy drinking?"
Availability
Copyright information unavailable.
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Alcoholism Self-Test 515.pdf
SourceInfo
NCADD web site, print copy of scale.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1980
Status
public
Population
Adults
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AlcoholSelfTest_inst

AccessNo
516
Name
Mortimer-Filkins Test
Developer
Mortimer, R. G.
Filkins, L. D.
Description
This scale was designed spcifically to identify problem drinkers among DUI offenders and therefore has been used widely in DUI education and treatment programs. The Mortimer-Filkins contains 54 scored questions, 4 nonscored questions, and a somewhat complicated scoring procedure. For the most part, this test uses indirect means to identify problem drinkers. That is, most of the questions address issues that are highly correlated with problem drinking rather than direct questions about the use of alcohol. This makes it more difficult for a DUI offender to know why a particular question is being asked and therefore, it is more difficult to disguise a drinking problem. This test has been found to be highly stable and reliable, and is a reasonable tool for identification of DUI offenders at high risk of DUI recidivism.
Availability
The ADAI Library has archived a copy of this scale for research and educational purposes. Copyright information unavailable.
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Mortimer Filkins Test 516.pdf
SourceRef
Mortimer RG; Filkins LD; Lower JS. Development of court procedures for identifying problem drinkers: Final report. Report No. DOT-HS-800-631. U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Washington, DC, 1971.
OtherRef
Wendling A; Kolody B. An evaluation of the Mortimer-Filkins test as a predictor of alcohol-impaired driving recidivism. J Stud Alcohol 1982;43(7):751-66.
Jacobson GR. Detection, assessment, and diagnosis of alcoholism. Current techniques. Recent Dev Alcohol 1983;1:377-413.
Webb GR. The Mortimer-Filkins test of problem drinking: A review of psychometric properties. Br J Addict 1990;85:1491-1494.
Webb GR; Redman S; Hennrikus D; Sanson-Fisher RW. The reliability and stability of the Mortimer-Filkins Test. J Stud Alcohol 1992;53:561-567.
Snow RW; Wells-Parker E. Relationships between drinking problems and drinking locations among convicted drinking drivers. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2001;27(3):531-542.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Mortimer+Filkins+Test%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Mortimer-Filkins Test</a>
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1971
Status
public
Population
Adults
Offenders
DUI/DWI drivers
Permalink
http://bit.ly/MortimerFilkins_inst

AccessNo
517
Name
Kreek-McHugh-Schluger-Kellogg Scale
Acronym
KMSK
Developer
Kellogg, Scott H.
McHugh, Pauline F.
Bell, Kathy
Schluger, James H.
Schluger, Rosemary P.
LaForge, K. Steven
Ho, Ann
Kreek, Mary Jeanne
Description
This scale was designed to quickly test for addiction to cocaine, heroin, and alcohol simply by asking about the time in the person's life when he or she was drinking or using these substances the most. It takes about five minutes to administer, and only three answers influence the patient's score: the duration of the heaviest period of use, the frequency of use during that time, and the amount typically consumed at one sitting during that time. While most other brief tests for drug or alcohol addiction ask about the negative consequences of substance abuse, such as neglect of work or family responsibilities, the KMSK is the first to focus solely on the intensity of alcohol or substance use, an important contributor to addiction.
Availability
This scale is available in English, French, Spanish, Italian, and Hebrew. A copy of the scale can be found in Appendix A of the source reference.
Contact
Mary Jeanne Kreek, PhD<br>
tel: 212-327-8248<br>
<a href="mailto:kreek@rockvax.rockefeller.edu">kreek@rockvax.rockefeller.edu</a>
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Kreek-McHugh-Schluger-Kellogg Scale 517.pdf
SourceRef
Kellogg SH; McHugh PF; Bell K; Schluger JH; Schluger RP; LaForge KS; Ho A; Kreek MJ. The Kreek-McHugh-Schluger-Kellogg scale: A new, rapid method for quantifying substance abuse and its possible applications. Drug Alcohol Depend 2003;69(2):137-150. [Includes a copy of the scale.]
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20KMSK%20/%20Kreek+McHugh+Schluger+Kellogg+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Kreek-McHugh-Schluger-Kellogg Scale (KMSK)</a>
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
2003
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/KMSK_inst

AccessNo
520
Name
FAS Screen
Developer
Burd, Larry
Cox, Chaun
Poitra, Betty
Wentz, Tom
Ebertowski, Mary
Martsolf, John T.
Kerbeshian, Jacob
Klug, Marilyn G.
Description
The FAS Screen is a rapid, 32 item tool developed for community-based screening of FAS in 4-18 year olds, an age range that encompasses the time when children are in contact with well-established screening systems (school readiness screening) and a developmental period when the signs of FAS are prominent. It focuses on three areas: growth impairment, neurologic dysfunction, and facial features. It has demonstrated acceptable performance characteristics and is cost-effective.
Availability
Copyright 1999 by Larry Burd, PhD. A copy of the scale can be found in the Appendix of the source reference.
Contact
Larry Burd, Ph.D., MCRH-CETP<br>
1300 S. Columbia Road<br>
Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA<br>
tel: 701-780 2477
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder (source reference with scale).
Source ref with scale: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Articles\FAS Screen Burd Cox et al 1999.pdf
Just the scale: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\FAS Screen 520.pdf
SourceRef
Burd L; Cox C; Poitra B; Wentz T; Ebertowski M; Martsolf JT; Kerbeshian J; Klug MG. The FAS Screen: A rapid screening tool for fetal alcohol syndrome. Addiction Biology 1999;4:329-336.
OtherRef
Poitra BA; Marion S; Dionne M; Wilkie E; Dauphinais P; Wilkie-Pepion M; Martsolf JT; Klug MG; Burd L. A school-based screening program for fetal alcohol syndrome. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 2003;25:725-729. [<a href="http://fasdcenter.samhsa.gov/documents/school_based_screening.pdf">free online</a>]
Burd L; Olson M; Juelson T. A strategy for community-based screening for fetal alcohol syndrome. Online resource (originally published in 2003, revised in 2005): <a href="http://www.excellence-earlychildhood.ca/documents/Burd-Olson-JuelsonANGxp_rev.pdf">http://www.excellence-earlychildhood.ca/documents/Burd-Olson-JuelsonANGxp_rev.pdf</a>.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20FAS+Screen%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: FAS Screen</a>
SourceInfo
refs.
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Year
1999
AdminScoring
This screen should be administered by staff trained to recognize the signs and symptoms of FAS. A score of 20 or above on the FAS Screen indicates that a referral for further evaluation is warranted.
ValidRely
The source reference study found that the estimated values for the FAS Screen were: specificity 94.1%, sensitivity 100%, positive predictive value 9.1% and negative predictive value 100%.
Status
public
Population
Children
Adolescents
American Indian/Alaska Native
Permalink
http://bit.ly/FASScreen_inst

AccessNo
527
Name
Openness to Spiritual Ideas Questionnaire
Acronym
OSIQ
Description
This scale asks four questions regarding the respondent's openness to spiritual ideas (specifically those commonly associated with 12-step programs like Alcoholics Anonymous). The items include questions like: "How much do you believe in the existence of a 'Higher Power'?" and "How willing would you be to listen to another if they talk about 'spiritual matters' in a treatment program?" This scale can be used to gauge a respondent's suitability for a 12-step or other "spiritually-focused" treatment or recovery program.
Availability
The ADAI Library has archived a copy of this instrument for research and educational purposes.
ADAI
Print copy in instrument binder.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Openness to Spiritual Ideas Questionnaire 527.pdf
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
Treatment planning
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/OSIQ_inst

AccessNo
536
Name
Hospital Screening Study
Acronym
HSS
Developer
Streissguth, Ann P.
Description
This measure was developed as part of the Pregnancy and Health Study at the University of Washington, which aimed to help reduce perinatal chemical dependency and its devastating effects by improving identification of drug use prior to or early in pregnancy. This scale was given to new mothers in Seattle in order to collect data on the kinds of drugs women are taking before and during their pregnancies. It lists several different substances (marijuana, heroin, cocaine, prescription medications, cigarettes, and alcohol) and asks the respondent to circle "yes" or "no" depending on whether or not they used the substance in the "month or so before pregnancy" or "during this pregnancy."
Contact
Ann P. Streissguth, PhD<br>
tel: 206-543-7155
ADAI
Source ref: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Articles\Hospital Screening Study Taylor 1999.pdf
Scale alone: G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Hospital Screening Study 536.pdf
Print copy in instrument binder (just the scale).
SourceRef
Taylor P (ed.). Guidelines for Screening for Substance Abuse During Pregnancy. Olympia, WA : WA State Department of Health, Maternal and Child Health, 1999.
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200701
Status
public
Population
Women
Pregnant women
Permalink
http://bit.ly/HSS_inst

AccessNo
556
Name
Substance Dependence Screening Questionnaire
Acronym
SDSQ
Developer
Vazquez, Fernando L.
Blanco, Vanessa
Lopez, Maria
Description
This brief, easily administered screening instrument is intended to identify persons meeting diagnostic criteria for drug dependence in non-clinical populations. The SDSQ comprises 11 items, the aim of which is to determine whether the subject is currently suffering or has ever suffered from substance dependence (maladaptive consumption of a psychoactive substance resulting in clinically significant impairment or distress) according to the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). It is based on the substance abuse sections of SCID-CV and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).
Availability
Appendix A of the Source Ref contains the instrument (in English).
Contact
Fernando L. Vazquez<br>
Departmento de Psicologia Clinica y Psicobiologia<br>
Facultad de Psicologia<br>
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela<br>
Campus Universitario Sur<br>
15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain<br>
<a href="mailto:pcfer@usc.es">pcfer@usc.es</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Substance Dependence Screening Questionnaire 556.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Vazquez FL; Blanco V; Lopez M. Performance of a new substance dependence screening questionnaire (SDSQ) in a non-clinical population. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(5):1082-1087. [includes copy of scale]
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20SDSQ%20/%20Substance+Dependence+Screening+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Substance Dependence Screening Questionnaire (SDSQ)</a>
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Screening
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200703
Year
2007
AdminScoring
The SDSQ comprises 11 items (plus 5 additional items associated with item 1). Item 1 obtains relevant non-diagnostic information (the substance in question, intensity of consumption, current or past, etc.); items 2-7 cover the first six of the seven DSM-IV-TR criteria for substance dependence; and items 8-11 jointly cover the seventh criterion (continued use in spite of awareness of harm). Substance dependence is tentatively diagnosed if, in relation to a single 12-month perioid, the subject responds affirmatively to three or more of items 2-7, or to at least two of items 2-7 plus either or both of items 9 and 11 (items 8 and 10 merely determine whether items 9 and 10 are pertinent for any particular respondent.
ValidRely
The SDSQ shows good diagnostic validity, especially for women.
Status
public
Population
College students
Hispanics
Women
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SDSQ_inst

AccessNo
567
Name
Indigenous Risk Impact Screen
Acronym
IRIS
Developer
Schlesinger, Carla M.
Ober, Coralie
McCarthy, Molly M.
Watson, Joanne D.
Seinen, Anita
Description
The Indigenous Risk Impact Screen (IRIS) was developed to screen for both alcohol/drug and mental health issues, with the broad aim of finding "at risk" individuals, of providing timely advice to clients about the potential risk, and of enabling Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and mainstream substance misuse and health agencies to better respond to client needs and provide appropriate and timely referrals.<p>
The IRIS screens, in a culturally appropriate manner, for both alcohol/drug and mental health risk within one instrument, recognizing the high co-occurrence of the two issues. It also measures alcohol and drug use in terms of total substance use, whereby the individual reports on his/her overall drug use, rather than each drug separately or primary drug use only. The IRIS drug and alcohol subscale shows promise in terms of its ability to screen for binge drinking.<p>
The IRIS screen would be feasible for use in general health-care settings as it is delivered quickly and easily comprehensible to Indigenous clients.
Availability
Appendix 1 of the Source ref (Schlesinger, 2007) contains the IRIS item set.
Contact
Carla Schlesinger<br>
Centre for Drug and Alcohol Studies<br>
The Prince Charles Hospital Health Service District<br>
Brisbane, Queensland 4000, Australia<br>
<a href="mailto:Carla_Schlesinger@health.qld.gov.au">Carla_Schlesinger@health.qld.gov.au</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Indigenous Risk Impact Screen 567.pdf
SourceRef
Schlesinger CM; Ober C; McCarthy MM; Watson JD; Seinen A. The development and validation of the Indigenous Risk Impact Screen (IRIS): a 13-item screening instrument for alcohol and drug and mental health risk. Drug and Alcohol Review 2007;26(2):109-117.
OtherRef
Deady M. A Review of Screening, Assessment and Outcome Measures for Drug and Alcohol Settings. NSW Health Department, 2009, 225p. Free online: <a href="http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf">http://www.ntcoss.org.au/sites/www.ntcoss.org.au/files/Review_of_Measures_09.pdf</a>.
Ober C, Dingle K, Clavarino A, et al. Validating a screening tool for mental health and substance use risk in an Indigenous prison population. Drug Alcohol Rev 2013;32(6):611-7.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Indigenous+Risk+Impact+Screen%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Indigenous Risk Impact Screen (IRIS)</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Screening
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200704
Year
2007
AdminScoring
13 items; variable Likert scale.
Training and support in the appropriate use of the IRIS is available through the Centre for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Alcohol and Drug Service, the Prince Charles Hospital Health Service District.
ValidRely
The IRIS demonstrates strong internal consistency, convergent validity and evidenced valid cut-offs for determining symptomatic individuals in terms of drug and alcohol use and mental health problems in Indigenous Australian populations.
Status
public
Population
Co-occurring clients
Offenders
Permalink
http://bit.ly/IRIS_inst

AccessNo
568
Name
Problematic Use of Narcotics
Acronym
PUN
Developer
Okulicz-Kozaryn, Katarzyna
Sieroslawski, Janusz
Description
The PUN is a brief screening test for illicit drug problem use by adolescents in Poland. The final version of the PUN uses 10 yes/no items addressing experiences associated with drug use in the past 12 months. Items include questions such as, "Have you ever skipped school classes or come late to school because of drugs?" "Have you ever bought drugs from drug dealer?" "Do you often feel desire for drugs?" and "Have you had problems with the police because of drug use?" It is easy to administer and score, and may significantly improve identification of adolescents with drug related problems by school counsellrs, teachers, primary health, and social care specialists.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable. The ten items in the final version of the PUN are listed in Table 1 of the source reference.
Contact
Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn<br>
<a href="mailto:kokuliez@ipin.edu.pl">kokuliez@ipin.edu.pl</a><br>
Sieroslawski, Janusz<br>
<a href="mailto:sierosla@ipin.edu.pl">sierosla@ipin.edu.pl</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Problematic Use of Narcotics 568.pdf
[from source ref]
SourceRef
Okulicz-Kozaryn K; Sieroslawski J. Validation of the "problematic use of narcotics" (PUN) screening test for drug using adolescents. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(3):640-646.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Problematic+Use+of+Narcotics%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Problematic Use of Narcotics (PUN)</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Clinician-administered interview
EnteredBy
pm, MB
EntryDate
200703
Year
2007
AdminScoring
Test scores are calculated by summing positive answers (indicating the presence of a problem associated with drug use).
ValidRely
This study provides supportive evidence for the validity of the PUN test to detect problematic drug use by adolescents. The test showed potential as a brief screening tool. It is easy to administer, score, and its psychometric properties are satisfactory.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PUN_inst

AccessNo
571
Name
Opioid Risk Tool
Acronym
ORT
Developer
Webster, Lynn R.
Webster, Rebecca M.
Description
Early awareness of aberrant medication-taking behavior and subsequent physician action could disrupt behavioral patterns of medication misuse and addiction, and improve treatment outcomes. The ORT is an office-based tool designed to predict the probablility of a patient displaying aberrant behaviors when prescribed opioids for chronic pain. It assesses patients for family and personal history of alcohol; illegal drug and prescription substance abuse; age; history of preadolescent sexual abuse; and specific mental disorders. Each risk factor is weighted and attributed a point value believed to reflect its risk relative to the other risk factors. The ORT has high sensitivity and specificity for determining patients at risk for opioid-related aberrant medication-taking behavior.
<p>
Note: Jones & Passik (2011) describe 2 variations of the ORT: the patient-completed ORT (PC-ORT) and the clinician-completed ORT (CC-ORT). The clinician-administered version demonstrated better prediction of aberant drug taking behavior than the patient version, possibly due to comprehension issues.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Lynn R. Webster, MD<br>
Lifetree Pain Clinic and Clinical Research<br>
3838 South 700 East, Suite 200<br>
Salt Lake City, UT 84106, USA<br>
tel: 801-261-4988<br>
<a href="mailto:lynnw@lifetreepain.com">lynnw@lifetreepain.com</a>
InstURL
https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/files/OpioidRiskTool.pdf
SourceRef
Webster LR; Webster RM. Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: preliminary validation of the Opioid Risk Tool. Pain Medicine 2005; 6(6):432-442. doi/10.1111/j.1526-4637.2005.00072.x/pdf
OtherRef
Weaver M; Schnoll S. Addiction issues in prescribing opioids for chronic nonmalignant pain. Journal of Addiction Medicine 2007;1(1):2-10.
Jones T, Passik SD. A comparison of methods of administering the Opioid Risk Tool. Journal of Opioid Management 2011;7(5):347-51.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Opioid+Risk+Tool%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Opioid Risk Tool (ORT)</a>
SourceInfo
Other ref (Weaver, 2007) and Source ref (Webster, 2005)
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
PM, NS
EntryDate
200704
Year
2005
InstURLHost
NIDA
AdminScoring
Each item in the ORT is weighted and assigned a point value believed to reflect its risk relative to the other risk factors. A score of 0-3 indicates "low risk" (of opioid medication misuse), 4-7 indicates "moderate risk," and a score of greater than 8 indicates high risk.
ValidRely
In a preliminary study, among patients prescribed opioids for chronic pain, the ORT exhibited a high degree of sensitivity and specificity for determining which individuals are at risk for opioid-related, aberrant behaviors. Further studies in a variety of pain and nonpain settings are needed to determine the ORT's universal applicability.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/ORT_inst

AccessNo
572
Name
Pain Medication Questionnaire
Acronym
PMQ
Developer
Adams, Laura L.
Gatchel, Robert J.
Robinson, Richard C.
Polatin, Peter
Gajraj, Noor
Deschner, Martin
Noe, Carl
Description
The PMQ was developed to screen for addiction in patients with chronic, nonmalignant pain. The 26-item instrument was constructed based on suspected behavioral correlates of opioid medication misuse, which heretofore have received limited empirical investigation. It is designed for use in a busy clinic environment, to identify patients on a range of potential risk, based on the extent to which they self-report certain related behaviors. No mention is specifically made of opioid medication in the scale items, so that patients taking any form of pain medication could be measured on the same set of behaviors and attitudes. A specific effort was made to use language in item-construction that was as neutral and non-threatening as possible, in order to encourage candid responding. A readability analysis found the instrument to fall at grade 7.5 level.<p>
Availability
For permisssion to use this instrument, contact Robert Gatchel. A copy of the instrument is located in the appendix at the end of the source reference (Adams, 2004).
Contact
Robert J. Gatchel<br>
The Eugene McDermott Center for Pain Management, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas<br>
5323 Harry Hines Boulevard<br>
Dallas, TX 75390 USA<br>
<a href="mailto:robert.gatchel@utsouthwestern.edu">robert.gatchel@utsouthwestern.edu</a>
ADAI
Source ref is in reprint file.
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Pain Medication Questionnaire 572.pdf [from source ref]
SourceRef
Adams LL; Gatchel RJ; Robinson RC; et al. Development of a self-report screening instrument for assessing potential opioid medication misuse in chronic pain patients. J Pain Symptom Manage 2004; 27(5):440-459.
OtherRef
Passik SD, Kirsh KL, Casper D. Addiction-related assessment tools and pain management:instruments for screening, treatment planning and monitoring compliance. Pain Med 2008;9:S145-S166.
Weaver M; Schnoll S. Addiction issues in prescribing opioids for chronic nonmalignant pain. Journal of Addiction Medicine 2007; 1(1):2-10.
Dowling LS, Gatchel RJ, Adams LL, Stowell AW, Bernstein D. An evaluation of the predictive validity of the Pain Medication Questionnaire with a heterogeneous group of patients with chronic pain. J Opioid Manag 2007;3(5):257-66. PMID: 18181380
Holmes CP, Gatchel RJ, Adams LL, Stowell AW, et al. An opioid screening instrument: long-term evaluation of the utility of Pain Medication Questionnaire. Pain Pract 2006;6:74-88.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Pain+Medication+Questionnaire%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Pain Medication Questionnaire (PMQ)</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref and Other refs.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200704
Year
2004
AdminScoring
Items are structured in the form of statements, to which patients indicate their degree of agreement or behavioral conformity on a 5-point Likert scale (with 0 meaning "Disagree" and 4 "Agree"). An overall score is derived by summing the item-scores for the 26 items, with a minimum possible score of 0 (26 items × 0 points) and a maximum possible score of 104 (26 items × 4 points). Higher overall scores were assumed to reflect a greater presence of behaviors associated with potential risk for opioid misuse. To minimize the probability of a negative or positive response bias, some items were developed to capture behaviors believed to be inversely related to risk for opioid misuse. Reverse numeration was applied to these items (e.g., Disagree = 4, Agree = 0).
ValidRely
Reliability coefficients for the PMQ were found to be of moderate but acceptable strength. Construct and concurrent validity were examined through correlation of PMQ scores to measures of substance abuse, physical and psychological functioning, and physicians' risk assessments.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/PMQ_inst

AccessNo
576
Name
Acute Hangover Scale
Acronym
AHS
Developer
Rohsenow, Damaris J.
Howland, Jonathan
Minsky, Sara J.
Greece, Jacey
Almeida, Alissa
Roehrs, Timothy A.
Description
The 9-item Acute Hangover Scale is based on symptoms supported in experimental investigations of hangover. The scale is intended to be administered within 10-20 minutes after the subject has been awakened after a session of drinking, when hangover symptoms tend to be the most detectable. Subjects are asked to rate each hangover symptom on a scale of 1-7 using four anchors: None (0), Mild (1), Moderate (4) and Incapacitating (7). The symptoms included are Hangover, Thirsty, Tired, Headache, Dizzyness/Faintness, Loss of appetite, Stomach ache, Nausea, and Heart racing.
Availability
The nine symptoms used in the scale are printed in the source reference.
Contact
Damaris Rohsenow, PhD<br>
Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies<br>
Box G-BH, Brown University<br>
Providence, RI 02912 USA<br>
tel: 1-401-444-1843<br>
<a href="mailto:Damaris_Rohsenow@brown.edu">Damaris_Rohsenow@brown.edu</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Acute Hangover Scale 576.pdf
SourceRef
Rohsenow DJ, Howland J, Minsky SJ, Greece J, Almeida A, Roehrs TA. The Acute Hangover Scale: A new measure of immediate hangover symptoms. Addictive Behaviors 2007;32(6):1314-1320.
Resources
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Books2&MQ=MultiQuery&CS=0&QY=find%20%28Title%20/%20Subjects%20/%20Descriptors%20/%20Instruments%20ct%20Acute+Hangover+Scale%29&RF=MultiReport&DF=FullDisplay&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">ADAI Library Search: Acute Hangover Scale (AHS)</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200705
Year
2007
AdminScoring
The answer format for the nine items uses the scale 0-7 with four anchors: None (0), Mild (1), Moderate (4) and Incapacitating (7).
ValidRely
The AHS showed excellent internal consistency reliability the morning after alcohol. The AHS mean score and each item were significantly affected by beverage but not demographics or typical drinking, supporting validity.
Status
public
Population
College students
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/AHS_inst

AccessNo
589
Name
Brief Alcohol Screening Instrument for Medical Care
Acronym
BASIC
Developer
Bischof, Gallus
Reinhardt, Susa
Grothues, Janina
Meyer, Christian
John, Ulrich
Rumpf, Hans-Jurgen
Description
This very brief questionnaire (6 items) screens for alcohol use disorders and for at-risk drinking. It combines items from different questionnaires, three items from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) and three from the Lubeck Alcohol dependence and abuse Screening Test (LAST). It is a paper-and-pencil questionnaire that is sensitive enough to be implemented into daily routine care in general medical care settings. The first three questions deal with frequency of drinking ("How often do you have a drink containing alcohol?") and the last three deal with more emotional or interpersonal issues ("Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?" or "Does your wife, husband, a parent, or a relative ever worry or complain about your drinking?"). The BASIC appears to be a useful, brief screening instrument that performs better than the LAST and AUDIT-C and performs equally well compared with the AUDIT.
Availability
The single items from the BASIC (and their scoring) are listed in the source reference.
Contact
Gallus Bischof, PhD<br>
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Research Group S:TEP<br>
University of Lubeck<br>
Ratzeburger Allee 160<br>
23538 Lubeck, Germany<br>
<a href="mailto:gallus.bischof@ukl.uni-leubeck.de">gallus.bischof@ukl.uni-leubeck.de</a>
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Brief Alcohol Screening Instrument for Medical Care 589.pdf (from source ref -- see "Discussion" for items and scoring values)
SourceRef
Bischof G; Reinhardt S; Grothues J; Meyer C; John U; Rumpf HJ. Development and evaluation of a screening instrument for alcohol-use disorders and at-risk drinking: The Brief Alcohol Screening Instrument for Medical Care (BASIC). Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2007; 68(4):607-614.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%2033%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption Items (AUDIT-C)</a>
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20590%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Lubeck Alcohol Dependence and Abuse Screening Test (LAST)</a>
SourceInfo
Source reference.
InstrumentType
Screening
Self-administered questionnaire
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200706
Year
2007
AdminScoring
Scoring instructions can be found in the source reference along with the screening items. Each possible answer for each question in the BASIC has a point value assigned to it. At the end of administration, the points are added up. The recommended cut-off value for identifying Alcohol Use Disorders or at-risk drinking is 2 points.
ValidRely
The BASIC has high sensitivity and specificity and can be administered very quickly.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/BASIC_inst

AccessNo
590
Name
Lubeck Alcohol Dependence and Abuse Screening Test
Acronym
LAST
Developer
Rumpf, Hans-Jurgen
Hapke, Ulfert
Hill, Andreas
John, Ulrich
Description
A brief, but sensitive, screening questionnaire is important when tryin to detect patients with alcohol dependence or abuse in general hospitals or general practices. The CAGE, while short, is not particularly sensitive, and the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), while sensitive, is not particularly short. For this reason, the authors created the LAST, which combines items from the CAGE and the MAST, in order to create a more sensitive and useful brief screening tool. The LAST uses 7 items, which are answered either "yes" or "no." Items include questions such as "Are you always able to stop drinking when you want to?" and "Have you ever been told you have liver trouble? Cirrhosis?" This instrument revealed a higher sensitivity than CAGE, SMAST, and MAST in the first general hospital sample (see source reference), and appears to be a refined tool for use in general medical settings.
Availability
The 7 items in the LAST are printed in Table 1 of the source reference.
Contact
Hans-Jurgen Rumpf<br>
Department of Psychiatry<br>
Medical University of Luebeck<br>
Research Group For Substance Abuse and Dependence<br>
Ratzeburger Allee 160, D-23538<br>
Leubeck, Germany
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Lubeck Alcohol Dependence and Abuse Screening Test 590.pdf
SourceRef
Rumpf H; Hapke U; Hill A; John U. Development of a screening questionnaire for the general hospital and general practices. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1997;21(5):894-898.
SourceInfo
source ref
InstrumentType
Screening
EnteredBy
MB
EntryDate
200707
Year
1997
AdminScoring
Each item in the LAST is answered with either a "yes" or a "no." Point values for each answer are assigned (see source reference for point values) and after administration, the total points are added up. A score of 2 points or higher is indicative of alcohol dependence or abuse.
ValidRely
The LAST detects 10-15% more patients with alcohol dependence or abuse compared to the CAGE. Compared with the SMAST, the LAST also demonstrated greater sensitivity in a general hospital sample, though not in a general practice setting (see source reference). The reliability of the LAST is as good as in the MAST and CAGE.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/LAST_inst

AccessNo
596
Name
Substances and Choices Scale
Acronym
SACS
Developer
Christie, Grant
Marsh, Reginald
Sheridan, Janie
Wheeler, Amanda
Suaalii-Sauni, Tamasailau
Black, Stella
Butler, Rachael
Description
The Substances and Choices Scale (SACS) is an adolescent alcohol and other drug (AOD) self-report instrument. The SACS is a brief, simple AOD instrument that is reliable, valid and acceptable to young people and their clinicians. It has utility in screening for problematic use and measuring outcome and change over time, and should enhance the identification and treatment of AOD difficulties in adolescents across a range of health settings.
<p>
The SACS has three sections. The first section records the number of occasions the young person has used a variety of substances in the last month. The second section measures both substance use related symptoms and substance related harm. Scoring this section yields the 'SACS difficulties score' from 0 to 20. This score can be used to screen or measure change through a treatment episode. The third section asks about tobacco use.
Availability
The SACS is free of charge and is accessible via the internet.
Contact
Grant Christie<br>
CADS Youth Service ‘Altered High’<br>
WDHB, Level 2, 409 New North Road<br>
Kingsland, Auckland 1021, New Zealand<br>
E-mail: <mailto:grant.christie@waitematadhb.govt.nz>grant.christie@waitematadhb.govt.nz</a>
InstURL
http://www.sacsinfo.com/docs/SACSClinical.pdf
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Substances and Choices Scale.pdf
SourceRef
Grant C ; Marsh R ; Sheridan J ; Wheeler A ; Suaalii-Sauni T ; Black S ; Butler R. The Substances and Choices Scale (SACS) - the development and testing of a new alcohol and other drug screening and outcome measurement instrument for young people. Addiction 2007; 102(9):1390-1398.
Resources
Substances and Choices Scale website: <a href="http://www.sacsinfo.com">http://www.sacsinfo.com</a>
RelatedInst
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
SourceInfo
Source abstract.
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
PM
EntryDate
200708
Year
2007
AdminScoring
The SACS a one-page pencil and paper self-report questionnaire designed to be administered by health professionals who are working with young people aged 13-18 years. It takes about 5 minutes to complete. The scoring system for the ‘SACS difficulties scale’ item responses (not true, somewhat true, certainly true) is similar to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), with weightings for each response scored 0, 1, 2, respectively. It can be used alone or with the SDQ; together, the two instruments will assist in identifying young people at risk and assessing their needs at first presentation in order to determine best treatment options. Most importantly the combination of tools can measure outcome as young people progress through the treatment process.
ValidRely
In the study by Grant et al 2007, reliability of the SACS was sound, with coefficient alpha 0.91 and 3-week test-retest correlation 0.88. Congruent validity coefficients of the SACS versus the CRAFFT and the POSIT were 0.79 and 0.91, respectively. A ROC curve demonstrated the SACS as having a predictive value of 92%. Repeat SACS scores in a treatment sample indicated that the SACS had utility in measuring change. Feedback from participants indicated that the SACS was highly acceptable.
Status
public
Population
Adolescents
Permalink
http://bit.ly/SACS_inst

AccessNo
597
Name
International Personality Disorder Examination
Acronym
IPDE
Developer
Loranger, Armand W.
Sartorius, Norman
Andreoli, Antonio
Berger, Peter
Buchheim, Peter
Channabasavanna, S. M.
Coid, Bina
Dahl, Alv
Diekstra, Rene F. W.
Ferguson, Brian
Jacobsberg, Lawrence B.
Mombour, W.
Pull, Charles
Ono, Yutaka
Regier, Darrel A.
Description
The IPDE was developed within the Joint Program for the Diagnosis and Classification of Mental Disorders of the World Health Organization (WHO) and U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and provides a uniform approach for assessing personality disorders for both the DSM-IVTM and the ICD-10 classification systems. The interview is the most widely used of its kind and is the only personality disorder interview based on worldwide field trials. The IPDE Manual contains the interview questions to assess either the 11 DSM-IV or the 10 ICD-10 personality disorders. The two IPDE modules (DSM-IV and ICD-10) contain both a self-administered screening questionnaire and a semistructured interview booklet with scoring materials. In general, the self-administered screener is administered first, followed by the clinical interview if the screener's scores suggest a personality disorder may be present.<p>

Results from the IPDE Interview allow the examiner to assign a definite, probable, or negative diagnosis for each personality disorder. The IPDE Interview questions are arranged in a format that provides the optimal balance between a spontaneous, natural clinical interview and the requirements of standardization and objectivity. The questions are arranged in sections (e.g., Background Information, Work, Self, Interpersonal Relationships) with open-ended inquiries provided at the beginning of each section to enable a smooth transition from the previous section. For each IPDE Interview question, the corresponding personality disorder and the specific diagnostic criterion is identified with precise scoring guidelines. Also at least one criterion must have been present prior to age 25 years before that particular personality disorder can be diagnosed.<p>

The IPDE has proven to be a user-friendly and clinically meaningful tool for clinicians throughout the international psychiatric community. It has demonstrated interrater reliability and temporal stability that is roughly similar to instruments used to diagnose psychoses, mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders.
Availability
This instrument is copyright protected.. Available from Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR), Inc.:
<a href="http://www3.parinc.com/products/product.aspx?Productid=IPDE">http://www3.parinc.com/products/product.aspx?Productid=IPDE</a>. An introductory kit (manual, 25 questionnaires, scoring and answer sheets) costs $192.
Contact
PAR, Inc.<br>
tel: 800-331-8378
SourceRef
Loranger AW, Sartorius N, Andreoli A, Berger P, Buchheim P, Channabasavanna SM, Coid B, Dahl A, Diekstra RF, Ferguson B, et al. The International Personality Disorder Examination. The World Health Organization/Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration international pilot study of personality disorders.
Archives of General Psychiatry 1994; 51(3):215-24.
OtherRef
Verheul R ; Hartgers C ; Van den Brink W ; Koeter MW. The effect of sampling, diagnostic criteria and assessment procedures on the observed prevalence of DSM-III-R personality disorders among treated alcoholics. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1998; 59(2):227-36.
Echeburua E ; de Medina RB ; Aizpiri J. Alcoholism and personality disorders: an exploratory study. Alcohol Alcohol 2005;40(4):323-6.
Driessen M ; Veltrup C ; Wetterling T ; John U ; Dilling H. Axis I and axis II comorbidity in alcohol dependence and the two types of alcoholism.
Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research 1998; 22(1):77-86.
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Clinician-administered interview
Screening
Recommended
APA Handbook
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200708
Year
1994
Notes
Source ref is located in ADAI rp 09256
AdminScoring
The IPDE Screening Questionnaire is a self-administered form that contains 77 DSM-IV or 59 ICD-10 items written at a 4th-grade reading level. The patient responds either True or False to each item and can complete the questionnaire in 15 minutes or less. The clinician then scores the screener and, if the results suggest presence of a personality disorder, proceeds with the clinical interview (which takes about an hour to administer).
Status
public
Population
Co-occurring clients
Permalink
http://bit.ly/IPDE_inst

AccessNo
598
Name
Current Opioid Misuse Measure
Acronym
COMM
Developer
Butler, Stephen F.
Budman, Simon H.
Fernandez, Katherine C.
Houle, Brian
Benoit, Christine
Katz, Nathaniel
Jamison, Robert N.
Description
Clinicians recognize the importance of monitoring aberrant medication-related behaviors of chronic pain patients being prescribed opioid therapy. The COMM is a brief (17 items), self-report measure of current aberrant drug-related behavior, and may serve as a useful tool for those providers who need to document their patients' continued compliance and appropriate use of opioids for pain. The COMM is designed to address ongoing medication misuse by asking patients to describe how they are currently using their medication. Each question asks the relative frequency of a thought or behavior over the past 30 days from "0 = never" to "4 = very often." Thoughts or behaviors asked about include, "How often have you had trouble with thinking clearly or had memory problems?", "How often have you been in an argument?", "How often have you been worried about how you are handling your medications?", and "How often have you taken your medications different from how they are prescribed?" The scale uses a low cut-off score in order to over-identify misuse, rather than to mislabel someone as responsible when they are not; thus, this scale will result in false positives, however the authors believe it is better to identify patients who have only a possibility of misuse than to fail to identify those who are actually actively abusing their medication. Ideally, the results of the COMM can serve as an educational tool for patients and providers, and should not be used to deny care but rather to make appropriate decisions about the best ways to manage chronic pain.
Availability
Copyright information unavailable.
Contact
Stephen F. Butler<br>
Inflexxion, Inc.<br>
Newton, MA 02464<br>
tel: +1-603-673-1317<br>
<a href="mailto:sfbutler@inflexxion.com">sfbutler@inflexxion.com</a>
InstURL
http://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content//SMA12-4671/SMA12-4671.pdf#page=71
ADAI
G:\Library\Instruments Library\Instrument PDFs\Current Opioid Misuse Measure 598.pdf
SourceRef
Butler SF ; Budman SH ; Fernandez KC ; Houle B ; Benoit C ; Katz N ; Jamison RN. Development and Validation of the Current Opioid Misuse Measure. Pain 2007; 130:144-156
OtherRef
Jamison R, Katz N, Budman S, Fernandez K, Benoit C, Butler S. Cross validation of COMM-scale to monitor chronic pain patients. J Pain 2007; 8(4 suppl 1):S68.
Meltzer EC, Rybin D, Saitz R, Samet JH, Schwartz SL, Butler SF, Liebschutz JM. Identifying prescription opioid use disorder in primary care: Diagnostic characteristics of the Current Opioid Misuse Measure (COMM). Pain 2011;152(2):397-402
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). Managing Chronic Pain in Adults With or in Recovery From Substance Use Disorders. (CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) series 54 ; DHHS Pub. No. (SMA) 12-4671). Rockville : Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 2012.
RelatedInst
<a href="http://lib.adai.washington.edu/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll?BU=http%3A//lib.adai.washington.edu/instrumentsearch.htm&TN=Instruments&CS=0&QY=find%20%28AccessNo%20ct%20466%29&RF=Full&DF=Full&MR=&NP=3&RL=0&DL=0&XC=&ID=&AC=QBE_QUERY">Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire (PDUQ)</a>
<a href="http://bit.ly/POTQ_inst">Prescription Opioid Therapy Questionnaire</a>
SourceInfo
Source ref
InstrumentType
Self-administered questionnaire
Screening
EnteredBy
PM, MB
EntryDate
200708
Year
2007
InstURLHost
CSAT TIP 54
Notes
The 17 items of the COMM are listed in Table 2 of the Source Ref. Source ref is in the reprint file.
AdminScoring
Each of the 17 questions asks the relative frequency of a thought or behavior over the past 30 days from "0=Never" to "4=Very Often." Thus, instead of identifying character and personality traits based on past history, the COMM is mostly interested in current behaviors and cognition. The low COMM cut-off score was selected to over-identify misuse.
ValidRely
The 17 items of the COMM were found to have good reliability and adequate validity in identifying which chronic pain patients currently on long-term opioid therapy would show evidence of medication misuse or abuse.
Status
public
Population
Adults
Permalink
http://bit.ly/COMM_inst

AccessNo
599
Name
Worry-Reduction Alcohol Expectancy Scale
Acronym
WRAES
Developer
Smith, Joshua P.
Tran, Giao Q.
Description
This 20-item measure assesses beliefs about the ability of alcohol consumption to reduce or diminish worry. It features a series of statements about the effects of alcohol and asks respondents to answer based on their personal thoughts, feelings, or beliefs about the effects of alcohol using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree). Statements, grouped into two subscales (Daily Living and Health/Safety) include, "When I drink, it is easier to 'let go' of my worries," "When I drink, my worrying about minor hassles is less intense," and "When I have had a stressful day, alcohol helps me to stop worrying." While the initial psychometric results of this scale are encouraging, studies are needed to test the instrument's ability to identify worriers at risk for developing drinking problems, its ability to predict drinking behaviors and consequences, and its sensitivity to treatment outcome.
Availability
A copy of the WRAES can be found in Appendix A of the source reference.
Contact
Joshua P. Smith<br>
Department of Psychology<br>
University of Cincinnati, College of Arts and Sciences<br>
PO Box 210376<br>
Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0376<br>
tel: 513-556-5663<br>
<a href="mailto:smijp@email.uc.edu">smijp@email.uc.edu</a>
ADAI